Chlorosarcinopsis Herndon, 1958
Holotype species: Chlorosarcinopsis minor (Gerneck) Herndon
Original publication and holotype designation: Herndon, W. (1958). Studies on chlorosphaeracean algae from soil. American Journal of Botany 45(4): 298-308.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Tsarenko, P.M. (2011). Sphaeropleales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 280-355. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G..
Description: Solitary cells spherical, cells mutually compressed in diads, tetrads, or packets resulting from desmoschisis. Cells uninucleate with parietal chloroplasts containing one or more pyrenoids. Asexual reproduction by zoospores, aplanospores, or desmoschisis. Zoospores naked with two flagella of equal length. Isogamous sex observed.
Information contributed by: T.R. Deason. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 27 Jan 2012 by M.D. Guiry.
Comments: The type species was isolated from Jamaican soil, but other species were isolated from soils of North America and Saudi Arabia. Physiological and immunological studies of a number of species have been performed. Ultrastructure studies have shown that the zoospore flagellar apparatus of all species examined is essentially identical with that of Chlamydomonas reinhardii, and that the zoospores of four species have thin cell walls. The latter species were removed to a new genus Neochlorosarcina Watanabe (1983).
Numbers of names and species: There are 21 species names in the database at present, as well as 1 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 12 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Cambra Sánchez, J., Álvarez Cobelas, M. & Aboal Sanjurjo, M. (1998). Lista florística y bibliográfica de los clorófitos (Chlorophyta) de la Península Ibérica, Islas Baleares e Islas Canarias. pp. 1-614. Burgos: Asociación Española de Limnología.
Deason, T.R. & Floyd, G.L. (1987). Comparative ultrastructure of three species of Chlorosarcina (Chlorosarcinaceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 23: 187-195.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 27 January 2012 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=43398
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 September 2020.