159,637 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,560 images, 62,362 bibliographic items, 465,189 distributional records.

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders 2006

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Laminariales
Family Laminariaceae
Genus Saccharina

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
subtidal with Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
subtidal, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, upper subtidal, Ría de A. Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, upper subtidal, Ría de A. Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, upper subtidal, Ría de A. Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, upper subtidal, Ría de A. Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, upper subtidal, Ría de A. Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, lower intertidal, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2004, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, lower intertidal, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2004, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders
Saccharina latissima, lower intertidal, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2004, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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56 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Enteromorpha complanata var. confervacea Kützing

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders Saccharina latissima, subtidal (8 m), Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders 2006: 509

Published in: Lane, C.E., Mayes, C., Druehl, L.D. & Saunders, G.W. (2006). A multi-gene molecular investigation of the kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) supports substantial taxonomic re-organization. Journal of Phycology 42: 493-512.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Saccharina is Saccharina plana Stackhouse.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Ulva latissima Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: Europe (Index Nominum Algarum).

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), widest, very wide.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Ulva latissima Linnaeus 1753
Ulva lactuca var. latissima (Linnaeus) A.P.De Candolle 1805
Phycoseris latissima (Linnaeus) Fraudenfeld 1854

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus saccharinus Linnaeus 1753
Ulva latissima Gunnerus 1766
Ulva maxima Gunnerus 1776
Ulva longissima Gunnerus 1776
Ulva fusca Hudson 1778
Fucus phyllitis Stackhouse 1796
Ceramium phyllitis (Stackhouse) Stackhouse 1797
Fucus saccharinus var. bullatus Goodenough & Woodward 1797
Ceramium saccharinum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse 1797
Ulva phyllitis (Stackhouse) A.P.de Candolle 1805
Saccharina plana Stackhouse 1809
Saccharina bullata (Goodenough & Woodward) Stackhouse 1809
Fucus saccharinus var. latissimus Turner 1811
Laminaria saccharina (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Laminaria phyllitis (Stackhouse) C.Agardh 1817
Laminaria saccharina var. latissima C.Agardh 1817
Laminaria saccharina var. bullata C.Agardh 1817
Palmaria phyllitis (Stackhouse) Nees 1820
Laminaria membranacea S.F.Gray 1821
Laminaria caperata Bachelot Pylaie 1824
Fucus saccharinus var. angusto-bullatus Wahlenberg 1826
Laminaria stackhousei Bory 1826
Laminaria saccharina f. linearis J.Agardh 1848
Laminaria saccharina f. prima J.Agardh 1851
Laminaria saccharina var. phyllitis (Stackhouse) Le Jolis 1863
Laminaria saccharina f. membranacea J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria hieroglyphica J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria caperata var. lanceolata J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria caperata var. obovata J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria caperata var. oblonga J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria caperata var. eliptica J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria saccharina var. oblonga J.Agardh 1868
Laminaria agardhii Kjellman 1877
Laminaria maxima (Gunnerus) Kjellman 1877
Laminaria saccharina var. caperata (Bachelot Pylaie) Farlow 1881
Laminaria saccharina f. latissima Kjellman 1883
Laminaria saccharina f. oblonga (J.Agardh) Kjellman 1883
Laminaria saccharina f. phyllitis (Stackhouse) Hauck 1884
Laminaria saccharina f. longissima (Gunnerus) Foslie 1884
Laminaria saccharina f. borealis Foslie 1884
Laminaria saccharina var. membranacea (J.Agardh) Kjellman 1890
Laminaria saccharina var. sublaevis Kjellman 1890
Laminaria saccharina var. grandis Kjellman 1890
Laminaria saccharina f. latifolia (Kjellman) Kjellman 1890
Laminaria saccharina f. typica Kjellman 1890
Saccharina phyllitis (Stackhouse) Kuntze 1891
Laminaria groenlandica Rosenvinge 1893
Laminaria longicruris var. faeroensis Børgesen 1896
Phycodendrum groenlandicum (Rosenvinge) Kuntze 1898
Laminaria saccharina f. caperata (Bachelot Pylaie) Setchell 1900
Laminaria faeroensis (Børgesen) Børgesen 1902
Laminaria faeroensis f. sacchariniformis Børgesen 1902
Laminaria phyllopus Kjellman 1906
Laminaria saccharina f. bullata (C.Agardh) Kylin 1907
Laminaria saccharina f. sublaevis (Kjellman) Kylin 1907
Saccharina groenlandica (Rosenvinge) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders 2006

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Laminaria saccharina (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux)
Chinese: Hai Dai, Kouanpon, Hai-Houan, Yan Tsai, Chai Tai, Hai Tai, Kunpu (Madlener 1977).

English: Sea belt, Poor man's weather glass (Duddington 1966), Sweet Wrack, Sugar Wrack, Sugar Tang, Oarweed, Tangle, Kelp, Sugar Sea Belt, Sweet Tangle (Madlener 1977), Sugarwrack (Rhoads & Zunic 1978), Zuckertang (Braune 2008).

French: Laminaire sucrée (Boisvert 1984).

Gaeilge: Rufaí, Ribíní (Brennan 1950), Rufa, Láin (Anonymous 1978), Cupóg na gCloch, Lásaí Fruill, Réaban, Madraí, Madraí rua (Anon. 2000).

German: See-Palme (Braune 2008).

Japanese: Karafuto Kombu, Karafuto Tororo Kombu, Kan-Hoa (Madlener 1977).

Portuguese: Rabeiro (Oliveira, 1990).

(as Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders)
English: Sugar Kelp (Bunker & al. 2010).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Ulva latissima Linnaeus)
Arctic: Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen & al. 1999).

Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Hooker 1811).

Europe: Ireland (Sanders 1860, McMillan & Morton 1979).

Africa: Mauritius (Børgesen 1946).

Indian Ocean Islands: Rodrigues Island (De Clerck & al. 2004).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

Asia: Korea (Lee & Kang 2001), Kurile Islands (Nagai 1940).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Chapman 1956).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013).

(as Fucus saccharinus Linnaeus)
Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Hooker 1811).

Europe: Ireland (Tighe 1803, Anonymous 1818).

(as Fucus phyllitis Stackhouse)
Europe: Ireland (Tighe 1803).

(as Ulva lactuca var. latissima (Linnaeus) A.P.De Candolle)
Europe: Balearic Islands (Rodríguez y Femenías 1889), Britain (Newton 1931), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920), Spain (Lázaro Ibiza 1889, Fischer-Piette, C. & Seoane-Camba, J. (1962), Seoane-Camba 1965).

North America: Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979), Florida (Dawes 1974).

Central America: Panama (Wysor & Kooistra 2003).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1930), Chile (Taylor 1939), Peru (Dawson, Acleto & Foldvik 1964 ).

Middle East: Egypt (Papenfuss 1968), Jordan (Papenfuss 1968), Yemen (Papenfuss 1968).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014 ).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990).

Subantarctic Islands: Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas (Taylor 1939).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Antarctica/Subantarctic Islands (Papenfuss 1964).

(as Laminaria saccharina (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Taylor 1957, Lee 1980), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen & al. 1999).

Atlantic Islands: E. Greenland (Lund 1959, Pedersen 1976), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972), Madeira (Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001 , John & al. 2004).

Europe: Baltic Sea (Nielsen & al. 1995), Britain (Newton 1931, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Marconi et al. 2011), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961, Dixon 1961), Denmark (Larsen & Sand-Jensen 2006), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Coppejans & Kling 1995, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Engel et al. 2008, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996, Hünken et al 2005), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cotton 1913, Cullinane 1971, Pybus 1977, Guiry 1978, De Valéra & al. 1979, Maggs 1983, Whelan & Cullinane 1985, Morton 1994), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga & al. 1997), Norway (Jaasund 1965, Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (De Mesquita Rodrigues 1963, Ardré 1970), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Miranda 1931, Miranda 1934, Anadón 1983, Pérez-Cirera 1989, Perez-Cirera, Cremades, Bárbara & Lopez 1991, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Bárbara & al. 2005, Peña & Bárbara 2008, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1947).

North America: Alaska (Saunders 1901, Lindstrom 1977, Scagel & al. 1989, Mondragon & Mondragon 2003), Aleutian Islands (Mondragon & Mondragon 2003), British Columbia (Scagel & al. 1989, Druehl et al 2005), California (Scagel & al. 1989, Mondragon & Mondragon 2003 ), Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979), Labrador (Taylor 1957), Maine (Mathieson & al. 2001), Massachusetts (Taylor 1957), New Brunswick (Lane & al. 2006), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Hehre 1986, Mathieson & Dawes 2002), Newfoundland (Taylor 1957), Oregon (Hansen 1997), Québec (Taylor 1957), Washington (Scagel & al. 1989).

Asia: Japan (Holmes 1896), Kamchatka (Vozzhinskaja 1965).

(as Laminaria phyllitis (Stackhouse) C.Agardh)
Arctic: Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen & al. 1999).

Europe: Ireland (Drummond 1837).

(as Laminaria saccharina var. latissima C.Agardh)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Ireland (Cotton 1912).

(as Laminaria saccharina var. bullata C.Agardh)
Europe: Sweden (Kylin 1947 ).

(as Laminaria caperata Bachelot Pylaie)
Arctic: Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen & al. 1999).

Europe: Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996).

(as Laminaria saccharina f. linearis J.Agardh)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931 ).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998), Korea (Lee & Kang 2001 ).

(as Laminaria saccharina var. phyllitis (Stackhouse) Le Jolis)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Ireland (Cotton 1912).

(as Laminaria hieroglyphica J.Agardh)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Ireland (Adams 1908).

(as Laminaria agardhii Kjellman)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Taylor 1957, Lee 1980), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen & al. 1999).

Europe: Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996).

North America: Labrador (Taylor 1957), Maine (Taylor 1957), Massachusetts (Taylor 1957), New Jersey (Taylor 1957).

(as Laminaria saccharina var. caperata (Bachelot Pylaie) Farlow)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931).

(as Laminaria saccharina f. phyllitis (Stackhouse) Hauck)
North America: Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979), Maine (Taylor 1957).

(as Laminaria saccharina var. sublaevis Kjellman)
Europe: Sweden (Kylin 1947 ).

(as Laminaria groenlandica Rosenvinge)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Taylor 1957, Lee 1980).

Atlantic Islands: E. Greenland (Lund 1959).

North America: Alaska (Lindstrom 1977, Scagel & al. 1989), British Columbia (Scagel & al. 1989, Lane & al. 2006), California (Scagel & al. 1989), Labrador (Taylor 1957), Oregon (Hansen 1997), Washington (Scagel & al. 1989).

(as Laminaria saccharina f. caperata (Bachelot Pylaie) Setchell)
North America: Maine (Taylor 1957), Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Taylor 1957).

(as Laminaria faeroensis (Børgesen) Børgesen)
Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

Europe: Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001).

(as Laminaria phyllopus Kjellman)
Europe: Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996).

(as Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders)
Arctic: Barents Sea (Malavenda 2018), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Fredriksen & Kile 2012, Hop et al. 2012 , Fredriksen et al. 2014, Heinrich et al. 2015, Fredriksen & al. 2019), White Sea (Smirnova & Mikhailova 2013, Garbary & Tarakhovskaya 2013).

Atlantic Islands: Greenland (Pedersen 2011).

Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Kientz et al. 2011, Brodie & al. 2016), Denmark (McDevit & Saunders 2010, Nielsen et al. 2016, Nielsen & Lundsteen 2019), France (Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Ireland (McDevit & Saunders 2010, Guiry 2012), Netherlands (Lubsch & Timmermans 2019), Norway (Heinrich et al. 2012, Andersen et al. 2013, Husa, Steem & Sjøtun 2014, Ebbing et al. 2020), Portugal (Araújo & al. 2009), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018), Spain (Fernández 2011), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016), Sweden (Vilg et al. 2015).

North America: Alaska (Lindeberg & Lindstrom 2010, Spurkland & Iken 2011), Baffin Island (Küpper et al. 2016), British Columbia (McDevit & Saunders 2010), California (Miller 2012), Maine (McDevit & Saunders 2010, Breton et al. 2018), Manitoba (McDevit & Saunders 2010, Saunders & McDevit 2013), New Brunswick (McDevit & Saunders 2010), New Hampshire (Field et al. 2018), Newfoundland (McDevit & Saunders 2010), Nova Scotia (McDevit & Saunders 2010), Rhode Island (McDevit & Saunders 2010), Washington (McDowell et al. 2015).

South-west Asia: India (Rao & Gupta 2015).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), Russia (Selivanova, Zhigadlova & Hansen 2007 ).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013).

(as Saccharina groenlandica (Rosenvinge) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders)
North America: Alaska (Lindeberg & Lindstrom 2010), British Columbia (McDevit & Saunders 2010, Starko & Martone 2016), Manitoba (McDevit & Saunders 2010, Saunders & McDevit 2013), New Brunswick (McDevit & Saunders 2010), Newfoundland (McDevit & Saunders 2010), Nova Scotia (McDevit & Saunders 2010).

Key references
Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Longtin, C.M. & Saunders, G.W. (2015). On the utility of mucilage ducts as a taxonomic character in Laminaria and Saccharina (Phaeophyceae) - the conundrum of S. groenlandica. Phycologia 54(5): 440-450.

Lüning, K. & Mortensen, L. (2015). European aquaculture of sugar kelp (Saccharina latissima) for food industries: iodine content and epiphytic animals as major problems. Botanica Marina 58(6): 449-455.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

McDevit, D.C. & Saunders, G.W. (2010). A DNA barcode examination of the Laminariaceae (Phaeophyceae) in Canada reveals novel biogeographical and evolutionary insights. Phycologia 49(3): 235-248.

Nielsen, M.M., Paulino, C., Neiva, J., Krause-Jensen, D., Bruhn, A. & Serrão, E.A. (2016). Genetic diversity of Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae) along a salinity gradient in the North Sea-Baltic transition zone. Journal of Phycology 52(4): 523-531.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Created: 01 June 2006 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 29588 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)



Andersen, G.S., Pedersen, M.F. & Nielsen, S.L. (2013). Temperature acclimation and heat tolerance of photosynthesis in Norwegian Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 49(4): 689-700.
Azevedo, I.C., Duarte, P.M., Marinho, G.S., Neumann, F. & Sousa-Pinto, I. (2019). Growth of Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) cultivated offshore under exposed conditions. Phycologia 58(5): 504-515.
Breton, T.S., Nettleton, J.C., O'Connell, B. & Bertocci, M. (2018). Fine-scale population genetic structure of sugar kelp, Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae), in eastern Maine, USA. Phycology 57(1): 32-40.
Ebbing, A., Pierik, R., Bouman, T., Kromkamp, J.C. & Timmermans, K. (2020). How light and biomass density influence the reproduction of delayed Saccharina latissima gametophytes (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 56(3): 709-718.
Freitas, J.R.C., Salinas Morrondo, J.M. & Cremades Ugarte, J. (2016). Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Ochrophyta) farming in an industrial IMTA system in Galicia (Spain). J. Appl. Phycol. 28(1): 377-385.
Heinrich, S., Frickenhaus, S., Glochner, G. & Valentin, K. (2012). A comprehensive cDNA library of light- and temperature-stressed Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 47(2): 83-94.
Heinrich, S., Valentin, K., Frickenhaus, S. & Wiencke, C. (2015). Temperature and light interactively modulate gene expression in Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 51(1): 93-108.
Íñiguez, C., Carmona, R., Lorenzo, M.R., Niell, F.X., Wiencke, C. & Gordillo, F.J.L. (2016). Increased temperature, rather than elevated CO2, modulates the carbon assimilation of the Artic kelps Saccharina latissima and Laminaria solidungula. Marine Biology 163(12): 248-266.
Lubsch, A. & Timmermans, K.R. (2019). Uptake kinetics and storage capacity of dissolved inorganic phosphorus and corresponding dissolved inorganic nitrate uptake in Saccharina latissima and Laminaria digitata (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 55(3): 637-650.
Lüning, K. & Mortensen, L. (2015). European aquaculture of sugar kelp (Saccharina latissima) for food industries: iodine content and epiphytic animals as major problems. Botanica Marina 58(6): 449-455.
McDowell, R.E., Amsler, M.O., Li, Q., Lancaster, J.R., Jr. & Amsler, C.D. (2015). The immediate wound-induced oxidative burst of Saccharina latissima depends on light via photosynthetic electron transport. Journal of Phycology 51(3): 431-441.
Neiva, J., Paulino, C., Nielsen, M., Krause-Jensen, D., Saunders, G., Assis, J., Bárbara, I., Tamigneaux, É., Gouveia, L., Aires, T., Marbá, N., Bruhn, A., Pearson, G. & Serrao, E. (2018). Glacial vicariance drives phylogeographic diversification in the amphi-boreal kelp Saccharina latissima. Scientific Reports 8: 1112; doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-19620-7.
Nielsen, M.M., Paulino, C., Neiva, J., Krause-Jensen, D., Bruhn, A. & Serrão, E.A. (2016). Genetic diversity of Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae) along a salinity gradient in the North Sea-Baltic transition zone. Journal of Phycology 52(4): 523-531.
Olischläger, M., Íñiguez, C., Koch, K., Wiencke, C. & Gordillo, F.J.L. (2017). Increased pCO2 and temperature reveal ecotypic differences in growth and photosynthetic performance of temperate and Arctic populations of Saccharina latissima. Planta 245(1): 119-136.
Paulino, C., Neiva, J., Coehlo, N.C., Aires, T., Marbà, N., Krause-Jensen, D.& Serrão E.A. (2016). Characterization of 12 polymorphic microsatellite markers in the sugar kelp Saccharina latissima. J. Appl. Phycol. 28(5): 3071-3074.
Pérez Cordero, S., Ribamar Da Cruz Freitas Junior, J. & Cremades Ugarte, J. (2012). Optimización del cultivo de Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en sistemas IMTA en la Ría de Ares y Betanzos (A Coruña). Algas, Bol. Soc. Esp. Ficol. 46: 19.
Peteiro, C. & Freire, Ó. (2011). Offshore cultivation methods affects blade features of the edible seaweed Saccharina latissima in a bay of Galicia, Northwest Spain. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 37: 319.
Peteiro, C. & Freire, Ó. (2012). Observations on fish grazing of the cultured kelps Undaria pinnatifida and Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) in Spanish Atlantic waters. Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation, International Journal of the Bioflux Society 5: 189-196.
Peteiro, C. & Freire, Ó. (2013). Biomass yield and morphological features of the seaweed Saccharina latissima cultivated at two different sites in a coastal bay in the Atlantic coast of Spain. Journal of Applied Phycology 25: 205-213.
Peteiro, C. & Freire, Ó. (2013). Epiphytism on blades of the edible kelps Undaria pinnatifida and Saccharina latissima farmed under different abiotic conditions. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 44: 706-.
Peteiro, C. & Sánchez, N. (2012). Comparing salinity tolerance in early stages of the sporophytes of a non-indigenous kelp (Undaria pinnatifida) and a native kelp (Saccharina latissima). Russian Journal of Marine Biology 38: 197.
Peteiro, C., Sánchez, N. & Martínez, V. (2016). Mariculture of the Asian kelp Undaria pinnatifida and the native kelp Saccharina latissima along the Atlantic coast of Southern Europe: An overview. Algal Research 16: 9-23, 7 figs.
Peteiro, C., Sánchez, N., Dueñas-Liaño, C. & Martínez, B. (2014). Open-sea cultivation by transplanting young fronds of the kelp Saccharina latissima. Journal of Applied Phycology 26: 519-???.
Ribamar da Cruz Freitas Junior, J. (2015). Desarrollo y aplicaciones del cultivo de Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Ochrophyta) en sistemas de acuicultura multitrófica integrada (AMTI). Doctoral Thesis.
Spurkland, T. & Iken, K. (2011). Salinity and irradiance effects on growth and maximum photosynthetic quantum yield in subarctic Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Laminaraceae). Botanica Marina 54(4): 355-365.
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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 November 2020.

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