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Spongoclonium caribaeum (Børgesen) M.J.Wynne 2005

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Wrangeliaceae
Subfamily Spongoclonioideae
Tribe Spongoclonieae
Genus Spongoclonium


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Spongoclonium caribaeum (Børgesen) M.J.Wynne
Cape Peron, Western Australia. G.J. Edgar. © G.J. Edgar.

Spongoclonium caribaeum (Børgesen) M.J.Wynne
KwaZulu-Natal. Olivier de Clerck. © Olivier De Clerck (odclerck@gmail.com).


Craticula vixnegligenda Lange-Bertalot

Spongoclonium caribaeum (Børgesen) M.J.Wynne Cape Peron, Western Australia
© G.J. Edgar

Publication details
Spongoclonium caribaeum (Børgesen) M.J.Wynne 2005: 23, 87

Published in: Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Publication date: 2005

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Spongoclonium is Spongoclonium conspicuum Sonder.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Mesothamnion caribaeum Børgesen

Type information
Type locality: "St. Jan: Off Annaberg" [Annaberg, St. John, Virgin Islands] (Børgesen 1917: 216). Holotype: dredged from 30 m. C (Yoshida 1998: 917).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), of the Caribbean.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Mesothamnion caribaeum Børgesen 1917
Pleonosporium caribaeum (Børgesen) R.E.Norris 1985

Distributional notes
This species was introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 201), perhaps by shipping, being first found at Villefranch-sur-mer, France, 1974. - (6 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Mesothamnion caribaeum Børgesen)
Europe: Spain (Conde & al. 1996).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Nguyen et al. 2013).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: New Caledonia (Payri 2007).

(as Pleonosporium caribaeum (Børgesen) R.E.Norris)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Lawson & al. 1995, Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun & al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Domínguez-Alvarez et al. 2005, Anon. 2011).

Europe: France (Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), Spain (Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Gorostiaga & al., 2004).

South America: Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003).

Africa: Kenya (Coppejans, Leliaert & De Clerck 2000), Morocco (Riadi & al. 2011), Mozambique (Silva & al. 1996), South Africa (Silva & al. 1996, Stegenga, Bolton & Anderson 1997), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva & al. 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

South-west Asia: India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Kajimura 1997, Yoshida 1998), Korea (Lee & Kang 2001).

Australia and New Zealand: Houtman Abrolhos (Huisman 1997), Lord Howe Island (Millar & Kraft 1993), Western Australia (Huisman & Borowitzka 2003).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: American Samoa (Skelton & South 2007), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Hawaiian Islands (Abbott 1999), Samoa (Skelton & South 2007).

(as Spongoclonium caribaeum (Børgesen) M.J.Wynne)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Afonso-Carrillo 2014).

Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), France (Anon. 2017), Spain (Secilla 2012), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016).

North America: Mexico (Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), Mexico (Atlantic) (Ek García-García & al. 2020).

Caribbean Islands: Martinique (Delnatte & Wynne 2016).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

Africa: Kenya (Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Morocco (Moussa & al. 2018).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Nguyen et al. 2013).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), Korea (Kim & Lee 2012), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Huisman 2019), Western Australia (Huisman 2018).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Huisman, J.M. (2018). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. pp. [i]-xii, 1-672, 189 figs. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Kim, H.-S. & Lee, I.K. (2012). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 4, Number 5.Rhodophyta: Florideophyceae: Ceramiales: Ceramiaceae I (Non-corticate species). pp. [1-4], 1-152, figs 1-105. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Mateo-Cid, L.E., Mendoza-González, A.C., Norris, J.N. & García-López, D.Y. (2018). A taxonomic account of species in the tribe Spongoclonieae (Ceramiaceae, Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) reported from Atlantic and Pacific Mexico. Phytotaxa 340: 229-245, 38 figs, 1 table.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photographs and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Created: 03 May 2008 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 January 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1023 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 09 May 2021.

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