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Polysiphonia nigrescens (Hudson) Greville ex Harvey 1833

Publication details
Polysiphonia nigrescens (Hudson) Greville ex Harvey 1833: 332

Published in: Harvey, W.H. (1833). Div. II. Confervoideae; Div. III. Gloiocladeae. In: The English Flora of Sir James Edward Smith. Class XXIV. Cryptogamia. Vol. V. (or Vol. II of Dr. Hooker's British flora). Part I. Comprising the Mosses, Hepaticae, Lichens, Characeae and Algae. (Hooker, W.J. Eds), pp. 263-265, 265-266, 326-389, 389-405. London: Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans Paternoster-Row.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Polysiphonia is Polysiphonia urceolata (Lightfoot ex Dillwyn) Greville.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Vertebrata fucoides (Hudson) Kuntze

Basionym
Conferva nigrescens Hudson

Type information
Syntype localities: England: St. Ives, Cornwall and Exmouth, Devon (Silva & al. 1996: 541).

Origin of species name
Participle (Latin), becoming black (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Polysiphonia nigrescens (Hudson) Greville ex Harvey)
Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994), Bermuda (Taylor 1960), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Bulgaria (Dimitrova-Konaklieva 1981), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982), France (Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Haritonidis & Tsekos 1976, Tsekos & Haritonidis 1977), Ireland (Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cullinane 1969, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1978, De Valéra & al. 1979, Maggs 1983, Whelan & Cullinane 1985), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983), Norway (Jaasund 1965), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Miranda 1931, Pérez-Cirera & Maldonado 1982, Fernández & Niell 1982, Silva & Fernández 1988), Spitsbergen (Vinogradova 1995), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1944).

North America: Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), North Carolina (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991), South Carolina (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991), Virginia (Humm 1979).

South America: Uruguay (Coll & Oliveira 1999).

Africa: Mauritius (Børgesen 1954), Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987).

Middle East: Turkey (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993).

Source of current name
Díaz-Tapia, P., McIvor, L., Freshwater, D.W., Verbruggen, H., Wynne, M.J. & Maggs, C.A. (2017). The genera Melanothamnus Bornet & Falkenberg and Vertebrata S.F. Gray constitute well-defined clades of the red algal tribe Polysiphonieae (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales). European Journal of Phycology 52(1): 1-20, 77 figs.

Key references
Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Zinova, A.D. (1955). Opredelitel' burykh vodorosley severnykh morey SSSR [Manual for identification of the brown algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. Vol. 2 pp. 220, 169 figures. Moscow & Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. [in Russian]

Created: 17 November 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 11 March 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1887 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Pedersén, M.E.E., Roomans, G.M. & von Hofsten, A. (1981). Bromine in the cuticle of Polysiphonia nigrescens: localization and content. Journal of Phycology 17: 105-108.
Verlaque, M. & Riouall, R. (1989). Introduction de Polysiphonia nigrescens et d'Antithamnion nipponicum (Rhodophyta, Ceramiales) sur le littoral Méditerranéen Français. Cryptogamie, Algologie 10: 313-323.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=13274

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 October 2021.

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