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Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh 1817

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Rhodomelaceae
Tribe Chondrieae
Genus Chondria

Pictures

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Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh
Chondria dasyphylla, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh
Chondria dasyphylla, lower intertidal, North of Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 27 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh
North of Galicia, 2010. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 17 May 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh
Portugal, North of Viana, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh
Portugal, North of Viana, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh
microscope, North of Portugal, Vila do Conde, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh
microscope, TS, North of Portugal, Vila do Conde, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Vaucheria piloboloides var. compacta Collins

Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh microscope stichidium, Spain, Galicia, Lugo, Peinzás, 2007
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh 1817: xviii

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1817). Synopsis algarum Scandinaviae, adjecta dispositione universali algarum. pp. [i]-xl, [1]-135. Lundae [Lund]: Ex officina Berlingiana.
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Publication date: Mai-Dec 1817 (p. vii: i Mai 1817)

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Chondria is Chondria tenuissima (Withering) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus dasyphyllus Woodward

Type information
Lectotype locality: Yarmouth, Norfolk, England (Silva & al. 1996: 481). Neotype: BM-K (Maggs & Hommersand 1993: 390). Notes: Type locality recorded by Maggs & Hommersand (1993: 390) as Essex (Yarmouth); undated, Turner. Syntype localities: Cromer and Yarmouth, Norfolk, England (South & Skelton, 2003).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), With markedly hairy leaves (Stearn 1985).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus dasyphyllus Woodward 1794
Sphaerococcus dasyphyllus (Woodward) Stackhouse 1797
Laurencia dasyphylla (Woodward) Greville 1830
Chondriopsis dasyphylla (Woodward) J.Agardh 1863

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Dasyphylla woodwardii Stackhouse 1816
Alsidium dasyphyllum P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1865

Habitat notes
Widespread in warm and warm-temperate seas. Very common in shallow waters (Lipkin & Silva 2002). Epilithic on bedrock, more frequently on mobile substrata such as pebbles, shells and maerl, tolerant of sand-cover, in mid-to lower-shore pools and from extreme low water to 20 m depth, occasional on wave-exposed bedrock lacking kelp forest but rarely under kelp canopy, common at wave-sheltered sites with moderate to strong current exposure; particularly abundant in Zostera marina beds (Maggs & Hommersand 1993). - (9 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh)
English: Diamond Cartilage Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Fucus dasyphyllus Woodward)
Europe: Ireland (Tighe 1803).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Chondria dasyphylla (Woodward) C.Agardh)
Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994, Parente, Neto & al. 2020), Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun & al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Moro & al. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Lanzarote (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, John & al. 2004).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Munda 1979, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Curiel et al. 2012), Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Black Sea (Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Milchakova 2011), Britain (Newton 1931, Maggs & Hommersand 1993, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie & al. 2016, Bunker & al. 2017), Bulgaria (Dimitrova-Konaklieva 1981, Temniskova, Stoyneva & Kirjakov 2008), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Coppejans 1979, Sales & Ballesteros 2010), Crimea (Sadogurskiy, Belich & Sadogurskaya 2019), Denmark (Nielsen & Lundsteen 2019), France (Augier, Boudouresque & Laborel 1971, Coppejans 1972, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque, Lauret & Riouall 1988, Coppejans & Kling 1995, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Verlaque 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954, Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Diapoulis, Haritonidis & Koussouris 1986, Athanasiadis 1987, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Tsirika & Haritonidis 2005, Tsiamis & Panoytidis 2016), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1978, De Valéra & al. 1979, Maggs 1983, Whelan & Cullinane 1985, Maggs & Hommersand 1993, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Bunker & al. 2017), Isla de Alborán (Conde & Flores Moya 2000), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Feoli & Bressan 1972, Cinelli & al. 1976, Cecere & al. 1996, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Serio et al 2006), Malta (Cormaci & al. 1997), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga & al. 1997, Stegenga, Kaaremans & Simons 2007), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (Ardré 1970, Araújo & al. 2009), Romania (Caraus 2017), Sardinia (Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Furnari & al. 2003), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Miranda 1931, Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Fernández, Niell & Anadón 1983, Gallardo & al. 1985, Rodriguez Prieto & Polo Alberti 1988, Soto & Conde 1989, Perez-Cirera, Cremades, Bárbara & Lopez 1991, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Conde & al. 1996, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Valenzuela Miranda 2002, Sánchez, Fernández & Rico 2003, Gorostiaga & al., 2004, Bárbara & al. 2005, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Peña & Bárbara 2008, Invernón et al. 2009, Peña & Bárbara 2010, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Hernández & al. 2019), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1944).

North America: Baja California Sur (Gulf) (Pérez-Eatrada et al. 2012 ), California (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976, Stewart 1991, Miller 2012), Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979), Florida (Taylor 1960, Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Gulf of California (Dawson 1944, Norris, Aguilar-Rosas & Pedroche 2017), Mexico (Castaneda-Fernández de Lara et al. 2010 , Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), Mexico (Atlantic) (Ek García-García & al. 2020), Mexico (Pacific) (Mateo-Cid & al. 2020), North Carolina (Taylor 1960, Kapraun & Dunwoody 2002, Fujii et al 2006), Texas (Wynne 2009, Lehman 2013), Virginia (Humm 1979).

Central America: Mexico (Pacific) (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Barbados (Taylor 1960), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960), Martinique (Rodríguez-Prieto, Michanek & Ivon 1999, Delnatte & Wynne 2016), Puerto Rico (Taylor 1960), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977), Chile (Santelices 1989, Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Uruguay (Howe 1931 , Taylor 1960), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Algeria (Gómez Garreta & al. 2001), Eritrea (Lipkin & Silva 2002, Ateweberhan & Prud'homme van Reine 2005), Kenya (Silva & al. 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Libya (Nizamuddin 1978, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001), Madagascar (Silva & al. 1996, Vieira & al. 2021), Mauritania (Price, John & Lawson 1986, John & al. 2004), Mauritius (Børgesen 1945, Silva & al. 1996), Morocco (Dangeard 1949, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Moussa & al. 2018), Mozambique (Bandeira, António & Critchley 2001), Senegal (Price, John & Lawson 1986, John & al. 2004), Somalia (Silva & al. 1996), South Africa (Silva & al. 1996), Spanish North Africa (González García, Paredes Ruiz & Enrique Mirón 2017), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva & al. 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005), Tunisia (Meñez & Mathieson 1981, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Laccadive Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Maldives (Silva & al. 1996), Seychelles (Silva & al. 1996).

Middle East: Bahrain (Silva & al. 1996), Cyprus (Taskin & al. 2013, Tsiamis & al. 2014), Egypt (Aleem 1993, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Shabaka 2018), Iran (Silva & al. 1996, Sohrabipour & Rabii 1999, Kokabi & Yousefzadi 2015), Israel (Nemlich & Danin 1964, Hoffman 2004, Einav 2007, Einav & Israel 2008), Kuwait (Silva & al. 1996, Al-Yamani & al. 2014), Oman (Wynne 2018), Qatar (Silva & al. 1996), Saudi Arabia (Silva & al. 1996), Turkey (Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Taskin & al. 2008 , Taskin & al. 2008 , Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019), Yemen (Silva & al. 1996).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015), Levant states (Gómez Garreta & al. 2001), Pakistan (Silva & al. 1996), Sri Lanka (Silva & al. 1996).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014).

Asia: China (Liu 2008, Tseng 2009), Japan (Holmes 1896, Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Titlyanov & Titlyanova 2012, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2019), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986, Nam 2011), Russia (Kozhenkova 2009), Russia (Far East) (Perestenko 1980, Perestenko 1996, Kloczcova 1996), Russia (Sea of Japan) (Kozhenkova 2020), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Norfolk Island (Millar 1999 ), Queensland (Lewis 1984).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003), French Polynesia (Payri, N'Yeurt & Orempuller 2000, N'Yeurt & Payri 2010), New Caledonia (Payri 2007).

(as Laurencia dasyphylla (Woodward) Greville)
Europe: Ireland (Sanders 1860).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Chondriopsis dasyphylla (Woodward) J.Agardh)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Belous O.C., Titlyanova, T.B. & Titlyanov E.A. (2013). [Marine plants of Trinity Bay and adjacent waters (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan)]. pp. [1]-263. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka. [in Russian]

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2010). Marine algal flora of French Polynesia III. Rhodophyta, with additions to the Phaeophyceae and Chlorophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 3-205.

Nam, K.W. (2011). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 4, Number 3. Rhodophyta: Florideophyceae, Ceramiales: Rhodomelaceae: Laurencia, Chondrophycus, Palisada, Chondria. Marine red algae. pp. [1-6], 1-198, figs 1-141. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 1 Rødalger (Rhodophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 7: [1]-398, col. figs and distributional maps.

Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanova, T.V. (2012). Morskiye rasteniya stran Aziatsko-Tikhookeanskogo regiona, ikh ispol'zovaniye i kul'tivirovaniye [Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation]. pp. 376, 52 numbered figures, 162 plates. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2011). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. VII Ceramiales Rhodomelaceae. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-212, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7148 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

De Valéra, M. (1975). Contrasting features of apical growth in Chondria dasyphylla and C. tenuissima. British Phycological Journal 10: 314.
Gordon-Mills, E. (1987). Morphology and taxonomy of Chondria tenuissima and Chondria dasyphylla (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) from European waters. British Phycological Journal 22: 237-255.
Rao, C.S.P. & Gujarati, A.R. (1973). Second meiotic division in the tetrasporangium of Chondria dasyphylla (Woodw.) C. Ag.. Curr. Sci. 42: 361-362, 2 figs.
Åsen, P.A. (1980). A note on Chondria dasyphylla, Hymenoclonium serpens (Rhodophyta) and Bryopsis lyngbyei (chlorophyta) in Norway. British Phycological Journal 15: 73-75.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 July 2021.

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