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Botryocladia flookii C.W.Schneider & C.E.Lane 2008

Publication details
Botryocladia flookii C.W.Schneider & C.E.Lane 2008: 623, figs 24-34

Published in: Schneider, C.W. & Lane, C.E. (2008). Notes on the marine algae of the Bermudas. 9. The genus Botryocladia (Rhodophyta, Rhodymeniaceae), including B. bermudana, B. exquisita and B. flookii spp. nov. Phycologia 47: 614-619.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Botryocladia is Botryocladia uvaria (J.A.Murray) Harvey.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Gazzaea flookii (C.W.Schneider & C.E.Lane) C.W.Schneider & C.E.Lane

Type information
Type locality: Walsingham Pond, Hamilton Parish, Bermuda Island, Bermuda (32°20.79'N, 64°42.89'W) (Schneider & Lane 2008: 623). Holotype: C.W. Schneider & C.E. Lane 05-8-13; cystocarpic-male; 19 July 2005; depth 6 m on the north ledge. US (Schneider & Lane 2008: 623). Notes: Isotypes MICH, Herb. CWS. GenBank accession no. EU 977492.

Eponomy
"Named for Christopher Flook of Marine Operations at the Bermuda Aquarium, an exceptional diver, collector and naturalist."

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Plants brownish- to rosy-red, to 45 mm tall, attached by small discoid holdfasts, giving rise to short simple stipes bearing one to many vesicles; vesicles obovoid and often elongating, (3–) 10–19 mm diam. and (10–) 18–38 mm long, producing lateral attachments to adjacent vesicles; stipes short, terete, to 0.5 mm diam., solid; vesicle walls consisting of three (or four) layers, innermost cells of the medulla 45–130 µm diam., 55–135 µm long and polygonal in surface view with large and small cells intermingled and with enlarged medullary cells projecting into the inner vesicle cavity and producing one to five pyriformto obovoid secretory cells, 14–34 µm diam.; outer cortex initially incomplete, becoming nearly complete when mature; inner cortex of intermediate-sized cells formed above the walls of the medullary cells; tetrasporangia in scattered discrete sori in the outer cortex, spherical to subspherical, cruciately divided, 15–23 µm in diameter; monoecious, spermatangia scattered on outer cortical cells, 1 mm diam.; cystocarps scattered over vesicles, slightly protruding to the exterior of the vesicle, to 775 µm diam., ostiolate; carposporangia subglobose, obovoid to irregularly angular, 10–15 µm diam. and 20–25 µm long.

Key characteristics
Differing from the similar Botryocladia macaronesica Afonso-Carrillo, Sobrino, Tittley & Neto of the eastern Atlantic by the lateral attachments on vesicles, enlarged and projecting secretory bearing cells, and development of the medulla below carposporophytes and into the vesicle cavity.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Schneider, C.W., Lane, C.E., McDevit, D.C. & Filloramo, G.V. (2020). Proposal of the new genus Gazzaea (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) to accommodate Botryocladia flookii C.W.Schneider & C.E.Lane. Notulae Algarum 153: 1-4, 1 fig.

Created: 24 December 2008 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 12 August 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 332 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Schneider, C.W. & Lane, C.E. (2008). Notes on the marine algae of the Bermudas. 9. The genus Botryocladia (Rhodophyta, Rhodymeniaceae), including B. bermudana, B. exquisita and B. flookii spp. nov. Phycologia 47: 614-619.
Schneider, C.W., Lane, C.E., McDevit, D.C. & Filloramo, G.V. (2020). Proposal of the new genus Gazzaea (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) to accommodate Botryocladia flookii C.W.Schneider & C.E.Lane. Notulae Algarum 153: 1-4, 1 fig.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=134102

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 June 2021.

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