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Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje 1829

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Codiaceae
Genus Codium

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje
Ría de Cedeira, Galicia, Spain, 2016. 24 Dec 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje
Ría de Cedeira, Galicia, Spain, 2016. 24 Dec 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje
Cabo de Palos, Murcia, Spain. 13 Oct 2013. Isabel Rubio Perez. © marmenormarmayor.es.

Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje
Cabo de Palos, Murcia, Spain. 21 Nov 2011. Isabel Rubio Perez. © marmenormarmayor.es.

Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje
Selce, northern Croatia. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje
subtidal (-22m), Spain, Galicia, Ría de Coruña, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje
Spain, Galicia, Lugo, Peinzás, 2000; utricle with hair cell. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje
Spain, Galicia, Lugo, Peinzás, 2000; utricles with hair cells. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje
Spain, Galicia, Lugo, Peinzás, 2000; utricles. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje
microscope, sporangium; Spain, Galicia, Ría de Betanzos, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje Spain, Galicia, Lugo, Peinzás, 2000; utricles with hair cells
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje 1829: pl. 14

Published in: Delle Chiaje, S. (1829). Hydrophytologiae Regni Neapolitani icones. Algarum Regni Neapolis descriptiones et icones cura ac studio SDC editae. Distributio I. pp. 1-16, pls I-L [1-50]. Neapoli [Naples]: ex typographia Cataneo et Fernandes.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Codium is Codium tomentosum Stackhouse.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Lamarckia vermilara Olivi

Type information
Neotype locality: Portore, Croatia (Silva 1955: 572). Neotype: Zay; UC sine numero (Silva 1955: 572). Notes: "Type. No specimens mentioned in original description. I have selected as neotype a specimen in the Herbarium of the University of California at Berkeley distributed as Flora Exsiccata Austro-Hungarica no. 794 under the name C. tomentosum, collected by Zay at Portore, Croatia."

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Lamarckia vermilara Olivi 1792
Myrsidrum vermilara (Olivi) Rafinesque 1810

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Spongodium commune Bory 1828
Codium tobrukense M.Nizamuddin & El Menifi Fathalla 1993
Codium tobrukense f. elmasirense M.Nizamuddin & El Menifi Fathalla 1993

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Codium vermilara (Olivi) Delle Chiaje)
Atlantic Islands: Azores (Sangil et al. 2018, Neto & al. 2020), Canary Islands (Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun & al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Sangil, Sansón & Afonso-Carrillo 2005, Moro & al. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Salvage Islands (Parente & al. 2000, John & al. 2004).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Gallardo & al. 1993, Battelli & Vukovic 1995, Battelli 1996), Apulia (Bottalico & al. 2016), Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Balearic Islands (Ribera Siguán, Gómez Garreta & Seoane-Camba 1982, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1985, Gallardo & al. 1993), Black Sea (Gallardo & al. 1993, Milchakova 2011, Kolyuchkina & al. 2018), Britain (Burrows 1991, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie & al. 2007, Brodie & al. 2015), Channel Islands (Dixon 1961, Trowbridge, Farnham & White 2004, Trowbridge & Farnham 2004), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Gallardo & al. 1993), Crimea (Sadogurskiy, Belich & Sadogurskaya 2019), France (Feldmann & Magne 1964, Coppejans 1972, Gallardo & al. 1993, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), Greece (Athanasiadis 1987, Gallardo & al. 1993, Tsiamis & al. ), Ireland (Parkes 1975, Guiry 1978, De Valéra & al. 1979, Burrows 1991, Morton 1994, Prince & Trowbridge 2004, Guiry 2012), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Cinelli 1971, Gallardo & al. 1993, Gallardo & al. 1993, Cecere & al. 1996, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (Ardré 1970, Araújo & al. 2009, Bárbara et al. 2012), Romania (Caraus 2017), Spain (Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Barcelo & Seoane 1982, Pérez-Ruzafa & Honrubia 1984, Gallardo & al. 1985, Rodriguez Prieto & Polo Alberti 1988, Pérez-Cirera, Cremades & Bárbara 1989, Soto & Conde 1989, Pérez-Ruzafa et al. 1991, López Rodríguez & Cremades & Bárbara 1991, Conde Poyales 1992, Gallardo & al. 1993, Flores-Moya et al. 1994, Flores-Moya et al. 1995, Bárbara et al. 1995, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Conde, Altamirano & Flores-Moya 1996, Cremades, Bárbara, Granja & Veiga 1997, Secilla, Gorostiaga, Díez & Santolaria 1997, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Báez, Conde & Flores-Moya 2001, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Bárbara 2002, Bárbara & al., 2003, Gorostiaga & al., 2004, Bárbara & al. 2004, Bárbara & al. 2005, Bárbara et al. 2006, Peña & Bárbara 2006, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Pérez-Ruzafa et al. 2008, Peña & Bárbara 2008, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Skukan et al. 2021), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016), Ukraine (Burova & al. 2011), Veneto (Sfriso 2011).

South America: Argentina (Boraso de Zaixso 2004, Fernández et al. 2010, Fernández et al. 2011, Boraso & Zaixso 2011, Boraso de Zaixso 2013, Croce & al. 2015, Carvalho et al. 2017).

Africa: Algeria (Gallardo & al. 1993, Ould-Ahmed & al. 2019), Morocco (Gallardo & al. 1993, Benhissoune, Boudouresque & Verlaque 2001, Benhissoune, Boudouresque & Verlaque 2001), Senegal (John & al. 2004 ), Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Gallardo & al. 1993).

Middle East: Egypt (Aleem 1993, Shabaka 2018), Israel (Hoffman 2004, Einav 2007, Einav & Israel 2008, Israel & Einav 2017), Turkey (Güner, Aysel, Sukatar & Öztürk 1985, Cirik, Zeybeck, Aysel & Cirik 1990, Gallardo & al. 1993, Taskin & al. 2008 , Taskin & al. 2008 , Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-west Asia: Lebanon (Lakkis 2013), Levant states (Gallardo & al. 1993).

Asia: Korea (Lee 2008).

Key references
Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Nizamuddin, M. (1991). The green marine algae of Libya. pp. 1-230. Bern: El-Faateh University, Department of Botany.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Silva, P.C. (1955). The dichotomous species of Codium in Britain. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 34: 565-577, 5 figs, 1 plate.

Created: 06 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 23 July 2015 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10976 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Fernández, P.V., Ciancia, M. & Estevez, J.M. (2011). Cell wall variability in the green seaweed Codium vermilara (Bryopsidale Chlorophyta) from the Argentine coast. Journal of Phycology 47(4): 802-810.
Fernández, P.V., Ciancia, M., Miravalles, A.B. & Estevez, J.M. (2010). Cell-wall polymer mapping in the coenocytic macroalga Codium vermilara (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 46(3): 456-465.
Jurd, K., Rogers, D.J. & McLellan, D.S. (1992). Anticoagulant activities from Codium bursa and C. vermilara. British Phycological Journal 27: 95.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 October 2021.

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