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Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont

Empire Prokaryota
Kingdom Eubacteria
Subkingdom Negibacteria
Phylum Cyanobacteria
Class Cyanophyceae
Subclass Oscillatoriophycidae
Order Oscillatoriales
Family Oscillatoriaceae
Genus Lyngbya


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Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Hawaii; scale 1 cm. 01 Jul 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
On sand. From Littler, D.S., M.M. Littler & M.D. Hanisak (2008) Submersed Plants of the Indian River Lagoon: A Floristic Inventory and Field Guide. OffShore Graphics, Inc., Washington, DC. Distributed by Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution.

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
Floating masses. From Littler, D.S., M.M. Littler & M.D. Hanisak (2008) Submersed Plants of the Indian River Lagoon: A Floristic Inventory and Field Guide. OffShore Graphics, Inc., Washington, DC. Distributed by Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institut. Diane Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont
From Littler, D.S., M.M. Littler & M.D. Hanisak (2008) Submersed Plants of the Indian River Lagoon. Purchase information. Diane Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

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15 Found - Displaying 11 through 15


Polysiphonia profunda Hollenberg

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont Palau Islands, West Pacific
© Palau International Coral Reef Center

Publication details
Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont 1892: 131, pl. III [3]: figs 3, 4

Published in: Gomont, M. (1892 '1893'). Monographie des Oscillariées (Nostocacées Homocystées). Deuxième partie. - Lyngbyées. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Série 7 16: 91-264, pls 1-7.
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Publication date: 1 January 1892

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Lyngbya is Lyngbya confervoides C.Agardh ex Gomont.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva majuscula Dillwyn 1809
Oscillatoria majuscula (Dillwyn) Dillwyn 1817
Elisa majuscula (Dillwyn) S.F.Gray 1821
Phormidium majusculum (Dillwyn) Kützing 1843

Nomenclatural notes
While Harvey (1833: 370) cites Conferva majuscula Dillwyn (1809) in synonymy, Gomont attributes the name to Harvey (1833); Gomont says in relation to Conferva majuscula Dillwyn "synon. dub."! and goes on to say "Faute d'échantillons authentiques, nous ne pouvons faire remonter avec certitude au delà de Harvey le nom de Lyngbya majuscula." and adds further comments about Dillwyn's materials. - (29 Jul 2014) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Widespread in warm and temperate waters; on Halimeda discoidea (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (28 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Whitton (2011: 91) makes a strong statement about this species: "WARNING! Material of this species from other countries has been shown to contain several biologically highly active molecules and should be treated as a possible carcinogenic risk: minimise contact with the skin." Saxitoxin-producing species (Mohamed & Al-Shehri 2015). Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (2 May 2014) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Type information
for type details see Conferva majuscula Dillwyn

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Chu Hoajan [Chu, H.J.] et al. (2007). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis Tomus IX Cyanophyta Hormogonophyceae. pp. [1-8], i-xviii, 1-312, incl. pls I-CIX. Beijing: Science Press.

Engene, N., Coates, R.C. & Gerwick, W.H. (2010). 16S rRNA gene heterogeneity in the filamentous marine cyanobacterial genus Lyngbya. Journal of Phycology 46(3): 591-601.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Harvey, W.H. (1833). Div. II. Confervoideae; Div. III. Gloiocladeae. In: The English Flora of Sir James Edward Smith. Class XXIV. Cryptogamia. Vol. V. (or Vol. II of Dr. Hooker's British flora). Part I. Comprising the Mosses, Hepaticae, Lichens, Characeae and Algae. (Hooker, W.J. Eds), pp. 263-265, 265-266, 326-389, 389-405. London: Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans Paternoster-Row.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Komárek, J. & Anagnostidis, K. (2005). Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Cyanoprokaryota: 2. Teil/2nd Part: Oscillatoriales. Vol. 19 pp. 1-759. München: Elsevier Spektrum Akademischer Verlag.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Lipkin, Y. & Silva, P.C. (2002). Marine algae and seagrasses of the Dahlak Archipelago, southern Red Sea. Nova Hedwigia 75(1-2): 1-90, 7 figs.

Ulcay, S., Taskin, E., Kurt, O. & Öztürk, M. (2014). Marine benthic Cyanobacteria in Northern Cyprus (Eastern Mediterranean Sea). Turkish Journal of Botany 39: 173-188.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2017). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus I Cyanophyta. pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-176, pls I-IV. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 04 August 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 August 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 9725 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Lundgren, P., Bauer, K., Lugomela, C., Söderbäck, E. & Bergman, B. (2003). Reevaluation of the nitrogen fixation behaviour in the marine non-heterocystous cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. Journal of Phycology 39: 310-314.
Osborne, N.J.T., Webb, P.M. & Shaw, G.R. (2001). The toxins of Lyngbya majuscula and their human and ecological health effects. Env. Int. 27: 381-392.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 10 December 2019.

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