Prochlorococcus Chisholm, Frankel, Goericke, Olson, Palenik, Waterbury, West-Johnsrud & Zettler ex Komárek et al., 2020
Original publication: Komárek, J., Johansen, J.R., Smarda, J. & Strunecky, O. (2020). Phylogeny and taxonomy of Synechococcus-like cyanobacteria. Fottea 20(2): 171-191, 6 figures.
Type designated in: Druzhkov, N.V. & Makarevich, P.R. (1999). Comparison of the phytoplankton assemblages of the south-eastern Barents Sea and South-Western Kara Sea: phytogeographical status of the regions. Botanica Marina 42: 103-116.
Description: The prokaryotic cells are spherical to rod shaped just prior to division, occur singly or in pairs and divide by transverse binary fission. They possess a gram-negative cell wall and have peripheral photosynthetic thylakoids that are closely appressed to one another. Phycobilisomes are absent. They are oxygenic photoautotrophs that possess divinyl chlorophylls a and b as their principal photosynthetic pigments, and lack phycobiliproteins. Description in Komárek et al., 2020: 178.
Information contributed by: Original description.. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2023-03-02 by M.D. Guiry.
Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Gender: This genus name is currently treated as masculine.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Strunecký, O., Ivanova, A.P. & Mares, J. (2022 '2023'). An updated classification of cyanobacterial orders and families based on phylogenomic and polyphasic analysis (Review). Journal of Phycology 59(1): 12-51.
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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=46076
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 02 March 2023. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 11 December 2023