160,128 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,602 images, 62,228 bibliographic items, 471,446 distributional records.

Codium tomentosum Stackhouse 1797

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Codiaceae
Genus Codium


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Zygnema tenue Kützing

Codium tomentosum Stackhouse Galicia, Spain, 2015
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Codium tomentosum Stackhouse 1797: xxiv

Published in: Stackhouse, J. (1797). Nereis britannica; continens species omnes fucorum in insulis britannicis crescentium: descriptione latine et anglico, necnon iconibus ad vivum depictis... Fasc. 2. pp. ix-xxiv, 31-70, pls IX-XIII. Bathoniae [Bath] & Londini [London]: S. Hazard; J. White.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Codium.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Neotype locality: Acton Castle, Cornwall, England (Silva 1955: 571). Neotype: LINN (Silva 1955: 571). Notes: "Type. 'On the Devonshire and Cornwall Coasts: on the Long Rock between Marazion and Pensance1 plentiful. Hon. Mr. Wenman' (specimen not located). In the absence of the holotype, I have selected as neotype a specimen in the Linnean Society collected at Acton Castle, presumably by Stackhouse."

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), tomentose, i.e., thickly and evenly covered with short more or less adpressed curled or curved matted hairs (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Spongia dichotoma Hudson 1762
Fucus tomentosus Hudson 1778
Fucus tomentosus var. marginifer Turner 1811
Codium dichotomum S.F.Gray 1821
Codium dichotomum var. marginiferum S.F.Gray 1821
Agardhia dichotoma Ant.Cabrera 1823

Taxonomic notes
According to Silva et al. (1996) the name Codium dichotomum has been misapplied to this species by Børgesen (1949a: 22-23) and Brown & Jarman (1978: 1256).

Distributional notes
Although frequently reported for the Mediterranean Sea, the presence of this species in the area needs reassessment. Records of this species for Corsica, Sicily, Adriatic, Greece, Turkey, Libya and Tunisia probably refer to Codium vermilara (Gallardo et al., 1993). Records from the west coast of Africa should also be treated with suspicion (Lawson & Price, 1969; Lawson & John 1987 ).

Restricted to North Africa and Europe? (Silva et al., 1996; Verbruggen & Costa, 2015). - (26 Jun 2015) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Codium tomentosum Stackhouse)
Indonesian: Soesoe lopek (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Portuguese: Chorão, Chorão do mar, Pingarelhos (Oliveira, 1990).

(as Codium dichotomum S.F.Gray)
Japanese: Imose-miru, Yezo-miru (Tokida 1954).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Kim, G.H. & Klochkova, T.A. (2010). Bryopsidales. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 1, Number 1. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae: Ulotrichales, Ulvales, Cladophorales, Bryopsidales. Marine green algae. (Bae, E.H., Kim, H.-S., Kwon, C.-J., Hwang, I.-K., Kim, G.H. & Klochkova, T.A. Eds), pp. 157-209. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Newton, L.M. (1953). Marine algae. Scientific Reports of the John Murray Expedition 1933-34 9(5): 395-420, pls I-IV.

Nizamuddin, M. (1991). The green marine algae of Libya. pp. 1-230. Bern: El-Faateh University, Department of Botany.

Zemke-White, W.L. & Ohno, M. (1999). World seaweed utilisation: an end-of-century summary. Journal of Applied Phycology 11: 369-376.

Created: 06 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 03 February 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 23479 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Cires Rodriguez, E. & Rico Ordás, J.M. (2007). Distribución, crecimiento y fenología del alga invasora Codium fragile y su congénere nativa Codium tomentosum. In: (Real Instituto de Estudios Asturianos, eds.) I Congreso de Estudios Asturianos (2006) Tomo VI. Comisión de Ciencias de la Naturaleza y Tecnología, Oviedo, pp. 145-161. ( Eds)
Hassoun, M., Salhi, G., Boukssir, H., Moussa, H., Riadi, H. & Kazzaz, M. (2015). Codium tomentosum var. mucronatum et son epiphyte Aglaothamnion pseudobyssoides, deux nouvelles espèces d'algues benthiques pour la phycoflore du Maroc. Acta Botanica Malacinata 39: 37-44.
Tobler, G. (1911). Zur organisation des thallus von Codium tomentosum. Flora 103: 78-87.
Trowbridge, C.D. (2001). Coexistence of introduced and native congeneric algae: Codium fragile and C. tomentosum on Irish rocky intertidal shores. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 81: 931-937.
Trowbridge, C.D., Farnham, W.F. & White, L.F. (2004). Thriving populations of the native macroalga Codium tomentosum on Guernsey rocky shores. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 84: 873-877.
Went, F.A.F.C. (1889). Les modes de reproduction du Codium tomentosum. Nedserl. Kruidk. Archf. Ser. 2, 5: 440-444.
Williams, M.M. (1925). Contributions to the cytology and phylogeny of the siphonaceous algae. I. The cytology of the gametangia of Codium tomentosum (Stack.). Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 50: 98-111.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 02 March 2021.

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