159,870 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,563 images, 61,899 bibliographic items, 468,408 distributional records.

Paragymnodinium N.S.Kang, H.J.Jeong, Moestrup & W.Shin, 2010

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gymnodiniaceae

Holotype species: Paragymnodinium shiwhaense N.S.Kang, H.J.Jeong, Moestrup & W.Shin

Original publication and holotype designation: Kang, N.S., Jeong, H.J., Moestrup, Ø., Shin, W., Nam, S.W., Park, J.Y., de Salas, M.F. Kim, K.W. & Noh, J.H. (2010). Description of a new planktonic mixotrphi dinoflagellate Paragymnodinium shiwhaense n. gen., n. sp. from the coastal waters off western Korea: morphology, pigments, and ribosomal DNA gene sequence . Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 57(2): 121-144, 89 figs, 2 tables.

Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Gender: This genus name is currently treated as neuter.

Description: Dinoflagellates with very thin transparent polygonal AVs arranged in longitudinal rows. An anterior furrow or line absent, but a furrow extends ventrally from the cingulum to near the apex. Nuclear envelope chambers and NFC absent. Cells possess chlorophyll a and chlorophyll c2. The major carotenoid is peridinin and cells also contain diadinoxanthin, diatoxanthin, and b-carotene. Cells possess nematocysts and trichocysts, but lacks taeniocysts, posterior vacuoles, and stylet. Mixotrophic.

Origin of description: this description is from the original publication; it may have been modified slightly.

Numbers of names and species: There are 4 species names in the database at present, of which 4 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

References
Kawai, H. & Nakayama, T. (2015). Introduction (Heterokontobionta p.p.), Cryptophyta, Dinophyta, Haptophyta, Heterokontophyta (except Coscinodiscophyceae, Mediophyceae, Fragilariophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, Phaeophyceae, Eustigmatophyceae), Chlorarachniophyta, Euglenophyta. In: Syllabus of plant families. Adolf Engler's Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien. Ed. 13. Phototrophic eukaryotic Algae. Glaucocystophyta, Cryptophyta, Dinophyta/Dinozoa, Haptophyta, Heterokontophyta/Ochrophyta, Chlorarachnniophyta/Cercozoa, Chlorophyta, Streptophyta p.p. (Frey, W. Eds), pp. 11-189. Stuttgart: Borntraeger Science Publishers.

Yokouchi, K., Onuma, R. & Horiguchi, T. (2018). Ultrastructure and phylogeny of a new species of mixotrophic dinoflagellate, Paragymnodinium stigmaticum sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae). Phycology 57(5): 539-554.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 07 August 2012 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 13 October 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=51372

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 January 2021.

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