157,534 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,209 images, 60,945 bibliographic items, 458,278 distributional records.

Gymnodinium paradoxum A.J.Schilling

Publication details
Gymnodinium paradoxum A.J.Schilling 1891: 278, pl. X [10]: fig. 13

Published in: Schilling, A.J. (1891). Die Susswasser-peridineen. Flora (Jena) 74: 220-299, pls VIII-X.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), paradoxical.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Gymnodinium paradoxum f. astigmosa Nygaard 1949

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Dillard, G.E. (2007). Freshwater algae of the southeastern United States Part 8. Chrysophyceae, Xanthophyceae, Cryptophyceae and Dinophyceae. Bibliotheca Phycologica 112: [i-vi], 1-127, 22 pls.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Lewis, J.M. & Dodge, J.D. (2011). Dinophyta (Dinoflagellates). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 250-274. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Moestrup, Ø. & Calado, A.J. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater Flora of Central Europe, Volume 6: Dinophyceae. pp. [i]-xii, [1]-560, 421 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Popovsky, J. & Pfiester, L.A. (1990). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Vol. 6. Dinophyceae (Dinoflagellida). pp. 1-272. Jena & Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer.

Schiller, J. (1932). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. 10. Bd 3. Abt. 1 Teil. (Kolkwitz, R. Eds), pp. 257-432. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.

Schilling, A.J. (1891). Kleiner Beiträge zur Technik der Flagellatenforschung. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Mikroskopie und mikroskopische Technik 8: 314-323, fig..

Schilling, A.J. (1913). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 3. (Pascher, A. Eds), pp. [1]-iv, 1-66. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Thessen, A.E., Patterson, D.J. & Murray, S.A. (2012). The taxonomic significance of species that have only been observed once: The genus Gymnodinium (Dinoflagellata) as an example. PLoS ONE 7(8): e44015.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 October 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1236 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 February 2020.

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