157,534 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,209 images, 60,945 bibliographic items, 458,278 distributional records.

Gymnodinium litoralis A.Reñé

Publication details
Gymnodinium litoralis A.Reñé in Reñé et al. 2011: 14, fig. 2 a-d

Published in: Reñé, A., Satta, C.T., Garcés, E., Massana, R., Zapata, M., Anglès, S. & Camp, J. (2011). Gymnodinium litoralis sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), a newly identified bloom-forming dinoflagellate from the NW Mediterranean Sea. Harmful Algae 12: 11-25.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Cells naked, ovoid, and slightly dorsoventrally compressed. Length: 19-42 µm; width: 14-37 µm. Cells single, often in pairs. Cingulum well-defined, descending, displaced 1/3-1/4 of the cell length, overhanging about 1/3-1/4 of the cell width. Sulcus deep, extending slightly and narrowly through the epicone. The acrobase is horseshoe-shaped, running anticlockwise on the right side of the cell. Sulcus broadens on the hypocone, penetrating until the antapex. Nucleus spherical, in the epicone, sometimes slightly displaced to the left side of the cell, running towards the center of the cell. For cells in pairs, nucleus is located central in anterior cells. Chloroplasts golden-brown, elongated, located peripherally. Resting cysts are round to oval, smooth with pale granular content and one or two orange accumulation bodies.

Type information
Type locality: La Muga River mouth (Catalonia) Spain. (Reñé et al. 2011: 15). Iconotype: (Reñé et al. 2011: Fig. 11A). Notes: Fig. 11A is from culture ICMB226, isolated from the beach at the mouth of the La Muga River (Catalonia) and deposited in a culture collection (CCMP3294). LSU rDNA sequence deposited in GenBank under accession number: JN400082.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Thessen, A.E., Patterson, D.J. & Murray, S.A. (2012). The taxonomic significance of species that have only been observed once: The genus Gymnodinium (Dinoflagellata) as an example. PLoS ONE 7(8): e44015.

Created: 22 June 2012 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 05 May 2013 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 270 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Reñé, A., Satta, C.T., Garcés, E., Massana, R., Zapata, M., Anglès, S. & Camp, J. (2011). Gymnodinium litoralis sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), a newly identified bloom-forming dinoflagellate from the NW Mediterranean Sea. Harmful Algae 12: 11-25.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=143066

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 February 2020.

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