Polysiphonia fucoides ( )
Polysiphonia fucoides (Hudson) Greville Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; sandy rocks at low water
© Michael Guiry (email@example.com)
Polysiphonia fucoides (Hudson) Greville 1824: 308
Published in: Greville, R.K. (1824). Flora edinensis: or a description of plants growing near Edinburgh, arranged according to the Linnean system, with a concise introduction to the natural orders of the class Cryptogamia, and illustrated plates. pp. i-lxxxi, 1-478. Edinburgh: Printed for William Blackwood, Edinburgh; and T. Cadell, Strand, London.
The type species (holotype) of the genus Polysiphonia is Polysiphonia urceolata (Lightfoot ex Dillwyn) Greville.
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Vertebrata fucoides (Hudson) Kuntze
Conferva fucoides Hudson
Type locality: York, England (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 541). Neotype: undated, unlocalised; herb. Lightfoot “names repeatedly by Hudson C. fucoides” BM-K (Maggs & Hommersand 1993: 338). Notes: See also Irvine & Dixon (1982). BM 807101.
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
John et al. (2004) cite Polysiphonia myriococca Mont., P. subulata (Ducluz.) J. Agardh, P. violacea (Huds.) Grev. and P. violacea var. subulata (Ducluz.) Hauck as synonyms of this species.
This species was introduced accidentally, probably via fishing baits and shipping, and on multiple occasions, into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 2011), being first found in the Etang de Prevost (France) in 1988. It is now widely distributed in the Mediterranean. - (5 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry
Mid to low intertidal of sand-covered rocks from moderately to extremely wave-exposed sites (Diaz-Tapia & Bárbara 2013). - (27 Jan 2014) - Wendy Guiry
This is a marine species.
(as Polysiphonia fucoides (Hudson) Greville)
English: Black Siphon Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).
Swedish: Fjäderslick (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).
Cartilaginous, cylindrical, tufted, brownish purple fronds, to 300 mm long (more usually about 70 mm long), from branched rhizoidal holdfast. Branching ± alternate, tripinnate, ramuli with terminal tufts of colourless dichotomous fibrils. Plants perennial, ramuli and branchlets shed in winter, leaving jagged stumps. Large central siphon surrounded by 12-20 pericentral siphons, corticated only at base. Articulations as long as broad in older parts, to 1.5 times as long as broad distally.
On rocks and epiphytic, intertidal at all levels, often in shallow pools and runnels, widely distributed, common.
Source of current name
Díaz-Tapia, P., McIvor, L., Freshwater, D.W., Verbruggen, H., Wynne, M.J. & Maggs, C.A. (2017). The genera Melanothamnus Bornet & Falkenberg and Vertebrata S.F. Gray constitute well-defined clades of the red algal tribe Polysiphonieae (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales). European Journal of Phycology 52(1): 1-20, 77 figs.
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. , 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.
Díaz-Tapia, P. & Bárbara, I. (2013). Seaweeds from sand-covered rocks of the Atlantic Iberian Peninsula. Part. 1. The Rhodomelaceae (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 34(4): 325-422.
Larsen, A. & Sand-Jensen, K. (2005). Salt tolerance and distribution of estuarine benthic macroalgae in the Kattegat-Baltic Sea area. Phycologia 45: 13-23.
Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. -215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.
Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.
Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.
Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp.  7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.
Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. -362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.
Vinogradova, K.L. (2011). The order Ceramiales (Rhodophyta) in the flora of the Arctic Ocean. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 96(6): 681-695.
Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 01 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7679 times since it was created.
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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 February 2020.