Colaconema caespitosum (J. ) Jackelman, & J.J.Bolton 1991
Colaconema caespitosum (J.Agardh) Jackelman, Stegenga & J.J.Bolton Spanish Point, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower intertidal of exposed rocks on a limpet
© Michael Guiry (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Colaconema caespitosum (J.Agardh) Jackelman, Stegenga & J.J.Bolton 1991: 303
Published in: Jackelmann, J.J., Stegenga, H.S. & Bolton, J.J. (1991). The marine benthic flora of the Cape Hangklip area and its phytogeographical affinities. South African Journal of Botany 57: 295-304, 4 figs, 1 table.
Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Callithamnion caespitosum J.Agardh
Type locality: Brest (Athanasiadis 1996: 26). Lectotype: LD Agardh No. 18011 (Womersley 1994: 56).
Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), growing in patches or tufts, caespitose (Stearn 1973).
Callithamnion caespitosum J.Agardh 1851
Acrochaetium caespitosum (J.Agardh) Nägeli 1862
Chantransia caespitosa (J.Agardh) Batters 1896
Audouinella caespitosa (J.Agardh) P.S.Dixon 1976
Rhodothamniella caespitosa (J.Agardh) Feldmann 1981
Callithamnion botryocarpum Harvey 1855
Callithamnion codii P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1860
Acrochaetium botryocarpum (Harvey) J.Agardh 1892
Acrochaetium polyrhizum (Harvey) J.Agardh 1892
Chantransia botryocarpa (Harvey) De Toni 1897
Acrochaetium codii Hamel 1927
Chantransia codii (Hamel) Levring 1937
Rhodochorton codii (Hamel) Nakamura 1944
Audouinella botryocarpa (Harvey) Woelkerling 1971
Rhodothamniella codii (Hamel) Feldmann 1981
Colaconema botryocarpum (Harvey) Stegenga 1985
Audouinella codii (Hamel) G.Furnari 2000
Colaconema codii (Hamel) I.-K.Hwang & H.-S.Kim 2011
This combination was separately proposed by Bárbara & Cremades (1996: 386) on morphological grounds, and by Harper & Saunders (2002: 473), based on molecular and morphological data, and emended generic descriptions are provided by Harper & Saunders (2002) for Acrochaetium, Audouinella, Rhodochorton (Acrochaetiaceae) and Colaconema (Colaconematales ord. nov., Colanemataceae, fam. nov.).
This is a marine species.
Forming dense, brownish-red tassel-like tufts of sparingly branched erect, uniseriate hair-like filaments. Cells oblong, 3-4 times as long as broad. Several plastids, each with a pyrenoid, against cell wall. Reproducing by monosporangia, all year around. Tetrasporangia occasionally formed in winter.
On limpets (Patella spp.) on exposed shores and epiphytic on Codium fragile in the lower intertidal of exposed and semi-exposed coasts. Commoner on western and south-western coasts than records indicate.
Association with limpets and Codium; tasellated growth form of tufts. Abundant and large monosporangia.
Rhodochorton purpureum and Rhodothamniella floridula which are generally turf-forming and do not form monosporangia.
Source of current name
Jackelmann, J.J., Stegenga, H.S. & Bolton, J.J. (1991). The marine benthic flora of the Cape Hangklip area and its phytogeographical affinities. South African Journal of Botany 57: 295-304, 4 figs, 1 table.
Bárbara, I. & Cremades, J. (1996). Seaweeds of the Ría de A Coruña (NW Iberian Peninsula, Spain). Botanica Marina 39: 371-388.
Harper, J.T. & Saunders, G.W. (2002). A re-classification of the Acrochaetiales based on molecular and morphological data, and establishment of the Colaconematales, ord. nov.. British Phycological Journal 37: 463-475.
Saunders, G.W., Brooks, C.M. & Scott, S. (2019). Preliminary DNA barcode report on the marine red algae (Rhodophyta) from the British Overseas Territory of Tristan da Cunha. Cryptogamie, Algologie 40(10): 105-117, no figs.
Created: 30 December 1998 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 01 May 2020 by Wendy Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2157 times since it was created.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)
Garbary, D.J. & Pei, Z. (2006). Mitochondrial dynamics in red algae. 3. Filament apices in Colaconema caespitosum (Acrochaetiales) and Antithamnion cruciatum (Ceramiales). Algae 21: 323-332.
Garbary, D.J. & Zuchang, P. (2006). Mitochondrial dynamics in red algae. 3. Filament apices in Colaconema caespitosum (Acrochaetiales) and Antithamnion cruciatum (Ceramiales). Algae 21(3): 323-332, 18 figs, 6 tables.
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=14661
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 30 November 2020.