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Gelidium latifolium (Greville) Bornet 1883

Publication details
Gelidium latifolium (Greville) Bornet 1883: 192, fig. 83 d

Published in: Hauck, F. (1883). Die Meeresalgen Deutschlands und Österreichs. In: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Zweite Auflage. (Rabenhorst, L. Eds) Vol. 2, pp. 113-320. Leipzig: Eduard Kummer.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gelidium is Gelidium corneum (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Gelidium spinosum (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva

Basionym
Gelidium corneum var. latifolium Greville

Type information
Lectotype locality: E. Devon (Sidmouth) (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 127). Lectotype: sheet with a single speciemen from Sidmouth: E (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 139). Notes: Syntypes: 'Trevone Bay, Cornwall, and Waldon rocks, Torbay, Mrs. Griffiths. Sidmouth and Torquay'.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), broad-leaved (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Gelidium latifolium var. typicum Feldmann & Hamel 1936

Nomenclatural notes
Silva, Basson & Moe (1996: 141-142) note: “The association of the binomial G[elidium] latifolium with G. corneum (Hudson) Lamouroux var. latifolium Greville seems to have been first made by Lily Newton (1931: 264), who accredited Bornet alone as the author of the combination. Thuret & Bornet were given credit by J. Feldmann & G. Hamel (1936: 121), Bornet & Thuret by Dixon (1959: 349). In the place where the combination was allegedly made (Bornet & Thuret, 1876: 58) we find that Bornet alone supplied the text and that Greville’'s variety is not mentioned. Bornet did not provide a description, but only a legend to his figures of the cystocap (pl. XX: figs 8-10), which he says has the same organisation of most French species of Geldium. Bornet had in hand a collection from Guéthary, Basse-Pyrénées, Atlantic France. A validating description was published by Hauck on the basis of specimens from the Adriatic Sea.” Stegenga & Mol (1983: 158) and Lee & Kim (1995) cite this species as Gelidium latifolium (Greville) Bornet & Thuret

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Cartilaginous, crimson to purplish red, 20-60 mm long. Main axes distinctly flattened, often narrower at base, ultimate branches short, often opposite, spine-like or spathulate.

Habitat
Pools in lower intertidal and subtidal, generally in shaded situations, southern and western shores, frequent.

Key characteristics
Pinnate branching, lower-intertidal and subtidal low-light habitats, and distinctly flattened main axis.

Similar species
Gelidium pulchellum which does not have distinctly flattened main axes and occurs higher on the shore.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bornet, É. & Thuret, G. (1876). Notes algologiques recueil d'observations sur les algues. Fasc. 1. pp. i-xx, 1-70, pls I-XXV. Paris: G. Masson.

Boudouresque, C.-F. & Verlaque, M. (1978). Végétation marine de la Corse (Méditerranée). I. Documents pour la flore des algues. Botanica Marina 21: 265-275. [in French, English abstract]

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Dixon, P.S. (1959). Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on the Florideae. I. Botaniska Notiser 112(3): 339-352.

Kamenarska, Z., Ivanova, A., Stancheva, R., Stoyneva, M., Stefanov, K., Dimitrova-Konaklieva, S. & Popov, S. (2006). Volatile compounds from some Black Sea red algae and their chemotaxonomic application. Botanica Marina 49: 47-56.

Lee, H.-B. & Kim, J.-I. (1995). Notes on gelidiales species from Korea. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.5, pp. 161-174. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 07 August 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6936 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Anadón, R. & Fernández, C. (1986). Comparación de tres comunidades de horizontes intermareales con abundancia de Gelidium latifolium (Grev.) Born. et Thur. en la costa de Asturias (N de España). Inv. Pesq. 50(3): 353-366.
Barbagallo, C., Cormaci, M. & Furnari, G. (1979). Sul contenuto in agar di Gelidium latifolium (Greville) Thiret et Birnet (Rhodophyceae, Gelidiales). Pubbl Inst bot Univ Catania : 1-4.
Fernández, C. & Anadón, R. (1989). Cartografiado de biomasa de campos intermareeales de Gelidium sesquipedale (Clem.) Born et Thur. y Gelidium latifolium (Grev.) Born et Thur. en la costa de Asturias (N. de España). Inf. Téc, Inv. Pesq. 149: 1-12.
Fernández, E, Fernández, C. & Anadón, R. (1989). Biología de Hyale schmidti Heller, Amphipoda, Gammaridaea, en el horizonte de Gelidium latifolium. Rev. Biol. Univ. Oviedo 7: 67-76.
Fernández, E., Anadón, R. & Fernández. C. (1988). Life histories and growth of the gastropods Bittium reticulatum and Barleeia unifasciata inhabiting the seaweed Gelidium latifolium. J. Moll. Stud. 54: 119-129.
Fernández, E., Fernández, C. & Anadón, R. (1987). Estructura espacial del horizonte de Gelidium latifolium (Grev.) Born. et Thur. en la costa central de Asturias (N. de España). Inv. Pesq. 51(2): 167-182.
Fernández, E., Fernández, C. & Anadón, R. (1990). Variación estacional de las poblaciones de Moluscos y Crustáceos del horizonte de Gelidium latifolium (Grev.) Born. et Thur. de la costa central de Asturias. Rev. Biol. Univ. Oviedo 8: 85-98.
Fernández, E.. (1985). Ecología del zoobentos del horizonte de Gelidium latifolium en la costa oriental del Cabo Peñas (Asturias). Biología de las especies más importantes. Memoria de Licenciatura. Universidad de Oviedo. pp. 195.
Fredriksen, S. & Rueness, J. (1989). Culture studies of Gelidium latifolium (Grev.) Born et Thur. (Rhodophyta) from Norway. Growth and nitrogen storage in response to varying photon flux density, temperature and nitrogen availability. Botanica Marina 32: 539-546.
Fredriksen, S., Rico, J.M. & Rueness, J. (1993). Comparison of Gelidium latifolium (Grev.) Born. et Thur. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) isolates from Spain and Norway. Journal of Applied Phycology 5: 117-122.
Juanes, J.A. & Fernández, C. (1988). Ciclo anual y producción de Gelidium latifolium (Grev.) Thur. et Born. (1876) en la región de Cabo Peñas (Asturias, N. de España). Inv. Pesq. 52(1): 109-122.
Juanes, J.A.. (1983). Contribución al conocimiento de la biología de Gelidium latifolium (Grev.) Thur. et Born. Memoria de Licenciatura. Universidad de Oviedo, 101 pp. .
Maggs, C.A. & Rico, J.M. (1991). A karyological demonstration of meiosis in Gelidium latifolium (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta) from Ireland. Phycologia 30: 487-494, 38 figs.
Mouradi-Givernaud, A., Givernaud, T., Morvan, H. & Cosson, J. (1992). Agar from Gelidium latifolium (Rhodophyceae, Gelidiales): biochemical composition and seasonal variations. Botanica Marina 35: 153-159, 6 figs, 1 table.
Mouradi-Givernaud, A., Givernaud, T., Morvan, H. & Cosson, J. (1993). Annual variations of the biochemical composition of Gelidium latifolium (Greville) Thuret et Bornet. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 607-612.
Rico, J.M. & Fernández, C. (1996). Seasonal nitrogen metabolism in an intertidal population of Gelidium latifolium (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 31: 149-155, 6 figs, 1 table.
Rueness, J. & Fredricksen, S. (1989). Field and culture studies of Gelidium latifolium (Grev.) Born. & Thur. (Rhodophyta) from Norway. Sarsia 74: 177-185.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 06 December 2020.

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