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Gymnodinium chiastosporum (T.M.Harris) Cridland

Publication details
Gymnodinium chiastosporum (T.M.Harris) Cridland 1958: 287

Published in: Cridland, A.A. (1958). A note on two freshwater dinoflagellates. New Phytologist 57(3): 285-287.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Tetradinium chiastosporum T.M.Harris

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Tetradinium chiastosporum T.M.Harris 1939
Dinastridium chiastosporum (Harris) Starmach 1974

Taxonomic notes
Moestrup & Calado (2018: 85) note "... the unusual type of resting cyst indicates that the species does not belong in Gymnodinium or, since cysts and motile cells are known only from wild samples, that the cyst described does not belong in the life cycle of G. chiastosporum. Studies based on pure cultures are needed." and "Tetradinium chiastosporum var. armatum Wawrik (1981) is a related form, which differs in the motile cells possessing an eyespot, the resting spore having additional spines and in occurring during ice break in Steinbruchlacke, a pond in Waldviertel, Lower Austria. It needs to be examined in detail." - (16 Oct 2018) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Lewis, J.M. & Dodge, J.D. (2011). Dinophyta (Dinoflagellates). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 250-274. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Moestrup, Ø. & Calado, A.J. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater Flora of Central Europe, Volume 6: Dinophyceae. pp. [i]-xii, [1]-560, 421 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Popovsky, J. & Pfiester, L.A. (1990). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Vol. 6. Dinophyceae (Dinoflagellida). pp. 1-272. Jena & Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer.

Thessen, A.E., Patterson, D.J. & Murray, S.A. (2012). The taxonomic significance of species that have only been observed once: The genus Gymnodinium (Dinoflagellata) as an example. PLoS ONE 7(8): e44015.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 October 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 653 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 February 2020.

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