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Spirulina major Kützing ex Gomont

Classification:
Empire Prokaryota
Kingdom Eubacteria
Subkingdom Negibacteria
Phylum Cyanobacteria
Class Cyanophyceae
Subclass Oscillatoriophycidae
Order Spirulinales
Family Spirulinaceae
Genus Spirulina

Pictures

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Spirulina major Kützing ex Gomont
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 1000x, DIC. 02 Jul 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Spirulina major Kützing ex Gomont
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 1000x, DIC. 02 Jul 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

 

Chylocladia squarrosa (Kützing) Thuret

Spirulina major Kützing ex Gomont Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 1000x, DIC
© Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net)

Publication details
Spirulina major Kützing ex Gomont 1892: 251, pl. VII/7: fig. 29 (as 'major' )

Published in: Gomont, M. (1892 '1893'). Monographie des Oscillariées (Nostocacées Homocystées). Deuxième partie. - Lyngbyées. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Série 7 16: 91-264, pls 1-7.
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Publication date: 1 January 1892

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Spirulina.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), great.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Arthrospira major (Kützing ex Gomont) W.B.Crow 1927

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Spirulina oscillariorides Turpin 1827
Spirulina major f. constans Emoto & Hirose 1952
Oscillatoria oscillariorides Iltis 1970

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Type information
Lectotype locality: Weissenfels, Germany (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 46). Notes: This type locality was first cited by Drouet (1968: 17, 20) (Silva et al., 1996)

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Spirulina oscillariorides Turpin)
Europe: Germany (Stutz & Mattern (eds) et al. 2018), Romania (Caraus 2002).

South-west Asia: India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Australia and New Zealand: Victoria (Day et al. 1995).

(as Spirulina major Kützing ex Gomont)
Europe: Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014), Britain (Batters 1902, Whitton et al. 2003), Czech Republic (Gadea et al. 2013, Gadea et al. 2013), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Georgia (Barinova & Kukhaleishvili 2014, Barinova & Kukhaleishvili 2017), Germany (Mauch & Schmedtje 2003, Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2016, Stutz & Mattern (eds) et al. 2018), Greece (Gkelis et al. 2016), Ireland (Adams 1908), Lithuania (Vitenaite 2001), Netherlands (Veen et al. 2015), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Karlason et al. 2018), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spain (Álvarez Cobelas 1982, Aboal & Llimona 1984, Aboal & Llimona 1984, Aboal 1988, Alvarez-Cobelas & Gallardo 1988, Aboal 1989, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Aboal, Prefasi & Asencio 1996, Aboal 1996, Calvo, Bárbara & Cremades 1999, Calvo & Bárbara 2002, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Bárbara et al. 2005, Pérez, Maidana & Comas 2009, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, De la Rosa Álamos 2016), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

North America: Great Lakes (Prescott 1962), Mexico (Figueroa-Torres et al. 2015), Québec (Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995).

Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Comas González 2009).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985), Brazil (Werner 2010).

Africa: Sierra Leone (Alfinito 2011), Sudan (Reinhold 1937).

Middle East: Egypt (Papenfuss 1968, Nassar & Khairy 2014, Nassar & Kham 2014), Iran (Afsharzadeh et al. 2003), Iraq (Maulood et al. 2013, Al-Saboonchi, A.A. & Al-Shawi, I.J.M.), Israel (Papenfuss 1968, Vinogradova et al. 2000, Barinova, Tavassi & Nevo 2006, Barinova & Tavassi 2009, Barinova et al. 2004), Saudi Arabia (Mohamed & Al-Shehri 2015), Turkey (Aysel 2005, Ersanli & Gönülol 2006, Varol & Sen 2014, Taskin (ed.) et al. 2019).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Siddiqui et al. 2009), India (Gupta 2012, Rao & Gupta 2015), Pakistan (Gul et al. 2007).

South-east Asia: Myanmar (Burma) (Skuja 1949), Vietnam (Kristiansen & Lind 1995, Nguyen et al. 2013).

Asia: China (Hu & Wei 2006, Chu et al. 2007, Xia 2017), Japan (Hirose, Yamagishi & Akiyama 1977, Hirose, Yamagishi & Akiyama 1977), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986), Nepal (Rai, Rai & Jha 2010), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014), Tajikistan (Barinova, Boboev & Hisoriev 2015, Barinova & Niyatbekov 2018).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Day et al. 1995, Ling & Tyler 2000), New Zealand (Broady & Merican 2012), Queensland (Day et al. 1995, Ling & Tyler 2000, Bostock & Holland 2010), South Australia (Day et al. 1995, Ling & Tyler 2000), Western Australia (Ling & Tyler 2000).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), French Polynesia (Villeneuve et al. 2012), Hawaiian Islands (HI) (Sherwood 2004), Line Islands (Tsuda & Fisher 2012), Marshall Islands (Dawson 1957).

(as Arthrospira major (Kützing ex Gomont) W.B.Crow)
Europe: Denmark (Nielsen 2002), Georgia (Barinova et al. 2011), Norway (Brattegard & Holte 2001).

North America: Arkansas (AR) (Smith 2010).

Africa: Madagascar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mozambique (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Middle East: Kuwait (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Saudi Arabia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-east Asia: Singapore (Pham et al. 2011).

Pacific Islands: Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003).

(as Oscillatoria oscillariorides Iltis)
Middle East: Turkey (Aysel 2005).

Key references
Chu Hoajan [Chu, H.J.] et al. (2007). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis Tomus IX Cyanophyta Hormogonophyceae. pp. [1-8], i-xviii, 1-312, incl. pls I-CIX. Beijing: Science Press.

Gul, R., Zarina, A., Masud-ul-Hasan & Shameel, M. (2007). Taxonomic study of Cyanophyta from Sialkot, Pakistan. International Journal of Phycology and Phycochemistry 3(1): 37-48.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Komárek, J. & Anagnostidis, K. (2005). Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Cyanoprokaryota: 2. Teil/2nd Part: Oscillatoriales. Vol. 19 pp. 1-759. München: Elsevier Spektrum Akademischer Verlag.

Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.

McGregor, G.B. (2007). Freshwater Cyanoprokaryota of North-Eastern Australia 1: Oscillatoriales. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series Number 24. pp. [i]-vi, [1]-123, 17 figs, 14 pls. Canberra: Australia Biological Resources Study.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2017). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus I Cyanophyta. pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-176, pls I-IV. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 07 March 2001 by Sandy Lawson

Verified by: 21 August 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4153 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Holmgren, P.R., Hostetter, H.P. & Scholes, V.E. (1971). Ultrastructural observations of crosswalls in the blue-green alga Spirulina major. Journal of Phycology 7: 309-311, 4 figs.
Valeem, E.E. & Haque, S. (2007). The oligodynamic activity of lead against Anabaena doliolum and Spirulina major. International Journal of Phycology and Phycochemistry 3(2): 169-172.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 January 2020.

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