157,571 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,210 images, 60,987 bibliographic items, 459,373 distributional records.

Gymnodinium hiemale (J.Schiller) Popovsky, nom. illeg.

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gymnodiniaceae
Genus Gymnodinium

 

Publication details
Gymnodinium hiemale (J.Schiller) Popovsky 1990: 6, nom. illeg.

Published in: Popovsky, J. (1990). New knowledge on freshwater dinoflagellates of Central Europe; with description of a new species. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 60: 1-18.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Nusuttodinium hiemale (J.Schiller) Moestrup & Calado

Basionym
Massartia hiemalis J.Schiller

Origin of species name
Adjective B (Latin), pertaining to winter, also "hyemale" (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Illegitimate: not Gymnodinium hiemale Woloszynska, 1917. - (17 Oct 2018) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Moestrup, Ø. & Calado, A.J. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater Flora of Central Europe, Volume 6: Dinophyceae. pp. [i]-xii, [1]-560, 421 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Key references
Thessen, A.E., Patterson, D.J. & Murray, S.A. (2012). The taxonomic significance of species that have only been observed once: The genus Gymnodinium (Dinoflagellata) as an example. PLoS ONE 7(8): e44015.

Created: 05 May 2013 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 October 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 64 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Skvortzow, B.W. (1926). Über Gymnodinium hiemale Skvortz. Hedwigia 67: 122-124.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=146268

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 February 2020.

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