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Polysiphonia tongatensis Harvey ex Kützing

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Rhodomelaceae
Tribe Polysiphonieae
Genus Polysiphonia

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Polysiphonia tongatensis Harvey ex Kützing
Panama. Habit of bushy tuft. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Polysiphonia tongatensis Harvey ex Kützing
Panama. Pericentral cell with proximal rhizoid; rhizoid separated from parent cell by distinct cell wall. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Polysiphonia tongatensis Harvey ex Kützing
Panama. Pericentral cell with proximal rhizoid; rhizoid separated from parent cell by distinct cell wall. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Polysiphonia tongatensis Harvey ex Kützing
Panama. Apex of erect axis showing hair scar cells. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Polysiphonia tongatensis Harvey ex Kützing
Panama. Solitary swollen tetrasporangium. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Polysiphonia tongatensis Harvey ex Kützing
Panama. Erect axes with tetrasporangia in short spiral series. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

 

Codium mucronatum var. novae-zelandiae J.Agardh

Neosiphonia tongatensis (Harvey ex Kützing) M.-S.Kim & I.K.Lee Panama. Pericentral cell with proximal rhizoid; rhizoid separated from parent cell by distinct cell wall
© Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu)

Publication details
Polysiphonia tongatensis Harvey ex Kützing 1864: 14, pl. 41: figs. a-d

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1864). Tabulae phycologicae; oder, Abbildungen der Tange. Vol. XIV pp. [i-iii], 1-35, 100 pls. Nordhausen: Gedruckt auf kosten des Verfassers (in commission bei W. Köhne).
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Polysiphonia is Polysiphonia urceolata (Lightfoot ex Dillwyn) Greville.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Melanothamnus tongatensis (Harvey ex Kützing) Díaz-Tapia & Maggs

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Tonga ("Friendly Islands") (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 543). Type: W.H. Harvey; L Notes: Holotype: L 4083619 (Díaz-Tapia et al., 2017). Isotype: TCD (Kim & Lee, 1999: 280).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Polysiphonia tongatensis Harvey ex Kützing)
Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Schneider & Searles 1997, Schneider & Searles 1997).

North America: Isla Guadalupe (Setchell & Gardner 1930 ).

Africa: Mauritius (Børgesen 1954).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Lewis 1984).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Tonga (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996 ).

Source of current name
Díaz-Tapia, P., McIvor, L., Freshwater, D.W., Verbruggen, H., Wynne, M.J. & Maggs, C.A. (2017). The genera Melanothamnus Bornet & Falkenberg and Vertebrata S.F. Gray constitute well-defined clades of the red algal tribe Polysiphonieae (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales). European Journal of Phycology 52(1): 1-20, 77 figs.

Key references
Schneider, C.W. & Searles, R.B. (1997). Notes on the marine algae of the Bermudas. 2. Some Rhodophyta, including Polysiphonia tongatensis and a discussion on the Herposiphonia secunda/tenella complex. Cryptogamie, Algologie 18: 187-210, 19 figs.

Created: 06 January 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 January 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 660 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Schneider, C.W. & Searles, R.B. (1997). Notes on the marine algae of the Bermudas. 2. Some Rhodophyta, including Polysiphonia tongatensis and a discussion on the Herposiphonia secunda/tenella complex. Cryptogamie, Algologie 18: 187-210, 19 figs.
Segi, T. (1972). Polysiphonia tongatensis Harvey (Rhodophyceae) from Tonga. Proc. International Seaweed Synmposium 7: 150-152.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=15013

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 06 December 2019.

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