163,794 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,783 images, 63,050 bibliographic items, 481,368 distributional records.

Coscinodiscus perforatus Ehrenberg 1844

Publication details
Coscinodiscus perforatus Ehrenberg 1844: 78

Published in: Ehrenberg, C.G. (1844). Mittheilung über 2 neue Lager von Gebirgsmassen aus Infusorien als Meeres-Absatz in Nord-Amerika und eine Vergleichung derselben mit den organischen Kreide-Gebilden in Europa und Afrik. Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung Geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königl. Preuss. Akademie Der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1844: 57-97.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Coscinodiscus is Coscinodiscus argus Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Richmond, Virginia (Sar et al. 2010: 523). Lectotype: Ehrenberg's figure in Mikrogeologie 1854: pl. 18, fig. 46: Departamento Cientifico Ficologia, Falcultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, UNLP SEM stub # E 1-2 of the sample EC 1657a Richmond VA (Sar et al. 2010: 523). Notes: Lectotype(figs 1, 5-8) and epitype (figs15, 16, 19, 26, 27) designated by Sar et al. (2010: 523). Epitype: stub # 4263 made from sample LPC 4263, deposited in the Coleccion de Diatomeas at the Departamento Cientifico Ficologia, Falcultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Epitype locality: Pinamar, Buenos Aires Province.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), pierced with holes or pores or sprinkled with translucent dots (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Coscinodiscus perforatus var. genuinus Cleve-Euler 1942

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Emended by Sar et al. (2010: 523).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Coscinodiscus perforatus Ehrenberg)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014, Zotov 2018), Britain (Hendey 1954, Hendey 1974, Hartley 1986, Sims 1996), Croatia (Vilicic et al. 2009), France (Van Eetvelde & Cornet 2002, Anon. 2017), Ireland (Adams 1908), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Romania (Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018).

North America: Canada (Mather & al. 2010), Mexico (Atlantic) (Merino-Virgilio & al. 2013, Licea, Moreno-Ruiz & Luna 2016), North Carolina (Hustedt 1955), Virginia (Sar et al. 2010).

South America: Argentina (Sar et al. 2010), Brazil (Eskinazi-Leça & al. 2010), Colombia (Lozano-Duque & al. 2010, Montoya-Moreno et al. 2013).

Middle East: Egypt (Khairy & al. 2017), Iraq (Maulood & al. 2013, Al-Saboonchi & Al-Shawi 2016, Al-Saedy & al. 2020), Kuwait (Al-Kandari & Suburova 2019), Turkey (Balkis 2004, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019, Kalei & Akçaalan 2020).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta & Das 2020).

Asia: Caspian Sea (Bagheri & Fallahi 2014), China (Qi 1995, Liu 2008), Korea (Lee, Choi & Lee 1995), Russia (Far East) (Shevchenko & al. 2019), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013).

Key references
Guo Yujie [Kuo, Y.C., Guo, Y.C.] (2003). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum. Tomus V. Bacillariophyta No. I. Centricae. pp. [1]-493. Beijing: Science Press.

Hendey, N.I. (1964). An introductory account of the smaller algae of British coastal waters. Part V: Bacillariophyceae (diatoms). pp. [i]-xxii, 1-317. London: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Fishery Investigations. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Hendey, N.I. (1974). A revised check-list of the British marine diatoms. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 54: 277-300, no figs.

O'Meara, E. (1875). Report on the Irish Diatomaceae. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Series 2 2: 235-425, pls 26-34.

Qi, Y.Z. (1995). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis. Tomus IV Bacillariophyta Centicae. pp. [i-viii], i-v, 1-104, 9 pls. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese with some English keys]

Sar, E. A., Sunesan, I. & Jahn, R. (2010). Coscinodiscus perforatus revisited and compared with Coscinodiscus radiatus (Bacillariophyceae). Phycologia 49(6): 514-524.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 August 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1703 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Sar, E. A., Sunesan, I. & Jahn, R. (2010). Coscinodiscus perforatus revisited and compared with Coscinodiscus radiatus (Bacillariophyceae). Phycologia 49(6): 514-524.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 October 2021.

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