160,199 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,604 images, 62,290 bibliographic items, 471,479 distributional records.

Gracilaria arcuata Zanardini 1858

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gracilariales
Family Gracilariaceae
Subfamily Gracilarioideae
Tribe Gracilarieae
Genus Gracilaria

Pictures

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Gracilaria arcuata Zanardini
1, 2. Habit (in aquarium). 3. Natural habitat in the upper subtidal zone (Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Gracilaria arcuata Zanardini
Hawaii; scale 5 mm. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Gracilaria arcuata Zanardini
Hsiao-Liuchiu island, Pingtong County, Taiwan. 1992. 5. 22. Photo by Huang Su-fang, National Taiwan Museum, from http://www.ntm.gov.tw/seaweeds.. Huang Su-fang. © Sue Huang (sfhuang@ntm.gov.tw).

 

Rosenvingea sanctae-crucis var. scytosiphonoides A.K.Islam

Gracilaria arcuata Zanardini 1, 2. Habit (in aquarium). 3. Natural habitat in the upper subtidal zone (Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam).
© Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru)

Publication details
Gracilaria arcuata Zanardini 1858: 265, pl. 5: fig. 2

Published in: Zanardini, J.[=G.] (1858 '1857'). Plantarum in mari Rubro hucusque collectarum enumerato (juvante A. Figari). Memoirie del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti 7: 209-309, pls III-XIV.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gracilaria is Gracilaria compressa (C.Agardh) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Aquaba (Akaba), Jordan (Silva & al. 1996: 155). Type: Museo Civico, Venice? (Yoshida 1998: 813). Notes: Abott (1988, 1994) cites the Red Sea as the type locality.

Origin of species name
Participle A (Latin), curved, like a bow (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
According to Umamaheswara Rao (1974b: 673-674), the name Gracilaria compressa has been misapplied to this species by Børgesen (1937a: 48) and V.Krishnamurthy & H.Joshi (1970: 21)

Distributional notes
This species was introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 165) via the Suez Canal, being first reported from Tunisia prior to 1931. - (5 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
On rock flat ca. 30 cm below low water; on stones in Caulerpa racemosa community growing on calcareous sand, ca. 30 cm below low water; on sponge, ca. 15 cm below low water (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (31 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Gracilaria arcuata Zanardini)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

Africa: Djibouti (Silva & al. 1996), Eritrea (Lipkin & Silva 2002), Ethiopia (Papenfuss 1968), Kenya (Silva & al. 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Mauritius (Børgesen 1943, Silva & al. 1996), Mozambique (Bandeira, António & Critchley 2001), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva & al. 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005), Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva & al. 1996).

Middle East: Egypt (Papenfuss 1968, Issa et al. 2014), Iran (Kokabi & Yousefzadi 2015), Israel (Israel & Einav 2017), Jordan (Papenfuss 1968), Oman (Silva & al. 1996, Wynne 2018), Turkey (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin & al. 2008, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-west Asia: India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015), Pakistan (Silva & al. 1996), Sri Lanka (Silva & al. 1996).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Tseng & Xia 1999, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Philippines (Abbott 1985, Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Abbott 1994, Kapraun & Dunwoody 2002, Gurgel et al. 2004, Liao, Belleza & Gerldino 2013, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Pham & al. 2011), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Nguyen H. Dinh 1992, Tseng & Xia 1999, Ohno, Terada & Yamamoto 1999, Tsutsui et al. 2005, Titlyanov & Titlyanov 2012, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Xia & Yamamoto 1985, Bangmei 1985, Xia & Zhang 1999, Tseng & Xia 1999, Xia & Zhang 1999, Liu 2008, Liu 2008, Liu 2008, Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov & al. 2016), Japan (Xia & Yamamoto 1985, Yamamoto 1985, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986, Lee & Kang 2001), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Chiang 1985, Lewis & Norris 1987, Huang 2000, Shao 2003-2014), Xisha Islands (Xia & Yamamoto 1985).

Australia and New Zealand: Papua New Guinea (Coppejans & Millar 2000), Queensland (Lewis 1984, Cribb 1996, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), Western Australia (Huisman 2018).

Pacific Islands: Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003 , Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Fiji (South & Skelton 2003, Littler & Littler 2003), Guam (Tsuda 1985), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), New Caledonia (Payri 2007).

Key references
Abbott, I.A. (1988). Some species of Gracilaria and Polycavernosa from the Siboga Expedition. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 151-156. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College Program [Report T-CSGCP-018].

Abbott, I.A. (1994). New records and a reassessment of Gracilaria (Rhodophyta) from the Philippines. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 111-118. Calif. Sea Grant College.

Aleem, A.A. (1948). The recent migration of certain Indo-Pacific algae from the Red Sea into the Mediterranean. New Phytologist 47: 88-94, 1 fig., 2 pls.

Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Chiang, Y.M. (1985). Gracilaria from Taiwan: key, list and distribution of the species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 81-83. California Sea Grant College Program.

Huisman, J.M. (2018). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. pp. [i]-xii, 1-672, 189 figs. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Kapraun, D.F. & Dunwoody, J.T. (2002). Relationship of nuclear genome size to some reproductive cell parameters in the Florideophycidae (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 41: 507-516.

Nguyen H. Dinh (1992). Vietnamese species of Gracilaria and Gracilariopsis. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.3, pp. 207-210. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College.

Ohno, M., Terada, R. & Yamamoto, H. (1999). The species of Gracilaria from Vietnam. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 99-111. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Trono, G.C., Jr (1997). Field guide and atlas of the seaweed resourves of the Philippines. pp. [i]-xx.[1]-306, 168 figs. Makati City, The Philippines: Bookmark, Inc..

Tsuda, R.T. (1985). Gracilaria from Micronesia: key, list and distribution of the species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 91-92. California Sea Grant College Program.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photographs and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Xia, B.M. & Yamamoto, H. (1985). Gracilaria species from both China and Japan: key, list and distribution of common and economically important species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 69-70. California Sea Grant College Program.

Xia, B.M. (1985). Gracilaria from China: key, list and distribution of the species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 71-76. California Sea Grant College Program.

Yamamoto, H. (1985). Gracilaria from Japan: Vegetative and reproductive keys and list of the species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 77-80. California Sea Grant College Program.

Created: 22 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 04 March 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5339 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Tako, M., Higa, M., Medoruma, K. & Nakasone, Y. (1999). A highly methylated agar from red seaweed, Gracilaria arcuata. Botanica Marina 42: 513-517, 3 figs, 1 table.
Yamamoto, H. (1990). In vitro life history and spermatangial pattern of Gracilaria arcuata Zanardini (Gracilariaceae) from the Philippines. Bull. Fac. Fish. Hokkaido Univ. 41(4): 145-148, 2 fig.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 06 March 2021.

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