163,964 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,784 images, 63,118 bibliographic items, 485,730 distributional records.

Gracilaria ferox J.Agardh 1852

Publication details
Gracilaria ferox J.Agardh 1852: 592

Published in: Agardh, J.G. (1852). Species genera et ordines algarum, seu descriptiones succinctae specierum, generum et ordinum, quibus algarum regnum constituitur. Volumis secundi: Algas florideas complectens. Part 2, fasc. 2. pp. 577-700 [701-720, Addenda and Index]. Lundae [Lund]: C.W.K. Gleerup.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gracilaria is Gracilaria compressa (C.Agardh) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Lectotype locality: Martinique (Oliveira Filho, Bird & McLachlan 1983: 3003). Lectotype (cystocarpic): received from L.I. Duperrey; herb. Agardh, LD 29118 (Oliveira Filho, Bird & McLachlan 1983: 3003, fig. 3). Notes: Lectotype: NY01089159 (Lyra et al., 2016: 1011)

Origin of species name
Adjective B (Latin), very thorny, fierce (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Gracilaria ferox J.Agardh)
Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Taylor 1960), Canary Islands (González Henríquez 1991).

North America: Florida (Taylor 1960), Mexico (Taylor 1960).

Central America: Costa Rica (Taylor 1960), Panama (Taylor 1960).

Caribbean Islands: Barbados (Taylor 1969), Caicos Islands (Taylor 1960), Cuba (Taylor 1960), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Martinique (Rodríguez-Prieto, Michanek & Ivon 1999), Puerto Rico (Taylor 1960), Trinidad (Richardson 1975), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1931, Taylor 1960, Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977), Colombia (Taylor 1960), Venezuela (Taylor 1960).

Key references
Iha, C., Grassa, C.J., de M.Lyra, G., Davis, C.C., Verbruggen, H. & Oliveira, M.C. (2018). Organellar genomics: a useful tool to study evolutionary relationships and molecular evolution in Gracilariaceae (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 54(6): 775-787.

Lyra, G. de M., Nunes, J.M. de C., Pestana, E.M. dos S., Matos, J.C.G de, Caires, T.A., Jesus, P.B. de, Costa, E.S. & Oliviera, M.C. (2021). Diversity fo Gracilariaceae (Rhodophyta) in Brazil: integrating morphological and molecular data. Phytotaxa 496: 1-53, 15 figs, 1 table, 2 Supplementary tables .

Lyra, G.D.M., Gurgel, C.F.D., Costa, E.D.S., de Jesus, P.B., Oliveira, M.C., Oliveira, E.C., Davis, C.C. & Nunes, J.M.D.C. (2016). Delimitating cryptic species in the Gracilaria domingensis complex (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta) using molecular and morphological data. J. Phycol. 52(6): 997-1017, 9 fig., 1 table.

Oliveira Filho, E.C. de, Bird, C.J. & McLachlan, J. (1983). The genus Gracilaria (Rhodophyta, Gigartiales) in the western Atlantic, Gracilaria domingensis, G. cervicornis, and G. ferox. Canadian Journal of Botany 61: 2999-3008, 17 figs, 1 table.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Created: 12 February 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 12 April 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1849 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

González Henríquez, N. (1991). Gracilaria ferox J. Agardh, nuevo taxon para la Isla de Gran Canaria. Acta Botánica Malacitana 16(1): 59-62.
Oliveira Filho, E.C. de, Bird, C.J. & McLachlan, J. (1983). The genus Gracilaria (Rhodophyta, Gigartiales) in the western Atlantic, Gracilaria domingensis, G. cervicornis, and G. ferox. Canadian Journal of Botany 61: 2999-3008, 17 figs, 1 table.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=16803

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 28 October 2021.

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