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Ulva rigida C.Agardh 1823

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Ulvales
Family Ulvaceae
Genus Ulva


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Ulva rigida C.Agardh
Ría de Ares, Galicia, Spain, 2011. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ulva rigida C.Agardh
Ulva rigida, Point Lonsdale, Victoria, Australia" . M.D. Guiry" . © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Ulva rigida C.Agardh
Spain, Galicia, Ría de A Coruña, 2009; TS. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ulva rigida C.Agardh
Spain, Galicia, Ría de A Coruña, 2009; TS. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ulva rigida C.Agardh
Spain, Galicia, Ría de A Coruña, 2009; TS. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ulva rigida C.Agardh
Spain, Galicia, Ría de A Coruña, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ulva rigida C.Agardh
Madeira. Peter Wirtz. © Peter Wirtz (peterwirtz2004@yahoo.com ).

Ulva rigida C.Agardh
Madeira. Peter Wirtz. © Peter Wirtz (peterwirtz2004@yahoo.com ).

Ulva rigida C.Agardh
Ulva rigida, microscope, Spain, Galicia, A Coruña, Barizo, 2002; TS of edge of thallus. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ulva rigida C.Agardh
microscope, surface cells showing multiple pyrenoids; Spain, Galicia, Ría de Coruña, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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37 Found - Displaying 11 through 20


Surirella helvetica var. tibetica (Mereschkowski) Cleve-Euler

Ulva rigida C.Agardh Tarifa, Cádiz
© Maria Altamirano Jeschke

Publication details
Ulva rigida C.Agardh 1823: 410

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1823). Species algarum rite cognitae, cum synonymis, differentiis specificis et descriptionibus succinctis. Volumen primum pars posterior. pp. [vii-viii], [399]-531. Lundae [Lund]: ex officina Berlingiana.
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Publication date: early 1823

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Ulva is Ulva lactuca Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Cádiz, Spain (Silva & al. 1996: 750). Type: LD herb. alg. Agardh, 14294 (Papenfuss 1960: 305). Notes: The syntype localities given in the original protologue were the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and Black Seas, and the Cape of Good Hope. Papenfuss (1960: 305) lectotypified with a Cabrera specimen that has no locality information, but Papenfuss noted that Cabrera's material invariably came from Cádiz, Spain. Ricker (1987: 41), apparently in ignorance of Papenfuss's lectotypification, noted that a lectotype had been selected by R.B. Searles on 10 October 1975; it was a specimen from the Cape of Good Hope, but this lectotypification was not published. Womersley (1984: 144) gives the herbarium no. 14294, which is the Cabrera specimen from Cádiz, Spain.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), rigid (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Phycoseris rigida (C.Agardh) Kützing 1843
Ulva lactuca var. rigida (C.Agardh) Le Jolis 1863

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Phycoseris ulva Sonder 1845
Phycoseris gigantea var. perforata Kützing 1849
Letterstedtia petiolata J.Agardh 1883
Ulva thuretii B.Föyn 1955
Ulva petiolata (J.Agardh) Womersley 1956

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Ulva uncialis (Kütz.) Mont. as a synonym of this species.

Distributional notes
For problems concerning the correct taxonomic identity of Mediterranean plants reported as Ulva rigida, see Gallardo et al. (1993) and Phillips (1998).

Results of studies carried out by O'Kelly et al. (2010) suggest that Ulva populations in tropical and subtropical regions consist of species that are largely unique to these areas, for which the application of names based on types from temperate and boreal European and North American waters is inappropriate. - (1 Sep 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Unlike U. laetevirens, this species occurs preferentially in eutrophic environments, especially lagoon areas rich in phosphate, ammonium and phytoplankton (Sfriso, 2009). - (4 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Ulva rigida C.Agardh)
English: Sea Lettuce (Anon. 2000).

Gaeilge: Glasán (Anon. 2000).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bliding, C. (1969 '1968'). A critical survey of European taxa in Ulvales, Part II. Ulva, Ulvaria, Monostroma, Kornmannia. Botaniska Notiser 121: 535-629, 47 figs.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Coto, A.C.S.P. & Pupo, D. (2009). Flora ficológica do Estado de São Paulo. Vol. 3. Ulvophyceae. pp. [i]-x, [1]-76, 94 figs. São Carlos: RiMa Editora.

Dangeard, P.J.L. (1964 '1963'). Biologie et sexualité de quelques Ulva. Le Botaniste 46: 181-204, 3 pls.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Ding, L. & Luan, R. (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus IV Chlorophyta No. I Ulotrichales Chaetophorales, Phaeophilales, Ulvales, Acrosiphoniales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-173, pls I-VI. Beijing: Science Press.

Fort, A., McHale, M., Cascella, K., Potin, P., Usadel, B., Guiry, M.D. & Sulpice, R. (2021). Foliose Ulva species show considerable inter-specific genetic diversity, low intra-specific genetic variation, and the rare occurrence of inter-specific hybrids in the wild. Journal of Phycology 57(1): 219-233.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Hayden, H.S. & Waaland, J.R. (2004). A molecular systematic study of Ulva (Ulvaceae, Ulvales) from the northeast Pacific. Phycologia 43: 364-382.

Heesch, S., Broom, J.E.S., Neill, K.F., Farr, T.J., Dalen, J.L. & Nelson, W.A. (2009). Ulva, Umbraulva and Gemina: genetic survey of New Zealand taxa reveals diversity and introduced species. European Journal of Phycology 44(2): 143-154, 2 figs, 4 tables.

Hoeksema, B.W. & Hoek, C. van den (1983). The taxonomy of Ulva (Chlorophyceae) from the coastal region of Roscoff (Brittany, France). Botanica Marina 26: 65-86, 31 figs.

Kraft, G.T. (2007). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of Lord Howe Island and the southern Great Barrier Reef, 1. Green algae. pp. [i]-vi, 1-347, 110 text-figs; 11 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study & CSIRO Publishing.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Loughnane, C.J., McIvor, L.M., Rindi, F., Stengel, D.B. & Guiry, M.D. (2008). Morphology, rbcL phylogeny and distribution of distromatic Ulva (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) in Ireland and southern Britain. Phycologia 47: 416-429.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Norris, J.N. (2010). Marine algae of the Northern Gulf of California: Chlorophyta and Phaeophyceae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 94: i-x, 1-276.

Pedroche, F.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar-Rosas, R. (2005). Catálogo de las algas marinas bentónicas del Pacífico de México. I. Chlorophycota. pp. i-viii, 17-146. Ensenada, México: Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Trono, G.C., Jr (1997). Field guide and atlas of the seaweed resourves of the Philippines. pp. [i]-xx.[1]-306, 168 figs. Makati City, The Philippines: Bookmark, Inc..

Vinogradova, K.L. (1974). Ul'vovye vodorosli (Chlorophyta) morey SSSR [Ulvaceous algae (Chlorophyta) of the seas of the USSR]. pp. 165, 6 tables, 41 plates. Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. [in Russian]

Wolf, M.A., Sciuto, K., Andreoli, C. & Moro, I. (2012). Ulva (Chlorophyta, Ulvales) biodiversity in the North Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean, Italy): cryptic species and new introductions. Journal of Phycology 48(6): 1510-1521.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 04 June 2021 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 39997 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Altamirano, M., Flores-Moya, A. & Figueroa, F.L. (2000). Long-term effects of natural sunlights under various ultraviolet radiation conditions on growth and photosynthesis of intertidal Ulva rigida (Chlorophyceae) cultivated in situ. Botanica Marina 43: 119-126, 5 figs.
Badini, L., Pistocchi, R. & Bagni, N. (1994). Polyamine transport in the seaweed Ulva rigida (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 30: 599-605, 6 figs, 2 tables.
Berik, N. & Çankiriligil, E.C. (2019). The elemental composition of green seaweed (Ulva rigida) collected from Çanakkale, Turkey. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 34(3): 74-79, 2 figs, 2 tables.
Björk, M., Haglund, K., Ramazanov, Z., Garcia-Reina, G. & Pedersén, M. (1992). Inorganic-carbon assimilation in the green seaweed Ulva rigida C. Ag. (Chlorophyta). Planta 187: 152-156, 3 figs, 1 table.
Björk, M., Gómez-Pinchetti, J., García-Reina, G. & Pedersén, M. (1992). Protoplast isolation from Ulva rigida (Chlorophyta). British Phycological Journal 27: 401-407, 3 figs, 1 table.
Boubonari, T., Malea, P. & Kevrekidis, T. (2008). The green seaweed Ulva rigida as a bioindicator of metals (Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd) in a low-salinity coastal environment. Botanica Marina 51: 472-484.
Cabello-Pasini, A. & Figueroa, F.L. (2005). Effect of nitrate concentration on the relationship between photosynthetic oxygen evolution and electron transport rate in Ulva rigida (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 41: 1169-1177.
Cabello-Pasini, A., Macías-Carranza, V., Abdalá, R., Korbee, C. & Figueroa, F.L. (2011). Effect of nitrate concentration and UVR on phothosyntesis, respiratrion, nitrate reductasa activity and phenolic compounds in Ulva rigida (Chlorophyta). J. Appl. Phycol. 23: 363-369.
Collén, J. & Pedersén, M. (1996). Production, scavenging and toxicity of hydrogen peroxide in the green seaweed Ulva rigida. European Journal of Phycology 31: 265-271, 6 figs, 2 tables.
Corzo, A. & Niell, F.X. (1991). Determination of nitrate reductase activity in Ulva rigida C. Agardh by the in situ method. J Exp Mer Biol Ecol 146: 181-191.
Cruces, E., Rautenberger, R., Cubillos, V.M., Ramírez-Kushel, E., Rojas-Lillo, Y., Lara, C., Montory, J.A. & Gómez, I. (2019). Interaction of photoprotective and acclimation mechanisms in Ulva rigida (Chlorophyta) in response to diurnal changes in solar radiation in southern Chile. Journal of Phycology 55(5): 1011-1027.
Cuomo, V., Perretti, A., Palomba, I., Verde, A. & Cuomo, A. (1995). Utilization of Ulva rigida biomass in the Venice Lagoon (Italy): biotansformation in compost. Journal of Applied Phycology 7: 479-485.
De Casabianca, M.-L. & Posada, F. (1998). Effect of environmental parameters on the growth of Ulva rigida (Thau Lagoon, France). Botanica Marina 41: 157-165, 9 figs.
del Campo, E., García-Reina, G. & Correa, J.A. (1998). Degradative disease in Ulva rigida (Chlorophyceae) associated with Acrochaete geniculata (Chlorophyceae). Journal of Phycology 34: 160-166, 22 figs.
Fillit, M. (1995). Seasonal changes in the photosynthetic capacities and pigment content of Ulva rigida in a Mediterranean coastal lagoon. Botanica Marina 38: 271-280, 8 figs, 2 tables.
Fujita, R.M., Wheeler, P.A. & Edwards, R.L. (1988). Metabolic regulation of ammonium uptake by Ulva rigida (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 24: 560-566, 4 figs, 2 tables.
Gordillo, F.J.L., Figueroa, F.L. & Niell, F.X. (2003). Photon- and carbon use efficiency in Ulva rigida at different CO2 and N levels. Planta 218: 315-322.
Heesch, S., Sutherland, J.E., Ringham, S. & Nelson, W.A. (2021). Ulva L. (Ulvales, Chlorophyta) from Manawat?whi/ Three Kings Islands, New Zealand: Ulva piritoka Ng?ti Kuri, Heesch & W.A.Nelson, sp. nov. and records of two non-native species, U. compressa and U. rigida. Cryptogamie, Algologie 42(9): 129-140.
Jiménez del Rio, M., Ramazanov, Z. & García-Reina, G. (1996). Ulva rigida (Ulvales, Chlorophyta) tank culture as biofilters for dissolved inorganic nitrogen from fishpond effluents. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 61-66.
Kalugina-Gutnik, A. A. (1977). Biologiya chernomorskoi vodorosli Ulva rigida. (Biology of algae Ulva rigida from the Black Sea.)[abstr.] . : 70-71. [in Russian]
Lavery, P.S. & Mccomb, A.J. (1991). The nutritional eco-physiology of Chaetomorpha linum and Ulva rigida in Peel Inlet, western Australia. Botanica Marina 34: 251-260.
López-Figueroa, F. & Niell, F.X. (1989). A possible control by a phytochrome-like photoreceptor of chlorophyll synthesis in the green alga Ulva rigida. Photochemistry and Photobiology 50: 263-266.
López-Figueroa, F. & Niell, F.X. (1989). Red-light and blue-light photoreceptors controlling chlorophyll a synthesis in the red alga Porphyra umbilicalis and in the green alga Ulva rigida. Physiologia Plantarum 76: 391-397.
López-Figueroa, F. & Rudiger, W. (1991). Stimulation of nitrate net uptake and reduction by red and blue light and reversion by far-red light in the green alga Ulva rigida. Journal of Phycology 27: 389-394.
López-Figueroa, F. & Rüdiger, W. (1990). A possible control by phytochrome and other photoreceptors of protein accumulation in the green alga Ulva rigida. Phytochemistry and Phytobiology 52: 111-114.
Marques, A., Ferreira, J., Abreu, H., Pereira, R., Pinto, D., Silva, A., Gaivâo, I. & Pacheco, M. (2020 '2021'). Comparative genoprotection ability of wild-harvested vs. aquacultured Ulva rigida coupled with phytochemical profiling. European Journal Phycology 56(1): 105-118.
Mata, L.; Schuenhoff, A. & Santos, R. (2010). A direct comparison of the performance of the seaweed biofilters, Asparagopsis armata and Ulva rigida. J. Appl. Phycol. 22: 639-644.
Pérez-Cirera, J.L. & Gallardo, T. (1981). Notas sobre la vegetación bentónica del litoral de la Península Ibérica. II. Ulva rigida C. Agardh var. fimbriata J. Agardh en las costas españolas: su variabilidad morfológica y anatómica. Lazaroa 3: 227-233.
Phillips, J.A. (1990). Life history studies of Ulva rigida C. Ag. and Ulva stenophylla S. et G. (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) in Southern Australia. Botanica Marina 33: 79-84.
Riccardi, N. & Solidoro, C. (1996). The influence of environmental variables onUlva rigida C.Ag. Growth and production. Botanica Marina 39: 27-32.
Rico, R.M., Tejedor-Junco, M.T., Tapia-Paniagua, S.T., Alarcón, F.J., Mancera, J.M, López-Figueroa, F., Balebona, M.C., Abdalá-Díaz, R.T. & Moriñigo, M.A. (2016). Influence of the dietary inclusion of Gracilaria cornea and Ulva rigida on the biodiversity of the intestinal microbiota of Sparus aurata juveniles . Aquaculture International 24(4): 965-984.
Sfriso, A. (1995). Temporal and spatial responses of growth of Ulva rigida C. Ag. to environmental and tissue concentrations of nutrients in the Lagoon of Venice. Botanica Marina 38: 557-573, 6 figs, 3 tables.
Sfriso, A. (2010). Coexistence of Ulva rigida and Ulva laetevirens (Ulvales, Chlorophyta) in Venice Lagoon and other Italian transitional and marine environments. Botanica marina 53: 9-18.
Sfriso, A.A. & Sfriso, A. (2017). In situ biomass production of Gracilariaceae and Ulva rigida: the venice Lagoon as a study case. Botanica Marina 60(3): 271-283.
Vizcaino, A.J., Mendes, S.I., Varela, J.L., Ruiz-Jarabo, I., Rico, R., Figueroa, F.L., Abdala, R., Moriñigo, M.A., Mancera, J.M. & Alarcón, F.J. (2016). Growth, tissue metabolites and digestive functionality in Sparus aurata juveniles fed different levels of macroalgae, Gracilaria cornea and Ulva rigida. Aquaculture Research 47(10): 3224-3238.
Zanvondik, N. (1987). Seasonal variations in the rate of photosynthesis activity and chemical composition of the littoral seaweeds Ulva rigida and Porphyra leucostica from the North Adriatic. Botanica Marina 30: 71-82.

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G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 September 2021.

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