Adelophycus Kraft, 1994

Holotype species: Adelophycus corneus (J.Agardh) Kraft

Original publication: Womersley, H.B.S. & Kraft, G.T. (1994). Family Nemastomataceae Schmitz 1892:2, nom. cons.. In: The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part IIIA. Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). (Womersley, H.B.S. Eds), pp. 270-285. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Type designated in: Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIA - Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). pp. [1]-508, 167 figs, 4 pls, 4 maps. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

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Precise date of publication: 14 January 1994

Description: Plants reach 16 cm in length and are subdichotomous, compressed, and narrowly linear, often with repeated, irregularly spaced annulations. The texture is among the most cartilaginous of any member of the family, and the cortex is particularly compact. Highly refractive gland cells occur in great numbers in the cortex. Fertilized carpogonia appear to initiate a single connecting filament. Auxiliary cells are distal and intercalary in long, unbranched medullary rhizoids that enter the cortex. Connecting filaments appear to diploidize a series of auxiliary cells, and gonimoblast initials arise laterally on the connecting filament and develop primarily thallus-inwardly. Tetrasporophytes are unknown.

Information contributed by: G.T. Kraft. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2010-10-08 by M.D. Guiry.

Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.

Comments: Distribution: The single species is endemic to southern Australia from the Perth region to eastern Victoria, where it occurs on rock from intertidal pools to 6 m depths. It is infrequently collected.

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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 08 October 2010. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.; searched on 10 August 2022

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