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Brongniartella australis (C.Agardh) F.Schmitz 1893

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Rhodomelaceae
Tribe Lophothalieae
Genus Brongniartella


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Brongniartella australis (C.Agardh) F.Schmitz
Cape Peron, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Brongniartella australis (C.Agardh) F.Schmitz
Cape Peron, Western Australia; scale 2 mm. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.


Cyclotella striata var. ambigua (Grunow) Grunow

Vertebrata australis (C.Agardh) Kuntze Cape Peron, Western Australia
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Brongniartella australis (C.Agardh) F.Schmitz 1893: 218

Published in: Schmitz, F. (1893). Die Gattung Lophothalia J. Ag. Berichte der deutsche botanischen Gesellschaft 11: 212-232.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Brongniartella is Brongniartella elegans Bory.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Vertebrata australis (C.Agardh) Kuntze

Cladostephus australis C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: "Ad Novam Hollandiam" (one of three possible localities in Western Australia: Geographe Bay, Cape Leeuwin, or King George Sound (Silva & al. 1996: 477). Type: Mus. Paris (Parsons 1980: 278). Notes: Lectotype: (Parsons) PC. Isolectotype: Herb. Agardh, LD, 41993.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), south, southern (Stearn 1985).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Polysiphonia australis (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1863
Lophothalia australis (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1890

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Bindera cladostephus Decaisne 1842
Polysiphonia cladostephus Montagne 1843
Polysiphonia byssoclados Harvey 1844
Bindera australis (C.Agardh) Trevisan 1845
Brongniartella australis f. recurva Parsons 1980

General environment
This is a marine species.

A common species on rough-water to sheltered coasts, ranging from low tide level to deep water (Womersley 2003: 239).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Brongniartella australis (C.Agardh) F.Schmitz)
Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Parsons 1980, Adams 1994, Nelson 2012), North Island, NZ (Nelson 2013 ), South Australia (Womersley 2003), South Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), Stewart Island/Rakiura (Levring 1945, Parsons 1980, Nelson 2013), Tasmania (Womersley 2003), Victoria (Womersley 2003), Western Australia (Huisman & Walker 1990, Womersley 2003).

Subantarctic Islands: Auckland Islands (Papenfuss 1964), Snares Islands/Tini Heke (Nelson 2013).

Source of current name
Díaz-Tapia, P., McIvor, L., Freshwater, D.W., Verbruggen, H., Wynne, M.J. & Maggs, C.A. (2017). The genera Melanothamnus Bornet & Falkenberg and Vertebrata S.F. Gray constitute well-defined clades of the red algal tribe Polysiphonieae (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales). European Journal of Phycology 52(1): 1-20, 77 figs.

Key references
Levring, T. (1945). Marine algae from some Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands. Lunds Universitets Årsskrift, N.F., Avd. 2 41(7): 1-36, 1 pl.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Papenfuss, G.F. (1964). Catalogue and bibliography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic benthic marine algae. In: Antarctic Research Series. Volume 1. Bibliography of the Antarctic Seas. (Lee, M.O. Eds), pp. 1-76. Washington D.C.: American Geophysical Union.

Parsons, M.J. (1980). The morphology and taxonomy of Brongniartella Bory sensu Kylin (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 19: 273-295, 63 figs, 1 table.

Womersley, H.B.S. (2003). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIID Ceramiales - Delesseriaceae, Sarcomeniaceae, Rhodomelaceae. pp. [1]-533, 226 figs, 2 pls. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & State Herbarium of South Australia.

Created: 27 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 900 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 June 2021.

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