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Cystophora fibrosa Simons

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Cystophora


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Cystophora fibrosa Simons
South Africa. 09 Dec 2011. Robert Anderson (anderson@botzoo.uct.ac.za). © Robert Anderson (anderson@botzoo.uct.ac.za).


Publication details
Cystophora fibrosa Simons 1970: 1, figs. 1, 2

Published in: Simons, R.H. (1970). Marine algae from southern Africa. 1. Six new species from the inter- and infra-tidal zones. Investigational Report Division of Sea Fisheries South Africa 88: [3], 1-13, 11 figs.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Cystophora is Cystophora retroflexa (Labillardière) J.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Distributional notes
John Bolton wrote (algae-l, 7 March 2001): “We must remember that there are other categories as well as 'extinct'. Many years ago, one of our angiosperm taxonomists, who was writing a red data book, asked me if any seaweeds were 'critically rare'. I am not sure I have an answer, but as far as South African west coast species are concerned, my answer might be: Most species are rather widespread in distribution, even if they are uncommon in the range (the larger species we know about anyway). The vast majority seem to be good dispersers along coastlines, and probably spread to their ecophysiological limits (which is very different from South African flowering plants, where every mountain tends to have different species). There are very few seaweeds where we are fairly confident that they have restricted distributions (perhaps signifying poor dispersal capabilities?). One example might be Cystophora fibrosa, which is a large unusual fucoid, more or less confined to two sites about 60km apart, either side of the southern tip of Africa (Cape Agulhas). If it is a Cystophora (which Womersley argues against) it is the only Cystophora outside Australasia. One of the sites it has been found is in De Hoop Nature Reserve. A student from Sydney who is working on chemical taxonomy of Cystophora's (Damien Laird) went looking for it in January, and eventually found it at both sites after much shore searching. Could a case be made that it is 'critically rare' (as well as being interesting from a genetic diversity perspective) and thus as important as other 'critically rare' plants at De Hoop? The only other (less likely) example I can think of is the fairly small red seaweed Mazzaella convoluta, which occasionally appears in student transects, but which has never been recorded, to my knowledge, anywhere but on the shores of the Cape Peninsula - a range of less than 50km.”

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Die Walle, Bredasdorp, Cape Province, South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 644).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Cystophora fibrosa Simons)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1978).

Africa: Mauritania (Price, John & Lawson 1978), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Stegenga, Bolton & Anderson 1997).

Created: 07 February 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 22 August 2011 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 858 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=3468

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 October 2019.

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