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Polysiphonia villum J.Agardh 1863

Publication details
Polysiphonia villum J.Agardh 1863: 941

Published in: Agardh, J.G. (1863). Species genera et ordines algarum, seu descriptiones succinctae specierum, generum et ordinum, quibus algarum regnum constituitur. Volumen secundum: algas florideas complectens. Part 2, fasc. 3. pp. 787-1138, 1158-1291. Lundae [Lund]: C.W.K. Gleerup. [in Latin]
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Polysiphonia is Polysiphonia urceolata (Lightfoot ex Dillwyn) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: "ad littus americae tropicae" (Mexico) (Silva & al. 1996: 545).

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), tuft of hair; shaggy hair.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Polysiphonia scopulorum var. villum (J.Agardh) Hollenberg 1968

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Polysiphonia villum J.Agardh)
North America: Mexico (Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), Mexico (Atlantic) (Ek García-García & al. 2020), Mexico (Pacific) (Mateo-Cid & al. 2020), Oregon and Washington (Hansen et al. 2018).

Asia: Japan (Titlyanov & al. 2019).

(as Polysiphonia scopulorum var. villum (J.Agardh) Hollenberg)
Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Schneider & Searles 1991, Schneider 2003).

North America: Alaska (Lindstrom 1977), Baja California Sur (Gulf) (Pérez-Eatrada et al. 2012 ), British Columbia (Savoie & Saunder 2018), California (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976, Stewart 1991, Miller 2012), Gulf of California (Norris, Aguilar-Rosas & Pedroche 2017), Mexico (Atlantic) (Mendoza-González, Mateo-Cid & García-López 2017), North Carolina (Schneider & Searles 1991, Mamoozadeh & Freshwater 2011), Oregon (Hansen 1997).

Central America: Belize (Kapraun & Norris 1982, Norris & Bucher 1982), Costa Rica (Fernández-García & al. 2011).

Caribbean Islands: Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Curaçao (Fricke et al. 2011).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Chile (Santelices 1989, Ramírez & Santelices 1991, Hoffmann & Santelices 1997), Galápagos Islands (Ruiz & Ziemmeck 2011), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991).

Africa: Kenya (Coppejans, Leliaert & De Clerck 2000, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Maldives (Silva & al. 1996), Seychelles (Silva & al. 1996).

Middle East: Bahrain (Silva & al. 1996), Iran (Sohrabipour & Rabii 1999, Kokabi & Yousefzadi 2015), Saudi Arabia (Silva & al. 1996).

South-east Asia: Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Vietnam (Kristiansen & Lind 1995, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Asia: China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2016, Titlyanov & al. 2019), Japan (Titlyanov et al 2006), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Yonaguni Island (Titlyanov & al. 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Lewis 1984).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Easter Island (Santelices & Abbott 1987), French Polynesia (Pari & N'Yeurt 1999), Samoan Archipelago (Skelton & South 1999).

Subantarctic Islands: Diego Garcia Atoll (Silva & al. 1996).

Key references
Díaz-Tapia, P., Maggs, C.A., Macaya, E.C. & Verbruggen, H. (2018). Widely distributed red algae often represent hidden introductions, complexes of cryptic species or species with strong phylogeographic structure. Journal of Phycology 54(6): 829-839.

Huisman, J.M., Kim, B. & Kim, M.S. (2017). The phylogenetic position of Polysiphonia scopulorum (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) based on molecular analyses and morphological observations of specimens from the type locality in Western Australia. Phytotaxa 324(1): 51-62, 2 figs.

Created: 07 January 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 May 2019 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 497 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Ding Lan-ping, Zhong Li-min, Tan Hua-qiang, Huang Bing-xin (2015). A morphological study on marine red algal Polysiphonia scopulorum var. villum. Journal of Tropical Oceanography 34(1): 42-48.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=15101

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 06 May 2021.

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