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Lithothamnion corallioides (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1867

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Lithothamniaceae
Tribe Lithothamnieae
Genus Lithothamnion


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Lithothamnion corallioides (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) P.Crouan & H.Crouan
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithothamnion corallioides (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) P.Crouan & H.Crouan
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

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Polysiphonia tongatensis var. upolensis Grunow

Lithothamnion corallioides (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) P.Crouan & H.Crouan Mediterranean
© Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it)

Publication details
Lithothamnion corallioides (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1867: 151, pl. 20, figs 8-10

Published in: Crouan, P.L. & Crouan, H.M. (1867). Florule du Finistère contenant les descriptions de 360 espèces nouvelles de sporogames, de nombreuses observations et une synonymic des plantes cellulaires et vasculaires qui croissent spontanément dans ce département, accompagnées de trente-deux planches où est représentée l'organographie, faite sur l'état vif, des fruits et des tissus de 198 genres d'algues avec la plante grandeur naturelle ou réduite plus une planche supplémentaire où sont figures 24 champignons nouveaux. pp. [i]-x, [1]-262, frontisp., pi. 1-31, + 1 suppl. pl., coloured liths. by H. Crouan. Paris & Brest: Friedrich Klincksieck & J.B. et A. Lefournier.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Lithothamnion is Lithothamnion muelleri Lenormand ex Rosanoff.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Spongites corallioides P.Crouan & H.Crouan

Type information
Type locality: Rade de Brest, Finistère, Bretagne, France (Woelkerling 1998: 391). Neotype: collector not indicated but like to be P.L. & H.M. Crouan; date not indicated; no habitat data on type. BM Algues marines du Finistère, No. 242 (Irvine & Chamberlain 1994: 180). Notes: Isoneotypes: PC, Algues marines du Finistere no. 242, Thuret-Bornet Herbarium (algal fascicle 131, filed under Lithothamnion), includes printed label; PC, Algues marines du Finistere no. 242, Cryptogamic Library in the seperately preserved exsiccata, includes printed label; PC, no. 242, General Herbarium box collection (non-fossil; filed in non-geniculate coralline type collections cabinet under basionym) (Woelkerling, 1993: 390).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Mesophyllum corallioides (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Me.Lemoine
Spongites corallioides P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1852
Lithothamnion calcareum f. corallioides (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Foslie 1905
Lithothamnion rubrum f. corallioides (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Heydrich 1911

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion corallioides f. minutum Foslie 1899
Lithothamnion corallioides f. subvalidum Foslie 1899
Lithothamnion corallioides f. compressum Heydrich 1901
Lithothamnion fruticulosum f. solutum Foslie 1905
Lithothamnion solutum f. effusa Foslie 1906
Lithothamnion solutum (Foslie) Foslie 1908
Paraspora fruticulosa f. soluta (Foslie) Heydrich 1908
Lithothamnion calcareum f. subvalidum (Foslie) Me.Lemoine 1910
Lithothamnion rubrum f. crassum (Heydrich) Heydrich 1911
Lithothamnion rubrum f. minutum (Foslie) Heydrich 1911
Lithophyllum solutum (Foslie) Me.Lemoine 1915
Lithothamnion corallioides f. globosum Cabioch 1966
Lithothamnion corallioides var. minimum Cabioch 1966

Distributional notes
Records for Norway are doubtfully correct and re-examination of specimens from Scotland revealed Lithothamnion glaciale (Irvine & Chamberlain, 1994: 180; Jason Spenser-Hall, pers.comm.). The northerly limit is probably on the west coast of Ireland. Records from Mauritania and the Cape Verde Islands have not been confirmed (Irvine & Chamberlain, 1994: 180).

Habitat notes
Living at depths of 44 to 93 m; very abundant in maerl, at 33-35 m depth (Basso 1995). - (29 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Lithothamnion corallioides (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) P.Crouan & H.Crouan)
English: Maerl (Bunker & al. 2010).

Gaeilge: Griuán (Anon. 2000).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Basso, D. (1995). Living calcareous algae by a paleontological approach: the genus Lithothamnion Heydrich nom. cons. from the soft bottoms of the Tyrrhenian Sea (Mediterranean). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 101: 349-366.

Blake, C. & Maggs, C.A. (2003). Comparative growth rates and internal banding periodicity of maerl species (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) from northern Europe. Phycologia 42: 606-612.

Bressan, G. & Babbini, L. (2003). Biodiversità marina delle coste Italiane: Corallinales del Mar Mediterraneo: guida all deteminazione. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 10(Suppl. 2): 1-237.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Hernández-Kantún, J.J., Riosmena-Rodriguez, R., Hall-Spencer, J.M., Peña, V., Maggs, C.A. & Rindi, F. (2015). Phylogenetic analysis of rhodolith formation in the Corallinales (Rhodophyte). European Journal of Phycology 50(1): 46-61.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 1 Rødalger (Rhodophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 7: [1]-398, col. figs and distributional maps.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Serio, D., Alongi, G., Catra, M., Cormaci, M. & Furnari, G. (2006). Changes in the benthic algal flora of Linosa Island (Straits of Sicily, Mediterranean Sea). Botanica Marina 49: 135-144.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 14 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 19135 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Hall-Spencer, J.M. (1995). Lithothamnion corallioides (P. & H. Crouan) P. & H. Crouan may not extend into Scottish waters. Coralline News 20: 1-3.
Hamberg, M., Gerwick, W.H. & Åsen, P.A. (1992). Linoleic acid metabolism in the red alga Lithothamnion corallioides - biosynthesis of 11(R)-Hydroxy-9(Z), 12(Z)-octadecadienoic acid. Lipids 27(7): 487-493.
Mendoza, M.L. & Cabioch, J. (1998). Étude comparée de la reproduction de Phymatolithon calcareum (Pallas) Adey & McKibbin et Lithothamnion corallioides (P. & H. Crouan) P. & H. Crouan (Corallinales, Rhodophyta), et reconsidérations sur la définition des genres. Canadian Journal of Botany 76(8): 1433-1445.
Noisette, F., Duong, G., Six, C., Davoult, D. & Martin, S. (2013). Effects of elevated pCO2 on the metabolism of a temperate rhodolith Lithothamnion corallioides grown under different temperatures. Journal of Phycology 49(4): 746-757.
Peña, V. & Bárbara, I. (2004). Diferenciación morfológica y anatómica entre Lithothamnion corallioides y Phymatolithon calcareum (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) en dos bancos de maërl de la Ría de Arousa (N.O. Península Ibérica). Anales de Biología 26: 21-27.
Potin, P., Floc'h, J. Y., Augris, C. & Cabioch, J. (1990). Annual growth rate of the calcareous red alga Lithothamnion corallioides (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) in the Bay of Brest, France. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 263-267.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 April 2021.

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