Achnanthidium Kützing, 1844
Lectotype species: Achnanthidium microcephalum Kützing
Currently accepted name for the type species: Achnanthidium minutissimum (Kützing) Czarnecki
Original publication:Kützing, F.T. (1844). Die Kieselschaligen Bacillarien oder Diatomeen. pp. [i-vii], -152, pls 1-30. Nordhausen: zu finden bei W. Köhne.
Type designated in Rabenhorst, L. (1853). Die Süsswasser-Diatomaceen (Bacillarien.): für Freunde der Mikroskopie. pp. -xii, -72, 10 pls. Leipzig: Eduard Kummer.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Fourtanier, E. & Kociolek, J.P. (1999). Catalogue of the diatom genera. Diatom Research 14(1): 1-190.
Fourtanier, E. & Kociolek (1999: 22) write "Kiitzing does not specify that this is a new genus. Two species are described in the original publication (A. microcephalum and A. delicatulum), and no generitype is designated. In Cleve 1895 (ref. 000949) p. 191, it is introduced as %u201CAchnanthidium (Kiitz. 1844) Heib. 1863%u201D, there is, however, nothing in Heiberg 1863 (ref. 000471, p. 118) that justifies such a citation. According to Ross in Farr et al. 1979, Achnanthidium microcephalum was designated as the type by Rabenhorst 1853, p. 46 (ref. 000772); Rabenhorst transferred A. delicatulum into genus Falcatella, but retained A. microcephalum in Achnanthidium (p. 25), his action by itself does not constitute lectotypification which is effected by Ross in Farr et al. 1979, p. 12." - (14 Aug 2017) - M.D. Guiry
Achnanthidiales (Kociolek, 2018). - (12 Mar 2020) - Wendy Guiry
Numbers of names and species: There are 188 species names in the database at present, as well as 36 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 123 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Verification of data
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Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 14 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=43670
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 August 2020.