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Phyllophora pseudoceranoïdes (S.G.Gmelin) Newroth & A.R.A.Taylor ex P.S.Dixon & L.M.Irvine 1977

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Phyllophoraceae
Genus Phyllophora


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Phyllophora pseudoceranoïdes (S.G.Gmelin) Newroth & A.R.A.Taylor ex P.S.Dixon & L.M.Irvine
Silver Strand, Galway Bay, Ireland; lower-shore rock-pools. 05 Apr 2012. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Phyllophora pseudoceranoïdes (S.G.Gmelin) Newroth & A.R.A.Taylor ex P.S.Dixon & L.M.Irvine
Silver Strand, Galway Bay, Ireland; lower-shore roack-pools. 05 Apr 2012. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Phyllophora pseudoceranoïdes (S.G.Gmelin) Newroth & A.R.A.Taylor ex P.S.Dixon & L.M.Irvine
Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).


Dilophus kohlmeyeri Nizamuddin & Gerloff

Phyllophora pseudoceranoïdes (S.G.Gmelin) Newroth & A.R.A.Taylor ex P.S.Dixon & L.M.Irvine Silver Strand, Galway Bay, Ireland; lower-shore roack-pools
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Phyllophora pseudoceranoïdes (S.G.Gmelin) Newroth & A.R.A.Taylor ex P.S.Dixon & L.M.Irvine 1977: 223

Published in: Newroth, P.R. & Taylor, A.R.A. (1971). The nomenclature of the North Atlantic species of Phyllophora Greville. Phycologia 10: 93-97.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phyllophora is Phyllophora rubens (Linnaeus) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus pseudoceranoïdes S.G.Gmelin

Type information
Type locality: England (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 223). Lectotype: BM-SL (Newroth & Taylor 1971: 95, fig 3). Notes: See also Dixon & Irvine (1977: 223).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus pseudoceranoïdes S.G.Gmelin 1768

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Phyllophora membranifolia f. baltica Areschoug
Fucus fimbriatus Hudson 1778
Fucus membranifolius Goodenough & Woodward 1797
Fucus membranifolius C.Agardh 1810
Sphaerococcus membranifolius (Goodenough & Woodward) C.Agardh 1817
Sphaerococcus membranifolius var. angustissimus C.Agardh 1817
Sphaerococcus membranifolius var. fibrillosus C.Agardh 1817
Sphaerococcus brodiei var. angustissimus (C.Agardh) C.Agardh 1822
Sphaerococcus membranifolius var. pinnatus C.Agardh 1822
Chondrus membranifolius Greville 1830
Phyllophora membranifolia (Goodenough & Woodward) J.Agardh 1842
Phyllotylus membranifolius (Goodenough & Woodward) Kützing 1843
Agarum membranifolium (Goodenough & Woodward) Trevisan 1845
Phyllophora membranifolia var. angustissima (C.Agardh) Krok 1869
Phyllophora membranifolia var. fibrillosa (C.Agardh) Krok 1869
Phyllophora membranifolia f. fibrillosa (C.Agardh) Svedelius 1901
Phyllophora membranifolia f. angustissima (C.Agardh) Sjöstedt 1920

Nomenclatural notes
Combination introduced in Newroth & A.R.A.Taylor (1971: 95) is invalid (INA) as the page number is not cited: after 1 Jan 1953, a full and direct reference is required to the author and place of valid publication of the intended basionym, with page or plate reference and date (ICN Art. 41.5). - (7 Feb 2017) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Epilithic, in pools in the lower littoral, sublittoral to 12 m (Dixon & Irvine 1977). - (17 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Phyllophora pseudoceranoïdes (S.G.Gmelin) Newroth & A.R.A.Taylor ex P.S.Dixon & L.M.Irvine)
English: Stalked Leaf Bearer (Bunker & al. 2010).

Swedish: Blåtonat rödblad (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Cartilaginous, purplish or reddish-brown fronds, to 100 mm high, with narrow, cylindrical, irregularly dichotomously branched stipes arising from small discoid holdfasts and expanding into flat fan-shaped laminae.

Shady sides of pools in lower intertidal and on rock subtidally. Widely distributed, frequent.

Similar species
Phyllophora sicula, rasre on southern and western coasts occurs on rock in the extreme lower intertidal in Ireland and England; its fronds are less divided and arise in clusters from a thin, expanded, discoid base frequently buried in sand.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Phyllophora membranifolia (Goodenough & Woodward) J.Agardh)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920), France (Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974), Ireland (Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cullinane 1971), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1944).

(as Phyllophora pseudoceranoïdes (S.G.Gmelin) Newroth & A.R.A.Taylor ex P.S.Dixon & L.M.Irvine)
Arctic: Alaska (Arctic) (Mathieson & Hehre 1986).

Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Nielsen & al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Dixon & Irvine 1977, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie & al. 2016, Bunker & al. 2017), Denmark (Larsen & Sand-Jensen 2006, Lundsteen & Nielsen 2015, Nielsen & Lundsteen 2019), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Coppejans & Kling 1995, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Guiry 1978, De Valéra & al. 1979, Maggs 1983, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Bunker & al. 2017), Italy (Furnari & al. 2003), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga & al. 1997), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Romania (Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Conde Poyales 1992), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016), Sweden (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

North America: Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979), Maine (Mathieson & al. 2001, Schneider et al. 2011), New Brunswick (Bates & al. 2005), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Hehre 1986, Mathieson & Dawes 2002), Nova Scotia (Schneider et al. 2011).

Africa: Tunisia (Meñez & Mathieson 1981, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987).

Middle East: Turkey (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin & al. 2008 , Taskin & al. 2008 , Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Bates, C.R., Saunders, G.W. & Chopin, T. (2005). An assessment of two taxonomic distinctness indices for detecting seaweed assemblage responses to environmental stress. Botanica Marina 48: 231-243.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Larsen, A. & Sand-Jensen, K. (2005). Salt tolerance and distribution of estuarine benthic macroalgae in the Kattegat-Baltic Sea area. Phycologia 45: 13-23.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Lundsteen, S. & Nielsen, R. (2015). Coccotylus brodiei, C. truncatus and other Phyllophoraceae (Rhodophyta) in Danish waters. Forum om Marin Bundfauna og –Flora 2: 1-20.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Newroth, P.R. (1971). Redescriptions of five species of Phyllophora and an artificial key to the North Atlantic Phyllophoraceae. British Phycological Journal 6: 225-230.

Newroth, P.R. (1971). The distribution of Phyllophora in the North Atlantic and Arctic regions. Canadian Journal of Botany 49(6): 1017-1024. [in English]

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 1 Rødalger (Rhodophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 7: [1]-398, col. figs and distributional maps.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6003 times since it was created.

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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Molenaar, F.J. & Breeman, A.M. (1994). Ecotypic variation in Phyllophora pseudoceranoides (Rhodophyta) ensures winter reproduction throughout its geographic range. Journal of Phycology 30: 392-402, 8 figs, 6 tables.
Newroth, P.R. (1972). Studies on life histories in the Phyllophoraceae II. Phyllophora pseudoceranoides and notes on P. crispa and P. heredia (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). Phycologia 11: 99-107.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 November 2020.

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