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Coscinodiscus oculus-iridis (Ehrenberg) Ehrenberg 1840

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Coscinodiscophytina
Class Coscinodiscophyceae
Subclass Coscinodiscophycidae
Order Coscinodiscales
Family Coscinodiscaceae
Genus Coscinodiscus

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Coscinodiscus oculus-iridis (Ehrenberg) Ehrenberg
1200x __Diam. 192 µm __Oamaru, N.Z.. 08 Oct 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView).

Coscinodiscus oculus-iridis (Ehrenberg) Ehrenberg
600x __Diam. 192 µm __Oamaru, N.Z.. 08 Oct 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView).

Coscinodiscus oculus-iridis (Ehrenberg) Ehrenberg
600x __Diam. 192 µm __Oamaru, N.Z.. 08 Oct 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView).

 

Fucus crispatus Hudson

Coscinodiscus oculus-iridis (Ehrenberg) Ehrenberg 600x __Diam. 192 µm __Oamaru, N.Z.
© Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView)

Publication details
Coscinodiscus oculus-iridis (Ehrenberg) Ehrenberg 1840: 67 [147 when published in journal]

Published in: Ehrenberg, C.G. (1840). Über noch zahlreich jetzt lebende Thierarten der Kreidebildung und den Organismus der Polythalamien Preprint of Abhandlung der Könglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin aus dem Jahre 1839 [1841] with different pagination. pp. 1-94, 4 pls. Berlin.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Coscinodiscus is Coscinodiscus argus Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Coscinodiscus radiatus var. oculus-iridis Ehrenberg

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Coscinodiscus radiatus var. oculus-iridis Ehrenberg 1840
Coscinodiscus radiatus var. oculus-iridis (Ehrenberg; Ehrenberg) Van Heurck 1896
Coscinodiscus radiatus var. oculus-iridis (Ehrenberg) E. Jørgensen 1905

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Coscinodiscus oculus-iridis f. typica A.Cleve
Coscinodiscus oculus-iridis var. genuina Grunow 1884
Coscinodiscus oculus-iridis var. typicus A.Cleve 1942

Nomenclatural notes
A preprint of "Über noch jetzt zahlreich lebende..” was distributed (and thus effectively published) in 1840, whereas the journal for 1839 did not appear until 1841. - (31 Jan 2016) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Coscinodiscus oculus-iridis (Ehrenberg) Ehrenberg)
Arctic: Arctic Russia (Tsoy & Obrezkova 2017).

Atlantic Islands: Madeira (Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014, Zotov 2018), Britain (Hendey 1954, Hendey 1974, Hartley 1986), France (Anon. 2017), Ireland (Adams 1908), Poland (Plinski & Witkowski 2020), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Romania (Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018).

North America: Canada (Mather & al. 2010), Mexico (Pacific) (Torres-Ariño & al. 2019).

South America: Brazil (Eskinazi-Leça & al. 2010).

Africa: Gambia (Foged 1986), Senegal (Sow & Diene 2002).

Middle East: Egypt (Nassar & Khairy 2014), Iraq (Maulood & al. 2013, Al-Saboonchi & Al-Shawi 2016, Al-Saedy & al. 2020), Kuwait (Al-Kandari, Al-Yamani & Al-Rifaie 2009, Al-Kandari & Suburova 2019), Turkey (Aysel 2005, Kalei & Akçaalan 2020).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta & Das 2020), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

Asia: China (Qi 1995, Liu 2008), Korea (Lee, Choi & Lee 1995), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014, Shevchenko & al. 2019), Russia (Sea of Japan) (Gail 1950), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013), New Zealand (Harper & al. 2012).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Ant./Subantarctic and islands (Scott & Thomas 2005).

Key references
Al-Yamani, F.Y. & Suburova, M.A. (2019). Marine phytoplankton of Kuwait's waters Volume II. Diatoms. pp. [1]-336, 161 pls. Kuwait: Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research.

Ehrenberg, C.G. (1841). Über noch jetzt zahlreich lebende Thierarten der Kreidebildung und den Organismus der Polythalamien. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1839: 81-174, 4 pls.

Guo Yujie [Kuo, Y.C., Guo, Y.C.] (2003). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum. Tomus V. Bacillariophyta No. I. Centricae. pp. [1]-493. Beijing: Science Press.

Hendey, N.I. (1964). An introductory account of the smaller algae of British coastal waters. Part V: Bacillariophyceae (diatoms). pp. [i]-xxii, 1-317. London: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Fishery Investigations. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Hendey, N.I. (1974). A revised check-list of the British marine diatoms. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 54: 277-300, no figs.

Håkansson, H. (2002). A compilation and evaluation of species in the genera ["general"] Stephanodiscus, Cyclostephanos and Cyclotella with a new genus in the family Stephanodiscaceae. Diatom Research 17(1): 1-139, 487 figs.

O'Meara, E. (1875). Report on the Irish Diatomaceae. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Series 2 2: 235-425, pls 26-34.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Plinski, M. & Witkowski, A. (2020). Diatoms from the Gulf of Gdansk and surrounding waters (the southern Baltic Sea). pp. [1]-442, incl. 31 SEM pls, 16 photo pls. Gdansk: Gdansk University Press.

Qi, Y.Z. (1995). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis. Tomus IV Bacillariophyta Centicae. pp. [i-viii], i-v, 1-104, 9 pls. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese with some English keys]

Sancetta, C. (1987). Three species of Coscinodiscus Ehrenberg from North Pacific sediments examined in the light and scanning electron microscopes. Micropaleontology (New York) 33(3): 230-241.

Scott, F.J. & Thomas, D.P. (2005). Diatoms. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 13-201. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Created: 23 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 21 August 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2916 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 July 2021.

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