Biddulphia S.F.Gray, 1821
Lectotype species: Biddulphia pulchella S.F.Gray
Currently accepted name for the type species: Biddulphia biddulphiana (J.E.Smith) Boyer
Original publication: Gray, S.F. (1821). A natural arrangement of British plants, according to their relations to each other, as pointed out by Jussieu, De Candolle, Brown, &c. including those cultivated for use; with an introduction to botany, in which the terms newly introduced are explained; illustrated by figures. pp. vol. 1: [i]-xxviii, - 824, pls I-XXI plates. London: Printed for Baldwin, Cradock & Joy, Paternoster-Row.
Type designated in: Kützing, F.T. (1834 '1833'). Synopsis diatomearum oder Versuch einer systematischen Zusammenstellung der Diatomeen. Linnaea 8: 529-620, pls XIII-XIX [79 figs].
Description: Cells robust, rectangular in girdle view, elliptical in valve view, with prominent elevations at the poles. Normally seen in girdle view, often growing in zig-zag chains attached to filamentous seaweeds, etc. Often found also in inshore plankton samples. Plastids numerous, discoidal. A very common marine genus but taxonomically extremely confused (see below). Valves bipolar/lanceolate to almost circular, often with waxy margins. Valves surface often furrowed with various thickenings, spines (often conspicuous in the central region) or ridges. Apices bearing rounded pseudocelli on low or extended elevations. Valve mantle not well-defined but extreme edge of valve often recurved and variously moulded. Areolae large with perforate vela of the cribrum type. Simple pores also occur occasionally in the valve framework. Internally with conspicuous plain ridge (pseudosepta) beneath the external indentations of the valve. One to several rimoportulae present, sessile, clustered in centre; external tubes often stout and surmounted by two spines. Cingula with a complete, close valvocopula and 3-4 split copulae; areolae large, in rows; fluting of girdle corresponding to that of valve edge.The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2020-01-10 by Wendy Guiry.
Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Comments: Ross & Sims (1971) concluded that several species of Triceratium also belong in Biddulphia but these we have not investigated. At the moment the best practice seems to be to distinguish groups of species which clearly fall into genera where the type species is well defined. Biddulphia has well-defined pseudocelli, cribra, marginal external ridges, internal pseudosepta and central rimoportulae. The genus includes B. biddulphiana, B. regina and B. tuomeyi. Other species formerly in Biddulphia have been transferred to Odontella, Pleurosira, Biddulphiopsis, etc. Hoban (1983) provides further detail of the type species together with a discussion of the family limits within the confused group of 'biddulphioid' forms.
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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=44312
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 10 January 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 September 2022