163,410 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,770 images, 62,959 bibliographic items, 480,353 distributional records.

Nitzschia linearis W.Smith 1853

Publication details
Nitzschia linearis W.Smith 1853: 39, pl. XIII [13]: fig. 110; pl. XXXI [31]: fig. 110

Published in: Smith, W. (1853). A synopsis of the British Diatomaceae; with remarks on their structure, function and distribution; and instructions for collecting and preserving specimens. The plates by Tuffen West. In two volumes. Vol. 1. pp. [i]-xxxiii, 1-89, pls I-XXXI. London: John van Voorst, Paternoster Row.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Nitzschia is Nitzschia elongata Hassal.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: fresh water: common. Lewes, iii.1852 (W. Sm.) Wray (G. Smith, xi.1852. (Ceylon, Thwaites, xi.1850) (Index Nominum Algarum).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), linear (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Homoeocladia linearis (W.Smith) Kuntze

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Frustulia linearis C.Agardh 1853
Nitzschia linearis var. genuina Cleve-Euler 1952

Nomenclatural notes
Several authors consider that this name was based on "Frustrulia linearis C.Agardh" a name included in synonymy by Smith (1853: 39) and as such not validly published: the correct citation is Nitzschia linearis W.Smith (1853: 39) [see INA for confirmation]. - (20 Jan 2020) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Aboal, M., Álvarez Cobelas, M., Cambra, J. & Ector, L. (2003). Floristic list of non-marine diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) of Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands and Canary Islands. Updated taxonomy and bibliography. Diatom Monographs 4: 1-639.

Ettl, H. & Gärtner, G. (1995). Syllabus der Boden-, Luft- und Flechtenalgen. pp. i-vii, 1-721. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer.

Hofmann, G., Werum, M. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (2013). Diatomeen im Süßwasser—Benthos von Mitteleuropa. Bestimmungsflora Kieselalgen für die ökologische Praxis. Über 700 der häufigsten Arten und ihre Ökologie. pp. [1]-908, 133 pls. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Hustedt, F. (1930). Bacillariophyta (Diatomeae) Zweite Auflage. In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Mitteleuropas. Heft 10. (Pascher, A. Eds), pp. [i]-vii, [1]-466. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

John, J. (2018). Diatoms from Tasmania: taxonomy and biogeography. The diatom flora of Australia Volume 2. pp. [1]-656, 351 figs. Schmitten - Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Kheiri, S., Solak, C.N., Edlund, M.B., Spaulding, S., Nejadsattari, T, Asri, Y. & Hamdi, S.M.M. (2018). Biodiversity of diatoms in the Karaj River in the Central Alborz, Iran. Diatom Research 33(3): 355-380.

Kulikovskiy, M., Glushchenko, A.M., Kuznetsova, I.V. & Genkal, S.I. (2016). [Identification book of diatoms from Russia]. pp. [1]-804, 165 pls. Yaroslavl: Filigran. [in Russian]

Lange-Bertalot, H., Hofmann, G., Werum, M. & Cantonati, M. (2017). Freshwater benthic diatoms of Central Europe: over 800 common species used in ecological assessments. English edition with updated taxonomy and added species (Cantonati, M. et al. eds). pp. [1]-942, 135 pls. Schmitten-Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Plinski, M. & Witkowski, A. (2020). Diatoms from the Gulf of Gdansk and surrounding waters (the southern Baltic Sea). pp. [1]-442, incl. 31 SEM pls, 16 photo pls. Gdansk: Gdansk University Press.

Proshkina-Lavrenko, A.I. (Ed.) (1950). Diatomovyi Analiz. Opredelitel' iskopaemykh i sovremennykh diatomikh vodorosleyi. Poryadok Pennales [Diatom Analysis. Manual for identification of fossil and modern diatoms. Order Pennales]. Vol. 3 pp. 398, 117 plates. Moscow & Leningrad: Gosudarstvennoye Izdatel'stvo Geologicheskoy Literatury. [in Russian]

Reichardt, E. (2018). Die Diatomeen im Gebiet der Stadt Treuchtlingen. pp. [1]-576 (Band 1); 579-1184 (Band 2), incl 451 pls. München: Bayerische Botanische Gesellschaft [Selbstverlag der Gesellschaft].

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Wang Quanxi [Wang, Q.X.] (2018). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis Tomus XXII. Bacillariophyta. Aulonoraphidinales. pp. [1-8] i-xvii, 1-166, 135 pls. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 August 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2256 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Álvarez-Blanco, I. & Blanco, S. (2013). Nitzschia imae sp. nov. (Bacillariophyta, Nitzschiaceae) from Iceland, with a redescription of Hannaea arcus var. linearis. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 70(2): 144-151, 42 figs, 1 table.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 September 2021.

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