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Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg 1837

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Coscinodiscophytina
Class Coscinodiscophyceae
Subclass Coscinodiscophycidae
Order Coscinodiscales
Family Hemidiscaceae
Genus Actinocyclus

Pictures

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Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg
Zeiss Planapo 63x/1.4, DIC, 70µm diameter, single image, Marine sample, Alboran Sea. 07 Nov 2020. Forbes Pettigrew. © Forbes Pettigrew.

Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg
Hawaii; living; scale 20 µm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg
Hawaii; scale 20 µm. 01 Jan 0001. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg
600x __Diam. 70 µm. 21 May 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne. (MicroscopyView.com).

Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg
600x __Diam. 70 µm. 21 May 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne. (MicroscopyView.com).

 

Rhodomela spinulosa (Harvey) Harvey

Actinoptychus octonarius (Ehrenberg) Kützing Hawaii; scale 20 µm
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg 1837: 61

Published in: Ehrenberg, C.G. (1837). Nachricht des Hrn Agassiz in Neuchatel über den ebenfalls aus mikroskopichen Kiesel-Organismen gebildeten Polirschiefer von Oran in Afrika. 1837: 59-61.

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Actinocyclus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Oran, Africa (fossil) (Index Nominum Algarum).

Fossil
Described as a fossil.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Actinoptychus octonarius (Ehrenberg) Kützing 1844

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Actinocyclus ehrenbergii Ralfs 1861
Actinocyclus moniliformis Ralfs ex Pritchard 1861

Taxonomic notes
Also illustrated in Ehrenberg 1838, p.172, pl. 21: fig.7 - (12 Aug 2011) - Robert Lavigne

Habitat notes
Miocene-Recent. - (12 Mar 2018) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Actinocyclus octonarius Ehrenberg)
Arctic: Arctic Russia (Tsoy & Obrezkova 2017).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, Anon. 2011).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Albania (Miho & Witkowski 2005), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014), Britain (Hendey 1954, Hendey 1974, Hartley 1986, Sims 1996), France (Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Guilloux & al. 2013), Georgia (Barinova & al. 2011), Greece (Foged 1986), Helgoland (Kraberg & al. 2019), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Poland (Plinski & Witkowski 2020), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Romania (Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018, Karlason & al. 2018).

North America: Canada (Mather & al. 2010, Mather & al. 2010), Mexico (Pacific) (Torres-Ariño & al. 2019).

South America: Argentina (Garibotti et al. 2011), Brazil (Eskinazi-Leça & al. 2010), Colombia (Lozano-Duque & al. 2010).

Middle East: Egypt (Zalat 2002, Abbass, Madkour & Abu-El-Regal 2018), Iraq (Maulood & al. 2013, Al-Saboonchi & Al-Shawi 2016, Al-Saedy & al. 2020), Kuwait (Al-Kandari, Al-Yamani & Al-Rifaie 2009, Al-Kandari & Suburova 2019), Turkey (Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019, Kalei & Akçaalan 2020).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta & Das 2020).

South-east Asia: Singapore (Pham & al. 2011).

Asia: Korea (Lee, Choi & Lee 1995), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013), New Zealand (Desikachary & Sreelatha 1989), Tasmania (John 2018).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Hawaiian Islands (Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Antarctica (Gogorev & Pushina 2015), Antarctica/Subantarctic Islands (Scott & Thomas 2005).

(as Actinoptychus octonarius (Ehrenberg) Kützing)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Afonso-Carrillo 2014).

Europe: Black Sea (Zotov 2018), Bosnia-Hertzegovina (Hafner, Jasprica & Car 2018), France (Anon. 2017).

North America: Mexico (López-Fuerte & Siqueiros-Beltrones 2016), Mexico (Atlantic) (Licea, Moreno-Ruiz & Luna 2016).

(as Actinocyclus ehrenbergii Ralfs)
Atlantic Islands: Madeira (Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015).

Europe: France (Anon. 2017), Greece (Foged 1986), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Spain (Varela 1982).

North America: North Carolina (Hustedt 1955).

Middle East: Egypt (Khairy & al. 2017), Iraq (Al-Saboonchi & Al-Shawi 2016).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta & Das 2020).

Asia: China (Qi 1995, Liu 2008), Japan (Nagumo & Mayama 2000), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Actinocyclus moniliformis Ralfs ex Pritchard)
Atlantic Islands: Madeira (Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015).

Europe: Ireland (Adams 1908).

Key references
Al-Handal, A.Y., Compère, P. & Riaux-Gobin, C. (2016). Marine benthic diatoms in the coral reefs of Reunion and Rodrigues Islands, West Indian Ocean. Micronesica 2016(3): 1-77, 14 pls.

Al-Yamani, F.Y. & Suburova, M.A. (2019). Marine phytoplankton of Kuwait's waters Volume II. Diatoms. pp. [1]-336, 161 pls. Kuwait: Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research.

Desikachary, T.V. & Ranjitha Devi, R.A. (1986). Marine fossil diatoms from India and Indian Ocean region. In: Atlas of diatoms. Fasc. 1. (Desikachary, T.V. Eds), pp. [1]-8, 77 pls. Madras: Madras Science Foundation.

Hasle, G.R. & Syvertsen, E.E. (1996). Marine diatoms. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 5-385. San Diego: Academic Press.

Hendey, N.I. (1964). An introductory account of the smaller algae of British coastal waters. Part V: Bacillariophyceae (diatoms). pp. [i]-xxii, 1-317. London: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Fishery Investigations. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Hendey, N.I. (1974). A revised check-list of the British marine diatoms. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 54: 277-300, no figs.

Hoppenrath, M., Elbrächter, M. & Drebes, G. (2009). Marine phytoplankton Selected microphytoplankton species from the North Sea around Helgoland and Sylt. pp. [1]-264, figs 1-87. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

John, J. (2018). Diatoms from Tasmania: taxonomy and biogeography. The diatom flora of Australia Volume 2. pp. [1]-656, 351 figs. Schmitten - Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Khursevich, G. & Kociolek, J.P. (2012). A preliminary, worldwide inventory of the extinct, freshwater fossil diatoms from the orders Thalassiosirales, Stephanodiscales, Paraliales, Aulacoseirales, Melosirales, Coscinodiscales, and Biddulphiales. Nova Hedwigia Beiheft 141: 315-364, no figs.

Ognjanova-Rumenova, N.G. & Buczkó, K. (2015). Taxonomical re-investigation of Sarmatian diatoms from NE Bulgaria, hosted in the Pantocsek Collection (Budapest). Geologica Balcanica 44(1-3): 39-50, 8 figs.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Plinski, M. & Witkowski, A. (2020). Diatoms from the Gulf of Gdansk and surrounding waters (the southern Baltic Sea). pp. [1]-442, incl. 31 SEM pls, 16 photo pls. Gdansk: Gdansk University Press.

Scott, F.J. & Thomas, D.P. (2005). Diatoms. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 13-201. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Villac, M.C., Kaczmarska, I. & Ehrman, J.M. (2016). Diatoms from ship ballast sediments (with consideration of a few additional species of special interest). Diatom Monographs 18: [1]-557, 235 pls.

Created: 23 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 22 April 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5047 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Gogorev, R.M., Kovaleva, G.V. & Nazarenko, A.V. (2018). Actinocyclus pseudopodolicus sp. nov. and infraspecific complex of A. octonarius (Bacillariophyta) from Holocene sediments of the Sea of Azov. Novosti Sistematiki Nizshikh Rastenii 52(1): 33-61, XII pl., 3 tables.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 May 2021.

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