Polysiphonia brodiei ( )
Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel Kilkee, Co. Clare, Ireland; mid-shore rock pools
© Michael Guiry (email@example.com)
Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel 1827: 349 (as 'brodiaei' )
Published in: Sprengel, K.[P.J.] (1827). Systema vegetabilium Editio decima sexta. Voluminis IV. Pars I. Classis 24. Vol. 4 pp. [i]-iv, -592. Gottingae [Göttingen]: sumtibus Librariae Dieterichianae.
The type species (holotype) of the genus Polysiphonia is Polysiphonia urceolata (Lightfoot ex Dillwyn) Greville.
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Leptosiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) A.M.Savoie & G.W.Saunders
Conferva brodiei Dillwyn
Lectotype locality: Bantry Bay, (Co. Cork,) Ireland (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 537). Lectotype: Miss Ellen Hutchins; 24.vi.1807; BM-K (Maggs & Hommersand 1993: 314). Notes: This type locality was first recorded by Womersley (1979: 497).
Named for James Brodie, Scottish Naturalist; generally misspelled “brodiaei”.
Originally and generally misspelled as “brodiaei”; see Silva, Basson & Moe (1996: 537). Although Hollenberg (1944: 477) gave Scotland as the type locality, the figures (Dillwyn 1809, pl. 107) accompanying the original description are based on material collected by Miss Ellen Hutchins at Bantry Bay, Co. Cork, Ireland (see Womersley, 1979: 497). See Silva, Basson & Moe (1996) regarding orthography of the specific epithet (Guiry, 1997).
This is a marine species.
(as Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel)
English: Brodie's Siphon Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).
Cartilaginous, cylindrical, tufted, dark purple-red fronds, to 300 mm long, from small conical basal disc. Branches irregular to pseudodichotomous, densely clothed with short, slender, much-divided branchlets, forming the distinct tufts characteristic of this species. Central siphon of main axes with 6-8 primary pericentral siphons and as many alternating secondary pericentral siphons, surrounded by small corticating cells. Branchlets ecorticate, with fewer pericentral siphons, articulations about as long as broad.
On rocks, stones, shells and corallines, mid-intertidal pools to subtidal, especially on exposed shores, generally distributed, common. According to Womersley (2003: 205), this species is usually found in or near harbour areas and may be spreading.
Source of current name
Savoie, A.M. & Saunders, G.W. (2018 '2019'). A molecular assessment of species diversity and generic boundaries in the red algal tribes Polysiphonieae and Streblocladieae (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) in Canada. European Journal of Phycology 54(1): 1-25.
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. , 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.
Diaz-Tapia, P., Kim, M.S., Secilla, A., Bárbara, I. & Cremades, J. (2013). Taxonomic reassessment of Polysiphonia foetidissima (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) and similar species, including P. schneideri, a newly introduced species in Europe. European Journal of Phycology 48(4): 345-362.
Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. -215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.
Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.
Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.
Nam, K.W. & Kang, P.J. (2012). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 4, Number 4. Rhodophyta: Ceramiales: Rhodomelaceae: 18 genera including Herposiphonia. pp. [1-6], 1-178, figs 1-102. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.
Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Womersley, H.B.S. (2003). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIID Ceramiales - Delesseriaceae, Sarcomeniaceae, Rhodomelaceae. pp. -533, 226 figs, 2 pls. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & State Herbarium of South Australia.
Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]
Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 08 March 2019 by Wendy Guiry
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Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 06 December 2019.