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Corallina officinalis Linnaeus 1758

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Corallinaceae
Subfamily Corallinoideae
Tribe Corallineae
Genus Corallina


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Corallina officinalis Linnaeus
Kingston, South Australia. 08 May 2019. G.J.Edgar. © G.J.Edgar.

Corallina officinalis Linnaeus
lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Corallina officinalis Linnaeus
lower intertidal, Costa da Morte, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Corallina officinalis Linnaeus
lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Corallina officinalis Linnaeus
upper subtidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Corallina officinalis Linnaeus
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. . 22 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org).

Corallina officinalis Linnaeus
Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

Corallina officinalis Linnaeus
AlgaeBase photograph on the cover of Biology and Environment. 05 Jan 2011. M.D. Guiry. © Cover © Royal Irish Academy.

Corallina officinalis Linnaeus
Corallina officinalis Fountainstown, Co. Cork. 25 Aug 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Corallina officinalis Linnaeus
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; mid-shore pools. 14 Apr 2006. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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23 Found - Displaying 1 through 10


Neodilsea integra (Kjellman) A.D.Zinova

Corallina officinalis Linnaeus Corallina officinalis Fountainstown, Co. Cork
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Corallina officinalis Linnaeus 1758: 805

Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Editio decima revisa. Vol. 1 pp. [i-iv], [1]-823. Holmiae [Stockholm]: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii.
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Original description:  Download PDF

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Corallina.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: "Hab. O. Eur." [European Seas] (Linnaeus 1758: 805). Lectotype: LINN 1293.9 (Womersley & Johansen 1996: 291). Notes: Lectotype selected by Schmitz (1889: 455). Linnaeus writes: "C. trichotoma, articulis cylindricis: teminale ovata. Ellis 48 n. 2. t. 24. f. A. Hab. O. Eur." An epitype was designated by Brodie et al. (2013, BM001062598, fig. 1): England: Devon, Sidmouth, 28 April 2007, leg. Juliet Brodie, JB39. In pool, lower shore, slightly silty, N50:40:30 W3:14:42. Genbank accession numbers: FM180073 [cox1], and JX315329 [rbcL] (Walker et al., 2009).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), used in medicine [in the past] (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Corallina anglica Ellis 1755
Corallina calvadosii J.V.Lamouroux 1816
Corallina cretacea Postels & Ruprecht 1840
Amphiroa cretacea (Postels & Ruprecht) Endlicher 1843
Corallina nana Zanardini 1844
Corallina officinalis f. vulgaris Kützing 1858
Corallina officinalis var. vulgaris Kützing 1858
Corallina compacta P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1867
Corallina officinalis f. profunda Farlow 1881
Corallina officinalis var. profunda Farlow 1881
Corallina officinalis var. nana (Zanardini) Ardissone 1883
Corallina officinalis var. compacta (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Batters 1902
Arthrocardia cretacea (Postels & Ruprecht) Weber Bosse 1904
Corallina officinalis f. nana (Zanardini) Van Heurck 1908
Corallina officinalis var. flabellifera Schiffner 1931
Pachyarthron cretaceum (Postels & Ruprecht) Manza 1937
Corallina officinalis f. compacta (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Hamel & Me.Lemoine 1953
Bossiella cretacea (Postels & Ruprecht) H.W.Johansen 1969

Nomenclatural notes
Linnaeus cites Ellis 48 n. 2 t. 24 f. A "C. trichotoma articulis cylindricis: teminale ovato."

Habitat notes
Marine, epilithic or occasionally on mollusc shells or non-geniculate corallines: sheltered or, less commonly, wave exposed shores, in damp sites throughout the littoral (Brodie et al., 2013). - (19 Aug 2014) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Corallina officinalis Linnaeus)
English: Common Coral Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Whitish-pink to lilac, calcified, articulated fronds, 60-70 (-120) mm high, axis cylindrical to compressed, repeatedly pinnate from and expanded discoid base, branchng often irregular. Growth form very variable, often stunted. In unfavourable habitats erect system vestigial, but extensive base may be present. Revised description (Brodie et al., 2013: 51, 52).

On rock, midtidal pools and drainage runnels, lower intertidal and shallow subtidal, widespread and abundant, especially on exposed coasts.

Similar species
Haliptilon squamatum (Linnaeus) Johansen, L. Irvine et Webster, a species rarely found in lower-shore rock pools, has shield-shaped articulations but is difficult to distinguish from Corallina officinalis. Corallina elongata is smaller and more regularly branched.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Bressan, G. & Babbini, L. (2003). Biodiversità marina delle coste Italiane: Corallinales del Mar Mediterraneo: guida all deteminazione. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 10(Suppl. 2): 1-237.

Brodie, J., Walker, R.H., Williamson, C. & Irvine, L.M. (2013). Epitypification and redescription of Corallina officinalis L., the type of the genus, and C. elongata Ellis et Solander (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 34(1): 49-56.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Lopatina, N.A. & Zhigadlova, G.G. (2020). [Red algae. Algae of the division Rhodophyta]. In: Flora and Fauna of Matua Island (middle Kuril Islands): the field guide. Volume 1. Sea. (Sanamyan, K.E. &Sanamyan, N.P. Eds), pp. 336-423. Cherepovets: Intron. [in Russian]

Lugilde, J., Peña, V. & Bárbara, I. (2016). El orden Corallinales sensu lato (Rhodophyta) en el Atlántico ibérico: estado actual de su conocimiento. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 73(2): e038, 3 tables.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 1 Rødalger (Rhodophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 7: [1]-398, col. figs and distributional maps.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Spencer, M.A., Irvine, L.M. & Jarvis, C.E. (2009). Typification of Linnaean names relevant to algal nomenclature. Taxon 58: 237-260.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Vinogradova, K.L. (2010). Taxonomic review of the Corallinales (Rhodophyta) in the northern Russian seas. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 95(5): 667-681, 6 pls.

Walker, R.H., Brodie, J., Russell, S., Irvine, L.M. & Orfanidis, S. (2009). Biodiversity of coralline algae in the northeastern Atlantic including Corallina caespitosa sp. nov. (Corallinoideae, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 45: 287-297.

Womersley, H.B.S. & Johansen, H.W. (1996). Subfamily Corallinoideae (Areschoug) Foslie 1908: 19. In: The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIB - Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. (Womersley, H.B.S. Eds), pp. 288-317. Adelaide & Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study & the State Herbarium of South Australia.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. IV Corallinales . pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-147, pls I-V. Beijing: Science Press.

Yesson, Y., Jackson, A., Russell, S., Williamson, C.J. & Brodie, J. (2018). SNPs reveal geographical population structure of Corallina officinalis (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 53(2): 180-188.

Zinova, A.D. (1955). Opredelitel' burykh vodorosley severnykh morey SSSR [Manual for identification of the brown algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. Vol. 2 pp. 220, 169 figures. Moscow & Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. [in Russian]

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 08 December 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 50738 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Andrake, W. & Johansen, H.W. (1980). Alizarin red dye as a marker for measuring growth in Corallina officinalis L. (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 16: .
Beltrán, M. & Bárbara, I. (2003). Estudio morfológico comparado entre Corallina officinalis y C. elongata (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) en el noroeste de la Península Ibérica. Nova Acta Científica Compostelana (Bioloxía) 13: 5-16.
Berner, L. (1979). Note sur Corallina officinalis L. 1761. Nova Hedwigia 31: 977-990.
Borowitzka, M.A. & Vesk, M. (1978). Ultrastructure of the Corallinaceae. I. The vegetative cells of Corallina officinalis and C. cuvierii. Marine Biology, Berlin 46: 295-304.
Bressan, G. & Benes, M. (1977). Individuazione di caretteri quantitativi diacritici in Corallina mediterranea Areschoug e C. officinalis Linneo (Corallinaceae - Rhodophyceae). Boll. Soc. Adriat. Sci. nat. 61: 1-10.
Brodie, J., Walker, R.H., Williamson, C. & Irvine, L.M. (2013). Epitypification and redescription of Corallina officinalis L., the type of the genus, and C. elongata Ellis et Solander (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 34(1): 49-56.
Cases, M.R., Stortz, C.A. & Cerezo, A.S. (1994). Structure of the "coalinans"-sulfated xylogalactans from Corallina officinalis. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 16: 93-97.
Dommasnes, A. (1969). On the fauna of Corallina officinalis L. in western Norway. Sarsia 38: 71-86.
Hilditch, C.M., Balding, P., Jenkins, R., Smith, A.J. & Rogers, L.J. (1991). R-phycoerythrin from the macroalga Corallina officinalis (Rhodophyceae) and application of a derived phycofluor probe for detecting sugar-binding sites on cell membranes. Journal of Applied Phycology 3: 345-354.
Hind, K.R., Gabrielson, P.W., Lindstrom, S.C. & Martone, P.T. (2014). Misleading morphologies and the importance of sequencing type specimens for resolving coralline taxonomy (Corallinales, Rhodophyta): Pachyarthron cretaceum is Corallina officinalis (Note). Journal of Phycology 50(4): 760-764.
Iglesias, M.Y. & Mendoza, M.L. (1981). Estudios sobre los componentes minerales de aplicación agrícola de Corallina officinalis L. y Bossiella orbigniana (Decaisne) Silva con especial referencia a la variación estacional del contenido de carbonato de calcio. Contribuciónes Técnicas (CIBIMA) 34: 12.
Kim, J.-H., Min, J., Kang, E.J. & Kim, K.Y. (2018). Elevated temperature and changed carbonate chemistry: effects on calcification, photosynthesis, and growth of Corallina officinalis (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 57(3): 280-286.
Littler, M.M. & Kauker, B.J. (1984). Heterotrichy and survival strategies in the red alga Corallina officinalis. Botanica Marina 27: 37-44.
Matty, P.J. & Johansen, H.W. (1981). A histochemical study of Corallina officinalis (Rhodophyta, Corallinaceae). Phycologia 20: 46-55.
Peel, M.C. (1976). Nuclear ultrastructure during sporogenesis in Corallina officinalis L. and Jania rubens (L.) Lamour. British Phycological Journal 11: 198.
Peel, M.C. (1985). Chloroplast structure in Corallina officinalis. British Phycological Journal 20: 190.
Peel, M.C., Lucas, I.A.N., Duckett, J.G. & Greenwood, A.D. (1973). Studies of sporogenesis in the Rhodophyta I. An association of the nuclei with endoplasmic reticulum in post-meiotic tetraspore mother cells of Corallina officinalis L.. Z Zellforsch 147: 59-74.
Pentecost, A. (1978). Calcification and photosynthesis in Corallina officinalis L. using the 14CO2 method. British Phycological Journal 13: 383-390, 6 figs, 2 tables.
Pueschel, C.M., Miller, T.J. & McCausland, B.B. (1996). Development of epithallial cells in Corallina officinalis and Lithophyllum impressum (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 35: 161-169.
Sheffield, D.J., Harry, T., Smith, A.J. & Rogers, L.J. (1993). Purification and characterization of the Vanadium bromoperoxidase from the macroalga Corallina officinalis. Phytochemistry 32(1): 21-26.
Sheffield, D.J., Smith, A.J., Harry, T.R. & Rogers, L.J. (1993). Thermostability of the vanadium bromoperoxidase from Corallina officinalis. Biochemical Society Transactions 21: 445.
Turvey, J.R. & Simpson, P.R. (1966). Polysaccharides from Corallina officinalis. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 5: 323-327.
Yesson, Y., Jackson, A., Russell, S., Williamson, C.J. & Brodie, J. (2018). SNPs reveal geographical population structure of Corallina officinalis (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 53(2): 180-188.
Yildiz, G., Hofmann, L.C., Bischof, K. & Dere, S. (2013). Ultraviolet radiation modulates the physiological responses of the calcified rhodophyte Corallina officinalis to elevated CO2. Botanica Marina 56(2): 161-168.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 September 2021.

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