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Melosira arctica Dickie 1852

Publication details
Melosira arctica Dickie 1852: cxcvi

Published in: Dickie, [G.] (1852). Notes on the algae. - I. In: Journal of a Voyage in Baffin's Bay and Barrow Straits in the Years 1850-51, performed by H.M. ships "Lady Franklin" and "Sophia", under the command of Mr.William Penny, in search of the missing crews of H.M. ships Erebus and Terror; with a narrative of sledge excurions on the ice of Wellington Channel; and observations on the natural history and physical features of teh countries and frozen seas visited. In two volumes. - Vol. II, Appendix. (Sutherland, P.C. Eds), pp. i-cxci. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Melosira is Melosira nummuloides C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Gaillonella arctica Ehrenberg

Type information
Type locality: Melville Bay and Hingston Bay (Kaczmarksa & Jahn 2006: 153).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), of or pertaining to the Arctic (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Gaillonella arctica Ehrenberg 1853

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Melosira hyperborea Schütt
Lysigonium arcticum (Dickie) Kuntze 1891

Nomenclatural notes
Kaczmarska & Jahn (2006: 153) note that Ehrenberg seems to have been unaware of Dickie's (1852) publication of Melosira arctica as his diagnosis reads (1853: 528): "...Gaillonella arctica Ehrenberg (= Melosira arctica Dickie in litteris)". They maintain that the name Melosira arctica Dickie is validly published according to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Regardless of this, Ehrenberg was unaware of this publication and his name must be solely attributed to him as in INA and CAS. It seems that Dickie made Ehrenberg aware of his name in a letter rather than informing him of its publication. - (8 Sep 2006) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Description
Emended by Kaczmarska & R. Jahn (2006: 157).

Type information
Type locality: Tiefgrund, Melville Bay 74º 40' N, off the Devils Thumb. (Kaczmarksa & Jahn 2006: 153). Lectotype: 11 July 1850 (Penny's Expedition); Seabed. BM (Kaczmarksa & Jahn 2006: 153). Notes: Lectotype, as designated by Syverstsen and Hasle (1988), is their SEM pictures 4 and 6 from the original material, obtained from the Natural History Museum (BM).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bérard-Therriault, L., Poulin, M. & Bossé, L. (1999). Guide d'identification du phytoplancton marin de l'estuaire et du Golfe du Saint-Laurent incluant également certains protozoaires. Publication Spéciale Canadienne des Sciences Halieutiques et Aquatiques 128: 1-387.

Cleve-Euler, A. (1951). Die Diatomeen von Schweden und Finnland. [TeilI. I. Centricae]. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar, ser. IV 2(1): 1-163, 6 pls.

Kaczmarska, I. & Jahn, R. (2006). Taxonomic appraisal of Melosira arctica Dickie and description of a new variety (Bacillariophyta). Botanica Marina 49: 151-164.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 21 February 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2196 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Kaczmarska, I. & Jahn, R. (2006). Taxonomic appraisal of Melosira arctica Dickie and description of a new variety (Bacillariophyta). Botanica Marina 49: 151-164.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=33017

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 August 2020.

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