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Liagora valida Harvey 1853

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Nemaliophycidae
Order Nemaliales
Family Liagoraceae
Genus Liagora

Pictures

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Liagora valida Harvey
Hawaii; scale is 5 mm. 01 Jul 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Liagora valida Harvey
Panama. Saboga-Las Perlas. Habit showing dichotomous branching — note carposporophytes as red dots on lower branch surfaces.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Liagora valida Harvey
Panama. Longitudinal medullary filaments giving rise to dichotomously branched cortical filaments.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Liagora valida Harvey
Panama. Developing densely packed carposporophyte.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Liagora valida Harvey
Panama. Dichotomously branched cortical filaments.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Liagora valida Harvey
Panama. Slightly incurved carpogonial branch.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Liagora valida Harvey
Panama. Saboga-Las Perlas. In situ growing on rubble.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Liagora valida Harvey
Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

 

Ectocarpus landsburgii Harvey

Liagora valida Harvey Hawaii; scale is 5 mm
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Liagora valida Harvey 1853: 138, pl. 31A: figs 1-5

Published in: Harvey, W.H. (1853). Nereis boreali-americana; or, contributions towards a history of the marine algae of the atlantic and pacific coasts of North America. Part II. Rhodospermeae. Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge 5(5): [i-ii], [1]-258, pls XIII-XXXVI.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Liagora is Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Titanophycus validus (Harvey) Huisman, G.W.Saunders & A.R.Sherwood

Type information
Type locality: Sand Key, Florida, USA (Silva & al. 1996: 127). Lectotype: TCD (Huisman 2002: 788, fig. 40).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
According to Børgesen (1949a: 28-29), the name Liagora fragilis has been misapplied to this species by De Toni & Levy (1888: 65); Jadin (1935: 162), Børgesen (1942: 37). John et al. (2004) cite Liagora fragilis Zanardini as a synonym of this species.

Habitat notes
on rock or coral at depths ranging from intertidal pools down to 15 m (Huisman 2002). - (9 Apr 2014) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Liagora valida Harvey)
Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Haroun & al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Moro & al. 2011), Cape Verde Islands (Otero-Schmitt & Sanjuan 1992, John & al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, John & al. 2004).

North America: Florida (Taylor 1960).

Central America: Belize (Taylor 1960, Norris & Bucher 1982), Costa Rica (Taylor 1945), Panama (Taylor 1960).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Barbados (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Caicos Islands (Taylor 1960), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cayman Islands (Taylor 1960), Cuba (Taylor 1960, Suárez 2005), Guadeloupe (Huisman 2002), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960, Betancourt & Herrera-Moreno, 2001), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Puerto Rico (Taylor 1960), Saint Martin (Huisman 2002), St. Eustatius (van der Loos & Prud'homme van Reine 2015), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977, Nunes 2005), Colombia (Schnetter 1969, Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003).

Africa: Kenya (Silva & al. 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Madagascar (Silva & al. 1996), Mauritius (Børgesen 1949, Silva & al. 1996), Mozambique (Silva & al. 1996), South Africa (Silva & al. 1996).

Indian Ocean Islands: Comoros and Mayotte (Silva & al. 1996).

South-west Asia: Persian Gulf (Silva & al. 1996), Sri Lanka (Silva & al. 1996).

South-east Asia: Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987), Vietnam (Abbott, Fisher & McDermid 2002).

Asia: China (Liu 2008), Japan (Okamura 1936), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Lewis 1984, Cribb 1996, Phillips 1997, Huisman 2000, Phillips 2002), Western Australia (Huisman 2000, Huisman & Borowitzka 2003).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003, Littler & Littler 2003), Hawaiian Islands (Abbott 1999, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007), Marshall Islands (Taylor 1950), New Caledonia (Payri 2007).

Source of current name
Huisman, J.M., Saunders, G.W. & Sherwood, A.W. (2006). Recognition of Titanophycus, a new genus based on Liagora valida Harv. (Liagoraceae, Nemaliales). In: Algae of Australia Nemaliales. (McCarthy, P.M. Eds), pp. 116-119. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Key references
Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Desikachary, T.V., Balakrishnan, M.S. & Krishnamurthy, V. (1990). Florideophycidae Palmariales - Gelidiales. In: Rhodophyta. II. Taxonomy part. Part IIA. (Desikachary, T.V., Krishnamurthy, V. & Balakrishnan, M.S. Eds), pp. 47-214. Madras, India: Madras Science Foundation.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Huisman, J.M., Saunders, G.W. & Sherwood, A.W. (2006). Titanophycus. In: Algae of Australia Nemaliales. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 81-82. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Nunes, J.M. de C. (2005). A família Liagoraceae (Rhodophyta, Nemaliales) no estado da Bahia, Brasil. Hoehnea 32(3): 429-444.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Zeng, C. (Tseng, C.K.), Luan, R., Chen, Z. & Li, W. (2005). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. II Acrochaetiales Nemaliales Bonnemaisoniales. pp. [i-vii], i-xxiii, 1-180 , pls I-VIII. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 29 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 June 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4244 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Abbott, I.A. & Yoshizaki, M. (1982). Liagora valida Harvey (Rhodophyta) from Sand Key, Florida. Japanese Journal of Phycology 30: 9-14.
Huisman, J.M., Saunders, G.W. & Sherwood, A.W. (2006). Recognition of Titanophycus, a new genus based on Liagora valida Harv. (Liagoraceae, Nemaliales). In: Algae of Australia Nemaliales. (McCarthy, P.M. Eds), pp. 116-119. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=1811

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 September 2021.

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