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Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux 1813

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Delesseriaceae
Subfamily Delesserioideae
Tribe Delesserieae
Genus Delesseria


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Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
Whirlpool Cliff, Lough Hyne, Co. Cork, Ireland; 5-7 m; to 130 mm long. 25 May 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
Scotland, Oban area east coast. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; drift plant to 600 mm. 14 Apr 2006. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
Lough Hyne, Co. Cork, Ireland; subtidal; to 130 mm. 27 Apr 1994. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux
Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, Baltic Sea. Dirk Schories. © Dirk Schories (dirk.schories@gmx.de).


Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, Baltic Sea
© Dirk Schories (dirk.schories@gmx.de)

Publication details
Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux 1813: 122

Published in: Lamouroux, J.V.F. (1813). Essai sur les genres de la famille des Thalassiophytes non articulées. Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 20: 21-47, 115-139, 267-293, pls 7-13.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Delesseria.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus sanguineus Hudson

Type information
Syntype localities: Habitat in littoribus Eboracensi et Cornubensi [Living on the shores of York, NE England and Cornwall, SW England] (Hudson 1762: 475).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), blood-red (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus sanguineus Hudson 1762
Hydrolapatha sanguineum (Hudson) Stackhouse 1809
Sphaerococcus sanguineus (Hudson) Wahlenberg 1826
Wormskioldia sanguinea (Hudson) Sprengel 1827

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Delesseria sanguinea var. latifolia Carmichael 1833
Delesseria sanguinea f. filiformis Levring 1940

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux)
English: Sea Beech (Bunker & al. 2010).

Swedish: Ribbeblad (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Membranous, bright crimson fronds, with cartilaginous, cylindrical, branched stipe, from thickened discoid holdfast, to 300 mm long. Branches bearing spirally arranged, leaflike, ovate-lanceolate blades, each with short stipe and pinnately branched midrib, membranous portion monostromatic, margin undulate (on mature blades), entire. Reproductive structures in small oval, stalked blades, borne on midribs in winter.

On rocks, in deep shady lower intertidal pools and in the subtidal, generally distributed, common.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Fucus sanguineus Hudson)
Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Hooker 1811 ).

Europe: Ireland (Tighe 1803).

(as Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux)
Arctic: Arctic Russia (Vinogradova 2011), Barents Sea (Malavenda 2018).

Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Nielsen & al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012, Goecke et al. 2013), Britain (Newton 1931, Maggs & Hommersand 1993, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Kain (Jones) 2006, Marconi et al. 2011, Wynne 2014, Brodie & al. 2016, Bunker & al. 2017), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), Denmark (Larsen & Sand-Jensen 2006, Nielsen & Lundsteen 2019), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Coppejans & Kling 1995, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954, Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Greece (Tsekos & Haritonidis 1977), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cotton 1913, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1978, De Valéra & al. 1979, Whelan & Cullinane 1985, Maggs & Hommersand 1993, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Bunker & al. 2017), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga & al. 1997), Norway (Jaasund 1965, Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Poland (Andrulewicz et al. 2004 ), Portugal (Ardré 1970, Araújo & al., 2003, Bárbara et al. 2006, Araújo & al. 2009), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Miranda 1931, Conde Poyales & Seoane Camba 1982, Gallardo & Pérez-Cirera 1982, Gallardo & al. 1985, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Cremades, Bárbara, Granja & Veiga 1997, Valenzuela Miranda 2002, Bárbara & al. 2005, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1944, Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

South America: Argentina (Pujals 1963).

Middle East: Turkey (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Kain (Jones), J.M. (2006). Photoperiodism in Delesseria sanguinea (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) 2. Daylengths are shorter underwater. Phycologia 45: 624-631.

Larsen, A. & Sand-Jensen, K. (2005). Salt tolerance and distribution of estuarine benthic macroalgae in the Kattegat-Baltic Sea area. Phycologia 45: 13-23.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 1 Rødalger (Rhodophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 7: [1]-398, col. figs and distributional maps.

Vinogradova, K.L. (2011). The order Ceramiales (Rhodophyta) in the flora of the Arctic Ocean. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 96(6): 681-695.

Wynne, M.J. (2014 '2013'). The red algal families Delesseriaceae and Sarcomeniaceae. pp. [1]-326, 118 figs. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Zinova, A.D. (1955). Opredelitel burykh vodoroslej severnykh morej SSSR [Determination book of the red algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. pp. 1-219 [+ 1], 169 figs. Moscow & Leningrad: Akad. Nauk SSSR.

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 41272 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Kain (Jones), J.M. (2006). Photoperiodism in Delesseria sanguinea (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) 2. Daylengths are shorter underwater. Phycologia 45: 624-631.
Kain (Jones), J.M. & Bates, M.J. (1993). The reproductive phenology of Delesseria sanguinea and Odonthalia dentata off the Isle of Man. European Journal of Phycology 28: 173-182, 9 figs, 2 tables.
Kain (Jones), J.M. (1996). Photoperiodism in Delesseria sanguinea (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) 1. The phases and sexes differ. Phycologia 35: 446-455, 7 figs, 5 tables.
Kain (Jones), J.M. (2003). Control of blade growth in Delesseria sanguinea (Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 17: 403-410.
Kain, J.M. (1987). Photoperiod and temperature as triggers in the seasonality of Delesseria sanguinea. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 41: 355-370.
Lundsteen, S. (1980). Unusual occurrences of reproductive structures in Delesseria sanguinea and Spermothamnion repens (Bangiophyceae, Ceramiales). Botanisk Tidsskrift 75: 155-157.
Lundsten, S. (1980). Unusual occurrences of reproductive structure in Delesseria sanguinea and Spermothamnin repens (Bangiophyceae, Ceramiales). Botanisk Tidsskrift 75: 155-157.
Lüning, K. & Schmitz, K. (1988). Dark growth of the red alga Delesseria sanguinea (Ceramiales): lack of chlorophyll, photosynthetic capability and phycobilisomes. Phycologia 27: 72-77.
Lüning, K. (1984). Growth and lack of chlorophyll a in a dark-cultivated Delesseria sanguinea. British Phycological Journal 19: 196-197.
Molenaar, F.J. & Breeman, A.M. (1997). Latitudinal trends in the growth and reproductive seasonality of Delesseria sanguinea, Membranoptera alata and Phycodrys rubens (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 33: 330-343, 9 figs, 3 tables.
Nabil, S. & Cosson, J. (1996). Seasonal variation in sterol composition of Delesseria sanguinea ((Ceramiales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 511-514.
Pang, S., Gomez, I. & Lüning, K. (2001). The red alga Delesseria sanguinea as a UVB-sensitive model organism: selective growth reduction by UVB in outdoor experiments and rapid recording of growth rate during and after UV pulses. European Journal of Phycology 36: 207-216.
Potin, P., Patier, P., Floc'h, J.-Y., Yvin, J.C., Rochas, C. & Kloareg, B. (1992). Chemical characterization of cell-wall polysaccharides from tank-cultivated and wild plants of Delesseria sanguinea (Hudson) Lamouroux (Ceramiales, delesseriaceae) - culture patterns and potent anticoagulant activity. J Appl Phycol 4(2): 119-128.
Rietema, H. (1993). Ecotypic differences between Baltic and North Sea populations of Delesseria sanguinea and Membranoptera alata. Botanica Marina 36: 15-21, 7 figs.
Shameel, M. (1975). Untersuchungen über Wirkung des hydrostatischen Druckes auf das Wachstum von Delesseria sanguinea (L.) Lamour. aus des Westlichen Ostsee. Hydrobiologia 47: 209-230.
Shameel, M. (1977). Combined of hydrostatic pressure and temperature on the activity of alkaline phosphatases from Delesseria sanguinea (L.) Lamour.. Pakistan Journal of Botany 9: 17-23.
Svedelius, N. (1911). Über den Generationswechsel bei Delesseria sanguinea. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 5: 260-324, 3 tables.
Svedelius, N. (1912). Über die Spermatienbildung bei Delesseria sanguinea. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 6: 239-265, 6 tables, 11 figs. [in German]
Svedelius, N. (1914). Über die Zystokarpienbildung bei Delesseria sanguinea. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 8: 1-32, 2 tables, 22 figs. [in German]

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 November 2020.

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