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Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Rhodymeniales
Family Rhodymeniaceae
Genus Coelarthrum

Pictures

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Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen
James Price Point, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen
Tanzania. Eurico Oliveira. © Eurico Oliveira (euricodo@usp.br).

Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen
Perth, Western Australia; in sand.. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

 

Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen Perth, Western Australia; in sand.
© John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au)

Publication details
Coelarthrum opuntia (Endlicher) Børgesen 1937: 333, figs 9, 10 a, b

Published in: Børgesen, F. (1937). Contributions to a South Indian marine algal flora. II. Journal of the Indian Botanical Society 16: 311-357, 20 figs.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Coelarthrum is Coelarthrum albertisii (Piccone) Børgesen.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chrysymenia opuntia Endlicher

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Chondria opuntia J.Agardh 1841
Chrysymenia opuntia Endlicher 1843
Gastroclonium opuntia (Endlicher) Kützing 1849
Lomentaria opuntia (Endlicher) J.Agardh 1852
Lomentaria muelleri Sonder 1853
Chylocladia muelleri (Sonder) Harvey 1860
Lomentaria valida Kützing 1865
Chylocladia valida (Kützing) J.Agardh 1890
Sedoidea opuntia (Endlicher) Kuntze 1891
Erythrocolon muelleri (Sonder) De Toni 1900
Coelarthrum muelleri (Sonder) Børgesen 1931

Nomenclatural notes
Chondria opuntia J. Agardh, the intended basionym of Coelarthrum opuntia, is not priorable since it is a later homonym of Chondria opuntia (Goodenough & Woodward) C. Agardh (1917: XVIII) (Silva et al. 1996: 358). - (27 Feb 2009) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Habitat
Attached to rock or some other firm substratum (such as jetty pilings) at depths ranging from shallow rock pools to 38 m Huisman 1996: 103).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Huisman, J.M. (1996). The red algal genus Coelarthrum Børgesen (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodymeniales) in Australian seas, including the description of Chamaebotrys gen. nov. Phycologia 35: 95-112.

Huisman, J.M. (2018). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. pp. [i]-xii, 1-672, 189 figs. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Okamoto, N., Nagumo, T., Tanaka, J. & Inouye, I. (2003). An endophytic diatom Gyrosigma coelophilum sp. nov. (Naviculales, Bacillariophyceae) lives inside the red alga Coelarthrum opuntia (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyceae). Phycologia 42: 498-505.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1996). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIB - Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. Vol. 5 pp. 1-392, 160 figs. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & the State Herbarium of South Australia.

Created: 20 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 September 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2205 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Okamoto, N., Nagumo, T., Tanaka, J. & Inouye, I. (2003). An endophytic diatom Gyrosigma coelophilum sp. nov. (Naviculales, Bacillariophyceae) lives inside the red alga Coelarthrum opuntia (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyceae). Phycologia 42: 498-505.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 14 November 2019.

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