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Sargassum wightii Greville ex J.Agardh

Publication details
Sargassum wightii Greville ex J.Agardh 1848: 329 (as 'Wigtii' )

Published in: Agardh, J.G. (1848). Species genera et ordines algarum, seu descriptiones succinctae specierum, generum et ordinum, quibus algarum regnum constituitur. Volumen Primum. Algas fucoideas complectens. pp. [i-vi], [i]-viii, [1]-363. Lundae [Lund]: C.W.K. Gleerup.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Sargassum is Sargassum bacciferum (Turner) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Sargassum swartzii C.Agardh

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Sargassum Section Binderianae

Eponomy
Named for Robert Wight (1796-1877), British surgeon and botanist, who held various positions in India, as a surgeon and as Superintendant of the Botanic Gardens at Madras.dras

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
Included in section Binderianae by Matteo et al. 2010 (formerly in section Acanthocarpicae). - (11 Aug 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Distributional notes
Indies orientale, MEL 696678 (Noro et al, 1994). Santelices (1994: 37), referring to Gelidium amansii, notes that this location (Indies orientales) has come to mean the general vicinity of India and Sri Lanka.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: "Hab. in mari Indieco, ad oras Hindostaniae [Persia] (Wigt! [Robert Wight] in Hb. Hookerii 'sub n:o 246 et 248)." (Agardh 1848: 329). Holotype: Herbarium of Wight (Noro, Ajisaka & Yoshida 1994: 29). Notes: According to Noro et al. (1994), the Indian Ocean is the type locality. Isotype (Indies orientale) in MEL (MEL 696678). Matteo et al. (2010: 902) give the following data: syntypes: India, TCD 1120, 1121. This seems unlikely as the types should be in BM-K.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Sargassum wightii Greville ex J.Agardh)
Africa: Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007).

Indian Ocean Islands: Andaman Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Christmas Island (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Indian Ocean (Noro, Ajisaka & Yoshida 1994), Nicobar Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Ahmed et al. 2009), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Arunkumar et al 2005, Athiperumalsami et al. 2010, Suryanarayanan et al. 2010), Pakistan (Aisha & Shameel 2017), Sri Lanka (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-east Asia: Malaysia (Phillips 1995, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Asia: China (Tseng & Baoren 1995, Tseng & Lu 2000, Liu 2008), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016).

Key references
Arunkumar, K., Selvapalam, N. & Rengasamy, R. (2005). The antibacterial compound sulphoglycerolipid 1-0 palmitoyl-3-0(6'-sulpho-alpha-quinovopyranosyl)-glycerol from Sargassum wightii Greville (Phaeophyceae). Botanica Marina 48(5/6): 441-445.

De Toni, G.B. (1895). Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Vol. III. Fucoideae. Vol. 3 pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-638. Patavii [Padua]: Sumptibus auctoris.

Noro, T., Ajisaka, T. & Yoshida, T. (1994). Species of Sargassum subgenus Sargassum (Fucales) with compressed primary branches. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 23-31. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College Program.

Phillips, N. (1995). Biogeography of Sargassum (Phaeophyta) in the Pacific basin. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol. 5, pp. 107-145. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Tseng, C.K. & Baoren, L (1995). Studies on the glomerulate Sargassum of China: II. The species group Swartzia. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.5, pp. 75-92. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Created: 03 November 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 15 August 2012 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3882 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Arunkumar, K., Selvapalam, N. & Rengasamy, R. (2005). The antibacterial compound sulphoglycerolipid 1-0 palmitoyl-3-0(6'-sulpho-alpha-quinovopyranosyl)-glycerol from Sargassum wightii Greville (Phaeophyceae). Botanica Marina 48(5/6): 441-445.
Umamaheswara Rao, M. (1969). Seasonal variations in growth, alginic acid and mannitol contents of Sargassum wightii and Turbinaria conoides from the Gulf of Mannar, India. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 6: 579-584.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Michael Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 January 2020.

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