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Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Caulerpaceae
Genus Caulerpa

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep in the shade. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center. From: Ohba, H., Victor, S., Golbuu, Y. & Yukihira, H. (2007) Tropical Marine Plants of Palau. pp. 153. PICRC & JICA..

Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 0.5 m in the sun. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center. From: Ohba, H., Victor, S., Golbuu, Y. & Yukihira, H. (2007) Tropical Marine Plants of Palau. pp. 153. PICRC & JICA..

Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Palau Islands, West Pacific. 17 m deep. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center. From: Ohba, H., Victor, S., Golbuu, Y. & Yukihira, H. (2007) Tropical Marine Plants of Palau. pp. 153. PICRC & JICA..

Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 0.5 m deep in the sun. 25 Nov 2002. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center. From: Ohba, H., Victor, S., Golbuu, Y. & Yukihira, H. (2007) Tropical Marine Plants of Palau. pp. 153. PICRC & JICA..

Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh
1. Habit. 2. Upper subtidal (2 m depth, Xom Bau, Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Hawaii; scale is 5 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman. From: Huisman JM, Abbott IA, Smith CM (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. University of Hawaii Sea Grant College Program, Honolulu. 264 p. Available from Seagrant, University of Hawai'i.

Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Bonaire, Caribbean. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Marsha Shagra, Red Sea. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Cambodia. Bart.J.H. Kluskens. © Bart.J.H. Kluskens (bart@songsaa.com). From: Visit our website - http://ww.

Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Panama. In situ. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

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Phyllophora brodiei var. elongata Hauck

Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep in the shade

Publication details
Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh 1837: 174

Published in: Agardh, J.G. (1837). Novae species algarum, quas in itinere ad oras maris rubri collegit Eduardus Rüppell; cum observationibus nonnullis in species rariores antea cognitas. Museum Senckenbergianum 2: 169-174.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Caulerpa is Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus serrulatus Forsskål

Type information
Type locality: Mokha, Yemen (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 841). Type: P. Forsskål; C (presumably) (under Fucus laminosus) (Lipkin & Silva 2002: 66).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), somewhat saw-toothed.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus serrulatus Forsskål 1775
Caulerpa freycinetii f. serrulata (Forsskål) Weber-van Bosse 1898

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Caulerpa freycinetii C.Agardh 1823
Chauvinia freycinetti (C.Agardh) Trevisan 1849

Habitat notes
Widespread in warm seas. Exposed in the intertidal zone; dredged from 120 m, on soft bottom of greenish-light brown mud with a few shell fragments and larger particles; dredged from 110 m, on soft bottom of light brown mud with a few shell fragments; dredged from 9-11 m, on soft mud flat, with a few filamentous epiphytes; the low-light ecophene, or "boryana-ecophene", obtained from horizontal surfaces in deep water, in crevices and other shaded habitats in shallow water, on mud flats at ca. 10 m, where water movement presumably occurs, and at 110-120m, where the water is presumably still (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (23 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Atlas Checklist notes
Bolinao, Pangasinan (Fama et al. 2002: table1). - (16 Aug 2011) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Fucus serrulatus Forsskål)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Caulerpa freycinetii C.Agardh)
South America: Chile (Ramírez & Santelices 1991 ), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991).

Asia: South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Nguyen et al. 2013).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013, Tsuda & Walsh 2013).

(as Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål) J.Agardh)
Central America: Belize (Norris & Bucher 1982), Costa Rica (Fernández-García et al. 2011), Panama (Famà, Wysor, Kooistra & Zuccarello 2002, Wysor & Kooistra 2003, Wysor 2004, Fernández-García et al. 2011).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Barbados (Taylor 1960), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960), Martinique (Rodríguez-Prieto, Michanek & Ivon 1999, Delnatte & Wynne 2016), St. Eustatius and/or Saba (Van der Loos et al. 2017), Trinidad & Tobago (Duncan & Lee Lum 2006).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Moura 2010), Venezuela (Taylor 1960, Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Djibouti (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Egypt (Papenfuss 1968, Famà, Wysor, Kooistra & Zuccarello 2002, Marconi et al. 2011, Issa et al. 2014), Eritrea (Lipkin & Silva 2002, Ateweberhan & Prud'homme van Reine 2005), Ethiopia (Papenfuss 1968), Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Madagascar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mauritius (Børgesen 1940, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mozambique (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Somalia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Sudan (Papenfuss 1968, Osman & Mohammed 2016), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Andaman Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Chagos Archipelago (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Comoros and Mayotte (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Diego Garcia Atoll (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Laccadive Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Maldives (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Nicobar Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Rodrigues Island (De Clerck et al. 2004), Seychelles (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Gupta 2012, Gupta 2012, Rao & Gupta 2015), Israel (Papenfuss 1968), Jordan (Papenfuss 1968), Oman (Wynne & Jupp 1998), Saudi Arabia (Papenfuss 1968), Sri Lanka (Coppejans et al. 2009), Yemen (Papenfuss 1968, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Asia: China (Liu 2008, Liu 2008, Liu 2008, Titlyanov et al. 2011), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov et al. 2015), Japan (Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Titlyanov et al 2006, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016, Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014, Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012, Anon. 2012), Yonaguni Island (Titlyanov et al. 2016).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Malaysia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Myanmar (Burma) (Soe-Htun et al. 2009), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Teo & Wee 1983, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Pham et al. 2011), Spratley Islands (Hodgson et al. 2004), Thailand (Hodgson et al. 2004, Coppejans et al. 2011), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Abbott, Fisher & McDermid 2002, Hodgson et al. 2004, Tien 2007, Titlyanov et al. 2011, Titlyanov & Titlyanov 2012, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Australia and New Zealand: Houtman Abrolhos (Huisman 1997), Norfolk Island (Millar 1999), Papua New Guinea (Coppejans et al. 2001), Queensland (Lewis 1987, Cribb 1996, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Kraft 2007, Bostock & Holland 2010, Bostock & Holland 2010), Western Australia (Huisman 2000, Huisman & Borowitzka 2003, Huisman et al. 2009, Belton, Huisman & Gurgel 2015).

Pacific Islands: American Samoa (Skelton et al. 2004, Tsuda et al. 2011 ), Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013, Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003, Littler & Littler 2003), French Polynesia (Payri, N'Yeurt & Orempuller 2000), Guam (Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Hawaiian Islands (Magruder & Hunt 1979, Abbott & Huisman, 2004, Hodgson et al. 2004, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007, Wynne, Verbruggen & Angel 2009), Jarvis I. & Kingman Reef (Tsuda & Fisher 2012), Line Islands (Tsuda & Fisher 2012), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), Marshall Islands (Taylor 1950, Dawson 1957), New Caledonia (Payri 2007), Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Tsuda 2014), Republic of Palau (Ohba et al 2007), Samoan Archipelago (Skelton & South 1999), Solomon Islands (Womersley & Bailey 1970), Wake Atoll (Tsuda, Abbott & Foster 2006).

Key references
Abbott, I.A., Fisher, J. & McDermid, K.J. (2002). Newly reported and revised marine algae from the vicinity of Nha Trang, Vietnam. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol. 8, pp. 291-321. Oceanographic Institute, Nha Trang, Vietnam: California Sea Grant College.

Belton, G.S., Huisman, J.M. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2015). Caulerpaceae. In: Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 75-102. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Famá, P., Wysor, B., Kooistra, W.H.C.F. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2002). Molecular phylogeny of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) inferred from chloroplast tufA gene. Journal of Phycology 38: 1040-1050.

Hodgson, L.M. Pham Huu Tri, Lewmanomont, K. & McDermid, K.J. (2004). Annotated checklist of species of Caulerpa and Caulerpella (Bryopsidales, Caulerpaceae) from Vietnam, Thailand and the Hawaiian Islands. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to the Pacific and other locations Volume IX. (Abbott, I.A. & McDermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.9, pp. 21-38.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Kraft, G.T. (2007). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of Lord Howe Island and the southern Great Barrier Reef, 1. Green algae. pp. [i-iv], v-vi, 1-347, 110 text-figs; 11 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study & CSIRO Publishing.

Senerpont Domis, L.N. de, Famà, P., Bartlett, A.J., Prud’homme van Reine, W.F., Espinosa, C.A. & Trono, Jr G.C. (2003). Defining taxon boundaries in members of the morphologically and genetically plastic genus Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 39: 1019-1037.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2004). New records and notes on marine benthic algae of American Samoa - Chlorophyta & Phaeophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 25: 291-312.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Stam, W.T., Olsen, J.L., Zaleski, S.F., Murray, S.N., Brown, K.R. & Walters, L.J. (2006). A forensic and phylogenetic survey of Caulerpa species (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) from the Florida coast, local aquarium shops, and e-commerce: establishing a proactive baseline for early detection. Journal of Phycology 42: 1113-1124.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka.

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Wynne, M.J., Verbruggen, H. & Angel, D.J. (2009). The recognition of Caulerpa integerrima (Zanardini) comb. et stat. nov. (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) from the Red Sea. Phycologia 48(4): 291-301, 13 figs, 2 tables.

Created: 08 March 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 March 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7346 times since it was created.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 October 2017.

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