159,064 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,530 images, 61,696 bibliographic items, 462,690 distributional records.

Gymnodinium frigidum Skvortsov, nom. illeg. 1968

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gymnodiniaceae
Genus Gymnodinium


Publication details
Gymnodinium frigidum Skvortsov 1968: 87, pl. II [2]: fig. 1, nom. illeg.

Published in: Skvortzov, B. (1968). New and little known Peridineae from northern Manchuria, China. Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum 21: 79-114.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Gymnodinium chinense Thessen, D.J.Patterson & Sh.A.Murray

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Illegitimate: not Gymnodinium frigidum Balech in Balech & El-Sayed 1965, p. 112, pl. I, figs 6, 7 ["Gymnodinium frigidum Woloszynska" 1952 is a nom. inval.]. New name: Gymnodinium chinensis A.E.Thessen, D.J.Patterson & S.A.Murra, 2012. - (31 Aug 2020) - M.D. Guiry

Taxonomic notes
Moestrup & Calado (2018: 472) note, "Cells described as nearly spherical with broadly rounded poles and very thin, hyaline cell cover ("membrana tenuissima"); slightly compressed dorsoventrally; chloroplasts green and discoid; eyespot not observed; flagella of equal length (?); cell length 26 µm, width 23 µm. Found in cold water swamp near Harbin, Manchuria. The cingulum was described as straight and indistinct though it is well-marked in the figure. The only information about the sulcus is that it is short. We consider the description to be inadequate for identification." - (31 Aug 2020) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

No distributions recorded
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.

Source of current name
Thessen, A.E., Patterson, D.J. & Murray, S.A. (2012). The taxonomic significance of species that have only been observed once: The genus Gymnodinium (Dinoflagellata) as an example. PLoS ONE 7(8): e44015.

Created: 04 May 2013 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 August 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 82 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=146260

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 28 September 2020.

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