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Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Nemaliophycidae
Order Nemaliales
Family Liagoraceae
Genus Helminthocladia

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell
North of Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell
upper subtidal, Islas Cíes, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell
Spain, North of Galicia, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell
Spain; inflated cortical cells. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell
Spain; surface view of cortex with hairs and inflated cortical cells. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell
Spain; cortical filaments. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell
microscope, Peinzás, Galicia, Spain, 2008. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell
microscope, Peinzás, Galicia, Spain, 2008. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell
microscope, Peinzás, Galicia, Spain, 2008. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell
microscope, Peinzás, Galicia, Spain, 2008; TS thallus. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

 

Gracilaria purpurascens f. spinulosa (Okamura) Yamada

Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell North of Galicia, Spain, 2014
© Ignacio Barbara

Publication details
Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell in F.S.Collins, Holden & Setchell 1915: no. 2035

Published in: Collins, F.S., Holden, I. & Setchell, W.A. (1915). Phycotheca boreali-americana. A collection of dried specimens of the algae of North America. Vol. Fasc. XLI, Nos 2001-2050. Malden, Massachusetts.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Helminthocladia is Helminthocladia purpurea (Harvey) J.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Dumontia calvadosii J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby

Type information
Ad littora Calvadosii [Calvados, Normandy, France] (Duby 1830: 941). Type: STR? Notes: Lectotype: in CN ('provisional' designation by Dixon & Irvine 1977) (O'Dwyer & Afonso-Carillo, 2001). The type is more likely to be at STR.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Dumontia calvadosii J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby 1830
Halymenia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Montagne 1836

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Mesogloia purpurea Harvey 1833
Nemalion purpureum (Harvey) Chauvin 1842
Helminthora purpurea (Harvey) Kützing 1845
Gloiosiphonia purpurea (Harvey) Harvey 1846
Helminthocladia purpurea (Harvey) J.Agardh 1852

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell)
English: Branched Worm Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Helminthocladia purpurea (Harvey) J.Agardh)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920), Ireland (Adams 1908), Spain (Miranda 1931).

(as Helminthocladia calvadosii (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell)
Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Britain (Dixon & Irvine 1977, Guiry 1997, O'Dwyer & Afonso-Carrillo 2001, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016, Bunker et al. 2017), Channel Islands (Dixon 1961), France (O'Dwyer & Afonso-Carrillo 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Le Gall & Saunders 2010, Anon. 2017), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Helgoland (O'Dwyer & Afonso-Carrillo 2001, O'Dwyer & Afonso-Carrillo 2001), Ireland (Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Guiry 2012, Bunker et al. 2017), Portugal (Ardré 1970, Araújo et al. 2009, Bárbara et al. 2012), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Perez-Cirera, Cremades, Bárbara & Lopez 1991, O'Dwyer & Afonso-Carrillo 2001, Bárbara 2002, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Bárbara et al. 2005, Bárbara et al. 2005, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980, Gil-Rodriguez et al. 1985, O'Dwyer & Afonso-Carrillo 2001, Haroun et al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (John et al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005, Gabriel & Fredericq 2019), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, John et al. 2004).

North America: Florida (FL) (Taylor 1960).

Caribbean Islands: Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1969), St. Eustatius (van der Loos & Prud'homme van Reine 2015, van der Loos et al. 2017).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

South-west Asia: India (Sahoo et al. 2001).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Gardner, N.L. (1926). New Rhodophyceae from the Pacific coast of North America. I. University of California Publications in Botany 13: 205-226, pls 15-21.

Le Gall, L. & Saunders, G.W. (2010). Establishment of a DNA-barcode library for the Nemaliales (Rhodophyta) from Canada and France uncovers overlooked diversity in the species Nemalion helminthoides (Velley) Batters. Cryptogamie Algologie 31(4): 403-421.

O'Dwyer, J.A. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2001). Vegetative and reproductive morphology of Helminthocladia calvadosii, H. agardhiana and H. reyesii sp. nov. (Liagoraceae, Rhodophyta) from the eastern Atlantic. Phycologia 40: 53-66.

Popolizio, T.R., Schneider, C.W., Chengsupanimit, T., Saunders, G.W. & Lane, C.E. (2013). Notes on the marine algae of the Bermudas. 13. Helminthocladia kempii sp. nov. (Nemaliales, Liagoraceae) based upon H. calvadosii sensu auct. from western Atlantic. Cryptogamie Algologie 34: 22-244, 11 figs, 2 tables.

Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Created: 16 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 01 February 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3889 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Boillot, A. (1974). Le sporophyte de l'Helminthocladia calvadosii (Lamouroux) Setchell (Rhodophycée, Némaloinale). Le Botaniste 56: 187-190.
Guimarães, S.M.P.B., Cordeiro-Marino, M., Fujii, M.T. & Yokoya, N.S. (1990). Occurrence of Helminthocladia calvadosii (Lamouroux ex Duby) Setchell (Nemaliales, Rhodophyta) in Brasil: vegetative and reproductive morphological aspects. Revista Brasil. Bot. 13: 69-74.
O'Dwyer, J.A. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2001). Vegetative and reproductive morphology of Helminthocladia calvadosii, H. agardhiana and H. reyesii sp. nov. (Liagoraceae, Rhodophyta) from the eastern Atlantic. Phycologia 40: 53-66.
Popolizio, T.R., Schneider, C.W., Chengsupanimit, T., Saunders, G.W. & Lane, C.E. (2013). Notes on the marine algae of the Bermudas. 13. Helminthocladia kempii sp. nov. (Nemaliales, Liagoraceae) based upon H. calvadosii sensu auct. from western Atlantic. Cryptogamie Algologie 34: 22-244, 11 figs, 2 tables.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 14 November 2019.

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