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Sargassum polycystum C.Agardh 1824

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Sargassum

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Sargassum polycystum C.Agardh
Heron Island, Queensland. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Sargassum polycystum C.Agardh
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Sargassum polycystum C.Agardh
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Sargassum polycystum C.Agardh
1. Habit and fragment of main axis. Insert: basal part. 2. Habitat, subtidal (Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam). Upper insert: habit (in aquarium). Lower insert: the upper part of the plant.. 09 Mar 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova. © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Sargassum polycystum C.Agardh
Barrow Island, Western Australia. 25 May 2011. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

Sargassum polycystum C.Agardh
Hsiao-Liuchiu island, Pingtong County, Taiwan. 1992. 6. 17. Photo by Huang Su-fang, National Taiwan Museum, from http://www.ntm.gov.tw/seaweeds. Huang Su-fang. © Sue Huang (sfhuang@ntm.gov.tw).

 

Gonimophyllum australe Skottsberg

Sargassum polycystum C.Agardh 1. Habit and fragment of main axis. Insert: basal part. 2. Habitat, subtidal (Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam). Upper insert: habit (in aquarium). Lower insert: the upper part of the plant.
© Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru)

Publication details
Sargassum polycystum C.Agardh 1824: 304

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1824). Systema algarum. pp. [i]-xxxvii, [1]-312. Lundae [Lund]: Literis Berlingianis [Berling].
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Publication date: probably September 1824

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Sargassum is Sargassum bacciferum (Turner) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Sunda Strait, Indonesia (Silva & al. 1996: 694). Syntypes: TCD 1108, 1109 (Mattio et al. 2009: 1222).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Sargassum Section Polycystae

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Sargassum myriocystum f. horridula Grunow
Sargassum spinuligerum f. humilis Grunow
Sargassum gaudichaudii Montagne 1842
Sargassum myriocystum J.Agardh 1848
Sargassum polycystum var. onustum J.Agardh 1848
Carpacanthus gaudichaudii (Montagne) Kützing 1849
Sargassum elegans Greville 1849
Sargassum brevifolium Greville 1849
Sargassum pygmaeum Kützing 1849
Sargassum ambiguum Sonder 1871
Sargassum polycystum var. horridulum Grunow 1874
Sargassum opacum J.Agardh 1889
Sargassum myriocystum var. elegans Grunow 1915

Taxonomic notes
According to Silva et al. (1996) the following taxa apparently lie within the circumspection of this species but have not yet been transferred or reduced to synonymy: Sargassum brevifolium var. pergracile Grunow Sargassum brevifolium [var. pergracile] forma subecostatum Grunow

Previously in section Zygocarpicae. Matteo et al. (2009: 1222) place this species in subgenus Sargassum, section Polycystae Mattio & Payri 2009: 1220. - (19 Jan 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Shallow reef flats and rocky bottom (Mattio et al. 2009: 1222). - (19 Jan 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Sargassum myriocystum J.Agardh)
Chinese: Agar-agar koepan (Kirby 1953).

Indonesion: Agar-agar koepan (Kirby 1953).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
boto-boto {Ilo}; lusay-lusay {Phil}

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Sargassum polycystum C.Agardh)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1978).

Africa: Kenya (Silva & al. 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Madagascar (Silva & al. 1996, Mattio et al. 2015, Vieira & al. 2021), Mauritius (Silva & al. 1996), Mozambique (Bandeira, António & Critchley 2001), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva & al. 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005, Matteo & Payri 2010).

Indian Ocean Islands: Andaman Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Mascarene Islands (Mattio et al. 2013), Réunion (Silva & al. 1996), Rodrigues Island (De Clerck & al. 2004), Seychelles (Silva & al. 1996).

South-west Asia: Goa (Pereira & Almeida 2014), India (Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992, Silva & al. 1996, Rao & Gupta 2015), Karnataka (Yadav & Palanisamy 2020), Pakistan (Silva & al. 1996), Sri Lanka (Silva & al. 1996, Coppejans & al. 2009).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Tseng & Lu Baoren 1988, Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992, Phillips 1995, Silva & al. 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Malaysia (Phillips 1995, Silva & al. 1996, Ajisaka, Phang & Yoshida 1999, Ajisaka 2002), Myanmar (Burma) (Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992, Silva & al. 1996, Soe-Htun & al. 2009), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Trono 1992, Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992, Phillips 1995, Trono 1997, Liao, Belleza & Gerldino 2013, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Teo & Wee 1983, Phillips 1995, Silva & al. 1996, Ajisaka 2002, Pham & al. 2011, Yip & al. 2018), Thailand (Phillips 1995, Coppejans & al. 2011, Tsutsui & al. 2012, Kantachumpoo & al. 2015), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992, Phillips 1995, Kristiansen & Lind 1995, Stiger et al. 2000, Yoshida, Stiger, Ajisaka & Noro 2002, Abbott, Fisher & McDermid 2002, Stiger et al. 2004, Tsutsui et al. 2005, Dai 2007, Titlyanov et al. 2011, Titlyanov & Titlyanova 2012, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015, Nguyen & Boo 2020 ).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1988, Phillips 1995, Tseng & Lu 2000, Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2016, Titlyanov & al. 2019), Japan (Okamura 1936, Yoshida 1988, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992, Ajisaka, Noro & Yoshida 1995, Phillips 1995, Yoshida 1998, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2019), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Yoshida 1988, Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992, Shao 2003-2014), Xisha Islands (Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Huisman 2019), Lord Howe Island (Kraft 2009), Papua New Guinea (Mattio & Payri 2009), Queensland (Lewis 1985, Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992, Cribb 1996, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Mattio & Payri 2009, Kraft 2009, Bostock & Holland 2010), Western Australia (Dixon et al. 2012, Dixon & Huisman 2015).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Tsuda 1988, Phillips 1995, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992, Phillips 1995, N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003, Littler & Littler 2003, Mattio et al. 2009, Mattio & Payri 2009), Guam (Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992, Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), New Caledonia (Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992, Noro & Abbott 1994, Payri 2007, Mattio & Payri 2009), Northern Mariana Islands (Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992), Republic of Palau (Ohba & al. 2007), Solomon Islands (Mattio et al. 2009, Mattio & Payri 2009), Tonga (Chiang, Yoshida, Ajisaka, Trono, Tseng & Lu Baoren 1992), Vanuatu (Mattio et al. 2009, Mattio & Payri 2009, Kraft 2009), Wallis & Futuna Is. (Mattio et al. 2009).

(as Sargassum gaudichaudii Montagne)
Africa: Mauritius (Silva & al. 1996).

Indian Ocean Islands: Nicobar Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Réunion (Silva & al. 1996).

South-west Asia: India (Sahoo et al. 2001).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva & al. 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Phillips 1995, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Silva & al. 1996, Pham & al. 2011).

Asia: China (Tseng & Lu Baoren 1997), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016).

(as Sargassum myriocystum J.Agardh)
Africa: Mauritius (Børgesen 1941, Silva & al. 1996).

Indian Ocean Islands: Andaman Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Nicobar Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Seychelles (Silva & al. 1996).

South-west Asia: India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001), Sri Lanka (Silva & al. 1996).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Phillips 1995, Silva & al. 1996), Malaysia (Phillips 1995, Silva & al. 1996, Ajisaka, Phang & Yoshida 1999), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Phillips 1995), Singapore (Phillips 1995, Silva & al. 1996).

Asia: China (Tseng & Lu 2000, Liu 2008), Japan (Okamura 1936, Ajisaka, Noro & Yoshida 1995, Yoshida 1998, Stiger et al. 2000, Yoshida, Stiger, Ajisaka & Noro 2002, Stiger et al. 2004, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: New Caledonia (Phillips 1995, Payri 2007).

(as Sargassum polycystum var. onustum J.Agardh)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1978).

Africa: Mauritius (Børgesen 1941, Silva & al. 1996), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva & al. 1996).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Dai 2007, Nguyen et al. 2013).

Asia: South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016).

(as Sargassum pygmaeum Kützing)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Sargassum ambiguum Sonder)
Asia: China (Tseng & Lu Baoren 1988), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Sargassum polycystum var. horridulum Grunow)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Sargassum opacum J.Agardh)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Lewis 1985, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010).

(as Sargassum myriocystum var. elegans Grunow)
South-west Asia: India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001).

Key references
Abbott, I.A., Fisher, J. & McDermid, K.J. (2002). Newly reported and revised marine algae from the vicinity of Nha Trang, Vietnam. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol. 8, pp. 291-321. Oceanographic Institute, Nha Trang, Vietnam: California Sea Grant College.

Ajisaka, T. (2002). Sargassum specimens from Singapore and Malaysia in the Herbarium of the Bishop Museum. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.8, pp. 77-88. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College.

Ajisaka, T., Noro, T. & Yoshida, T. (1995). Zygocarpic Sargassum species (subgenus Sargassum) from Japan. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.5, pp. 11-44. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Ajisaka, T., Phang, S.M. & Yoshida, T. (1999). Preliminary report of Sargassum species collected from Malaysian coasts. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 23-41. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Chiang, Y.-M., Yoshida, T., Ajisaka, T., Trono, G., Jr, Tseng, C.K. & Lu Baoren (1992). Distribution and variation in Sargassum polycystum C.A. Agardh (Fucales, Phaeophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Western Atlantic species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.3, pp. 35-42. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College.

Cho, S.M., Lee, S.M., Ko, Y.D., Mattio, L. & Boo, S.M. (2012). Molecular systematic reassessment of Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in Korea using four gene regions. Botanica Marina 55(5): 473-484.

De Toni, G.B. (1895). Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Vol. III. Fucoideae. Vol. 3 pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-638. Patavii [Padua]: Sumptibus auctoris.

Dixon, R.R.M. & Huisman, J.M. (2015). Fucales. In: Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 245-275. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Dixon, R.R.M., Matteo, L., Huisman, J.M., Payri, C.E., Bolton, J.J. & Gurgel, F.D. (2014). North meets south - Taxonomic and biogeographic implications of a phylogenetic assessment of Sargassum subgenera Arthrophycus and Bactrophycus (Fucales, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 53(1): 15-22.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Kraft, G.T. (2009). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of Lord Howe Island and the southern Great Barrier Reef, 2. Brown algae. pp. [i-iv], v-vi, 1-364, 107 figs. Erratum of fig. 73 from vol. 1. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study and CSIRO Publishing.

Krishnamurthy, V. & Ezhili, R. (2013). Phaeophyceae of India and neighbourhood Volume II The Fucales. pp. [i]-iv, 1-156, 31 figs, pls I-XLIX. Chennai: Krishnamurthy Institute of Algology.

Mattio, L. & Payri, C.E. (2009). Taxonomic revision of Sargassum species (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) from New Caledonia based on morphological and molecular analyses. Journal of Phycology 45(6): 1374-1388.

Mattio, L., Bolton, J.J. & Anderson, R.J. (2015). Contribution to the revision of the genus Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in Madagascar using morphological and molecular data. Cryptogamie Algologie 36(2): 143-169.

Mattio, L., Payri, C.E. & Verlaque, M. (2009). Taxonomic revision and geographic distribution of the subgenus Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in the western and central Pacific islands based on morphological and molecular analyses. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1213-1227.

Mattio, L., Payri, C.E., Verlaque, M. & De Reviers, B. (2010). Taxonomic revision of Sargassum sect. Acanthocarpicae (Fucales, Phaeophyceae). Taxon 59(3): 896-904.

Mattio, L., Zubia, M., Loveday, B., Crochelet, E., Duong, N., Payri, C.E., Bhagooli, R. & Bolton, J.J. (2013). Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in Mauritius and Réunion, western Indian Ocean: taxonomic revision and biogeography using hydrodynamic dispersal models. Phycologia 52(6): 578-594.

Noro, T. & Abbott, I.A. (1994). A tentative identification of some specimens of Sargassum from the tropical south Pacific. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 33-34. California Sea Grant College, University of California.

Phillips, N. (1995). Biogeography of Sargassum (Phaeophyta) in the Pacific basin. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol. 5, pp. 107-145. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Stiger, V., Horiguchi, T., Yoshida, T., Coleman, A.W. & Masuda, M. (2000). Phylogenetic relationships of Sargassum (Sargassaceae, Phaeophyceae) with reference to a taxonomic revision of the section Phyllocystae based on ITS-2 nrDNA sequences. Phycological Research 48: 251-260.

Stiger, V., Horiguchi, T., Yoshida, T., Coleman, A.W. & Masuda, M. (2003). Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae), inferred from it ITS nrDNA, with an emphasis on the taxonomic revision of the genus. Phycological Research 51(1): 1-10.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanova, T.V. (2012). Morskiye rasteniya stran Aziatsko-Tikhookeanskogo regiona, ikh ispol'zovaniye i kul'tivirovaniye [Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation]. pp. 376, 52 numbered figures, 162 plates. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Trono Jr., G. (1992). The genus Sargassum in the Philippines. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Western Atlantic species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 43-94. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College.

Trono, G.C., Jr (1997). Field guide and atlas of the seaweed resourves of the Philippines. pp. [i]-xx.[1]-306, 168 figs. Makati City, The Philippines: Bookmark, Inc..

Tseng, C.K. & Lu Baoren (1988). Studies on Chinese species of zygocarpic Sargassum. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol. 2, pp. 23-54. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College Program.

Tsuda, R.T. (1988). Sargassum from Micronesia. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 59-63. California Sea Grant College Program.

Yoshida, T. (1988). Japanese and Taiwanese species of Sargassum subgenus Sargassum. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 5-21.

Yoshida, T., Stiger, V., Ajisaka, T. & Noro, T. (2002). A molecular study of section-level classification of Sargassum subgenus Bactrophycus (Sargassaceae, Phaeophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & McDermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.8, pp. 89-94. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College.

Created: 15 March 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 04 March 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 14227 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Chiang, Y.-M., Yoshida, T., Ajisaka, T., Trono, G., Jr, Tseng, C.K. & Lu Baoren (1992). Distribution and variation in Sargassum polycystum C.A. Agardh (Fucales, Phaeophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Western Atlantic species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.3, pp. 35-42. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College.
Chiang, Y.M. et al. (1992). Distribution and variation in Sargassum polycystum C.A. Agardh (Fucales, Phaeophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.3 La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant.
Largo, D.B., Ohno, M. & Critchley, A.T. (1994). Seasonal changes in the growth and reproduction of Sargassum polycystum C. Ag. and Sargassum siliquosum J. Ag. (Sargassaceae, Fucales) from Liloan, Cebu, in Central Philippines. Japanese Journal of Phycology 42: 53-61.
Saraswathi, S.J., Babu, B. & Rengasamy, R. (2003). Seasonal studies on the alginate and its biochemical composition I: Sargassum polycystum (fucales), Phaeophyceae. Phycological Research 51(4): 240-243.
Soe-Htun, U., Mya Kyawt Wai, Soe Pa Pa Kyaw, Myo Min Tun & Hsu Mon Oo5 (2012). The morphotaxonomy and phytogeographical distribution of the species of Sargassum section Polycystae (Fucales, Phaeophyta) from Myanmar: Sargassum polycystum C. Agardh and S. plagiophyllum C. Agardh. Mawlamyine University Research Journal 4(1): 1-19.
Sumara, F.C. & Cajipe, G.L.B. (1981). Extraction and purification of auxin-like substances from Sargassum polycystum C. Ag.. Botanica Marina 24: 157-163.
Sumera, F.C. & Cajipe, G.J.B. (1981). Extraction and partial characterization of auxin-like substances from Sargassum polycystum C. Ag.. Botanica Marina 24: 157-163.
Wong C.L., Gan S.Y. & Phang S.M. (2004). Morphological and molecular characterisation and differentiation of Sargassum baccularia and S. polycystum (Phaeophyta). Journal of Applied Phycology 16: 439-445.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 June 2021.

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