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Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine 1986

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Lithothamniaceae
Tribe Phymatolitheae
Genus Phymatolithon

Pictures

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Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; plants at MLWS. 18 Apr 2003. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine
Spanish Point, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower intertidal rock under Fucus. 04 Aug 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

 

Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; plants at MLWS
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine 1986: 71

Published in: Woelkerling, W.J. & Irvine, L.M. (1986). The typification and status of Phymatolithon (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). British Phycological Journal 21: 55-80, 18 figs.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phymatolithon is Phymatolithon polymorphum Foslie.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Lithothamnion purpureum P.Crouan & H.Crouan

Type information
Lectotype locality: Mingant, near Brest, Finistère, France (Silva & al. 1996: 266). Lectotype: CO (Woelkerling & Irvine 1986: 69, 71). Notes: This type locality was first recorded by Woelkerling & L. Irvine (1986: 69, 71)

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), purple (Stearn 1985).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion purpureum P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1867

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. papillatum Foslie 1895
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. tuberculatum Foslie 1895
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. validum Foslie 1895
Phymatolithon polymorphum f. sublaeve Foslie 1905
Phymatolithon polymorphum f. tuberculatum (Foslie) Foslie 1905
Phymatolithon polymorphum f. validum (Foslie) Foslie 1905
Phymatolithon polymorphum f. papillatum (Foslie) Foslie 1905
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. intermedium Foslie 1908
Phymatolithon polymorphum f. intermedium Foslie 1908
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. sublaeve A.D.Zinova 1955
Phymatolithon boreale W.H.Adey, Hernandez-Kantun & P.W.Gabrielson 2018

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Lithothamnion purpureum P.Crouan & H.Crouan)
Europe: Britain (Jeong et al. 2019 ), France (Jeong et al. 2019 ), Ireland (Jeong et al. 2019 ), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016).

(as Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine)
Arctic: Arctic Russia (Vinogradova 2010), Barents Sea (Malavenda 2018), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Fredriksen & al. 2019), White Sea (Mikhaylova 2017).

Atlantic Islands: Cape Verde Islands (John & al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005, Gabriel & Fredericq 2019).

Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Nielsen & al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie & al. 2016, Hernández-Kantún & al. 2017), Denmark (Nielsen & Lundsteen 2019), Faroe Islands (Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017, Hernández-Kantún & al. 2017), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Hernández- Kantún et al. 2015, Peña et al. 2015, Hernández-Kantún & al. 2017), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001, Hernández-Kantún & al. 2017), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Bárbara & al. 2005), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

Africa: South Africa (Silva & al. 1996).

South-east Asia: Myanmar (Burma) (Silva & al. 1996).

Asia: Commander Islands (Klochkova & al. 2021), Russia (Far East) (Perestenko 1996, Selivanova 2002), Russia (Sea of Japan) (Kozhenkova 2020).

(as Phymatolithon boreale W.H.Adey, Hernandez-Kantun & P.W.Gabrielson)
Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Nash & Adey 2017 ).

Europe: Norway (Nash & Adey 2017 ).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Hernández-Kantún, J.J., Riosmena-Rodriguez, R., Hall-Spencer, J.M., Peña, V., Maggs, C.A. & Rindi, F. (2015). Phylogenetic analysis of rhodolith formation in the Corallinales (Rhodophyte). European Journal of Phycology 50(1): 46-61.

Irvine, L.M. & Woelkerling, W.J. (1986). Proposal to conserve Phymatolithon against Apora (Rhodophyta: Corallinaceae). Taxon 35: 731-733.

Jeong, S.Y., Won, B.Y., Hassel, K. & Cho, T.O. (2019). Revision of Phymatolithon purpureum (Hapalidiales, Rhodophyta) based on ultrastructural and molecular data. European Journal of Phycology 54(3): 326-341.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 1 Rødalger (Rhodophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 7: [1]-398, col. figs and distributional maps.

Vinogradova, K.L. (2010). Taxonomic review of the Corallinales (Rhodophyta) in the northern Russian seas. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 95(5): 667-681, 6 pls.

Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 14 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8324 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Jeong, S.Y., Won, B.Y., Hassel, K. & Cho, T.O. (2019). Revision of Phymatolithon purpureum (Hapalidiales, Rhodophyta) based on ultrastructural and molecular data. European Journal of Phycology 54(3): 326-341.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 May 2021.

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