Holotype species: Actinastrum hantzschii Lagerheim
Original publication and holotype designation: Lagerheim, G. (1882). Bidrag till kännedomen om stockholmstraktens Pediastreer, Protococcaceer och Palmellaceer. Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar Arg. 39(2): 47-81, 2 pls.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Tsarenko, P.M. (2011). Trebouxiophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-108. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G..
Description: Thalli usually colonial, rarely solitary, forming 2- or 8-celled coenobia with cells radiating from a center and embedded in mucilaginous matrix. Cells elongate to linear with acute, obtuse or truncate cell apex. Cells 7-40 x 1-8 µm, connected only at base. Cells uninucleate; chloroplast single and parietal with pyrenoid. Asexual reproduction by autospores, 4-16 per sporangium, usually organized in one coenobium or disintegrated in single cells; spore release by dissolution of parental cell wall. Sexual reproduction unknown. Actinastrum planktonic in eutrophic freshwater ponds and lakes, reported world-wide except in arctic and subarctic climates. Relationships of genus unclear and taxon also assigned to Selenastraceae. Habit similar to some diatoms with asteroid cell arrangement (Nitzschia, Synedra).
Information contributed by: E. Hegewald. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 22 Mar 2013 by M.D. Guiry.
Numbers of names and species: There are 17 species names in the database at present, as well as 22 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 12 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Cambra Sánchez, J., Álvarez Cobelas, M. & Aboal Sanjurjo, M. (1998). Lista florística y bibliográfica de los clorófitos (Chlorophyta) de la Península Ibérica, Islas Baleares e Islas Canarias. pp. 1-614. Burgos: Asociación Española de Limnología.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 22 March 2013 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=43466
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 October 2020.