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158,859 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,385 images, 61,538 bibliographic items, 456,692 distributional records.

Desmodesmus armatus (Chodat) E.H.Hegewald 2000

Publication details
Desmodesmus armatus (Chodat) E.H.Hegewald 2000: 2

Published in: Hegewald, E.[H.] (2000). New combinations in the genus Desmodesmus (Chlorophyceae, Scenedesmaceae). Algological Studies 96: 1-18.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Desmodesmus is Scenedesmus quadricauda (Turpin) Brébisson.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Scenedesmus hystrix var. armatus Chodat

Type information
Type locality: Switzerlan: Champex (Index Nominum Algarum).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), equipped, armed (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Scenedesmus hystrix var. armatus Chodat 1902
Scenedesmus hystrix f. armatus (Chodat) Volk 1906
Scenedesmus armatus (Chodat) Chodat 1913

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Scenedesmus caudatus var. apiculatus Kützing 1849
Scenedesmus caudatus var. major Kützing 1849
Scenedesmus armatus var. chodatii G.M.Smith 1916
Scenedesmus quadricauda f. spiralis Printz 1916
Scenedesmus longus f. arcuatus O.Borge 1921
Scenedesmus quadricauda var. papillatus Svirenko 1924
Scenedesmus armatus f. granulatus Deflandre 1924
Scenedesmus quadricauda var. dentatus Dedusenko 1925
Scenedesmus acutiformis var. quadricauda Proshkina-Lavrenko 1925
Scenedesmus quadricauda var. monospina Dedusenko 1925
Scenedesmus armatus var. smithii Chodat 1926
Scenedesmus ellipsoideus Chodat 1926
Scenedesmus armatus var. indicus Chodat 1926
Scenedesmus quadricauda var. asymmetricus Liebet. 1926
Scenedesmus quadricauda var. arcuatus Y.V.Roll 1927
Scenedesmus helveticus var. muzzanensis Huber-Pestalozzi 1929
Scenedesmus hunanensis C.-C.Jao 1940
Scenedesmus westii var. heterospinosus Hortobágyi 1940
Scenedesmus mirandus Hortobágyi 1947
Scenedesmus armatus f. semicostatus Hortobágyi 1949
Scenedesmus quadricauda var. spinosus Dedusenko 1949
Scenedesmus armatus f. quadrispinosus Bourrelly 1952
Scenedesmus quadricauda var. helvieticus (Chodat) Dedusenko 1953
Scenedesmus armatus f. major Uherkovich 1956
Scenedesmus quadricauda var. ellipsoideus (Chodat) M.-B.Florin 1957
Scenedesmus mirus Hortobágyi 1959
Scenedesmus maculosus Hortobágyi 1959
Scenedesmus decorus Hortobágyi 1959
Scenedesmus scutatus Hortobágyi 1959
Scenedesmus columnatus f. heterospinosus Hortobágyi 1959
Scenedesmus maculosus f. obtusospinosus Hortobágyi 1959
Scenedesmus thomassonii Hortobágyi 1959
Scenedesmus quadricauda f. granulatus Hortobagyi 1960
Scenedesmus sooi var. tiszae Uherkovich 1960
Scenedesmus carinatus f. deflexus Hortobágyi 1960
Scenedesmus speciosus Hortobágyi 1960
Scenedesmus longispina var. regularis Hortobágyi 1960
Scenedesmus nanus f. maculatus Hortobágyi 1960
Scenedesmus quadrispina f. granulatus Hortobagyi 1960
Scenedesmus quadricauda var. interruptecostatus Massjuk 1962
Scenedesmus maharastrensis N.D.Kamat 1963
Scenedesmus margalefii N.D.Kamat 1963
Scenedesmus kolhapurensis N.D.Kamat 1963
Scenedesmus mahabuleshwarensis N.D.Kamat 1964
Scenedesmus jovis var. longicaudatus Hortobagyi & Németh 1965
Scenedesmus lefevrei var. semiserratus Uherkovich 1966
Scenedesmus quadricauda f. regularis (Hortobágyi) Uherkovich 1966
Scenedesmus quadricauda f. granulatus (Hortobágyi) Uherkovich 1966
Scenedesmus quadricauda var. kolhapurensis (N.D.Kamat) Philipose 1967
Scenedesmus pseudoarmatus Hortobágyi 1969
Scenedesmus armatus f. crassicaudatus Hortobágyi 1969
Scenedesmus armatus f. crassiheterocaudatus Hortobágyi 1969
Scenedesmus columnatus var. sexangulus Hortobágyi 1969
Scenedesmus columnatus var. tropicus Hortobágyi 1969
Scenedesmus longispina f. granulatus Hortobágyi 1969
Scenedesmus opoliensis f. deflexus Hortobágyi 1969
Scenedesmus pocsii Hortobágyi 1969
Scenedesmus sooi f. granulatus Hortobágyi 1969
Scenedesmus quadricauda f. aculeato-granulatus Hortobágyi 1971
Scenedesmus pseudolongispina Hortobágyi 1972
Chodatella balatonica f. granulata Hortobágyi 1974
Scenedesmus trainorii Shubert 1975
Scenedesmus trainorii f. quadricauda Shubert 1975
Scenedesmus uherkovichii Hortobágyi 1976
Scenedesmus pseudohelveticus Kirjakov 1977
Scenedesmus pseudopoliensis var. sexangulus (Hortobágyi) Kirjakov 1977
Scenedesmus pseudoquadricauda var. pseudolongispina (Hortobágyi) Kirjakov 1977
Scenedesmus quadricauda var. mirus (Hortobágyi) Kirjakov 1977
Scenedesmus sooi var. bouakensis Uherkovich 1977
Scenedesmus opoliensis f. danubialis Hortobágyi 1981
Scenedesmus pseudoarmatus var. danubialis Hortobágyi 1981
Scenedesmus sooi f. elegans Hortobágyi 1981
Scenedesmus sooi f. robustus Hortobágyi 1981
Scenedesmus caudato-aculeolatus var. spinosus (Dedusenko) Pankow 1986
Scenedesmus armatus var. interruptecostatus (Masjuk) Pankow 1986
Scenedesmus caudato-aculeolatus var. maharastrensis (N.D.Kamat) Pankow 1986
Scenedesmus helveticus var. asymetricus Bourrelly 1987

Distributional notes
Southern Baltic Sea (Matusiak-Mikulin et al., 2006: 30). - (11 Sep 2006) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Scenedesmus hystrix var. armatus Chodat)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Scenedesmus armatus (Chodat) Chodat)
Arctic: Ellesmere Island (Croasdale 1973).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Xavier et al. 2018).

Europe: Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014), Britain (John & Tsarenko 2002, Whitton & al. 2003), Czech Republic (Hasler, Handák & Handákova 2007), France (Fayolle et al. 2016 ), Germany (Mauch & Schmedtje 2003, Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2016), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Portugal (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998, Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Romania (Caraus 2017), Russia (Europe) (Stenina & Patova 2007, Patova & Demina 2007), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016, Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spain (Álvarez Cobelas 1982, Alvárez Cobelas & Gallardo 1986, Aboal 1988b, Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Sweden (Skuja 1948, Skuja 1956).

North America: Aleutian Islands (Skuja 1969), Laurentian Great Lakes (Prescott 1962), Mexico (Figueroa-Torres & al. 2015), Northwest Territories (Sheath & Steinman 1982), Québec (Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985), Brazil (Freitas & Loverde-Oliveira 2013).

Africa: Sudan (Reinhold 1937).

Middle East: Iraq (Maulood & al. 2013, Maulood & al. 2013), Turkey (Aysel 2005).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Ahmed & al. 2008), India (Gupta 2012).

South-east Asia: Myanmar (Burma) (Skuja 1949).

Asia: China (Hu & Wei 2006, Liu & Hu & al. 2012), Japan (Hirose, Yamagishi & Akiyama 1977), Sakha (Yakutia) (Kopyrina, Pshennikova & Barinova 2020), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Day & al. 1995), Queensland (Day & al. 1995).

(as Scenedesmus armatus var. chodatii G.M.Smith)
North America: Laurentian Great Lakes (Prescott 1962).

Asia: China (Liu & Hu & al. 2012).

(as Scenedesmus quadricauda var. dentatus Dedusenko)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015).

Asia: China (Liu & Hu & al. 2012).

(as Scenedesmus ellipsoideus Chodat)
Europe: Germany (Stutz & Mattern (eds) & al. 2018), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Romania (Caraus 2017), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spain (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998, Pérez, Comas & Maidana 2010).

South America: Brazil (Bicudo et al. 1999).

Asia: China (Liu & Hu & al. 2012), Japan (Hirose, Yamagishi & Akiyama 1977), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Scenedesmus hunanensis C.-C.Jao)
Asia: China (Liu & Hu & al. 2012).

(as Scenedesmus quadricauda var. spinosus Dedusenko)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016).

(as Scenedesmus mirus Hortobágyi)
Europe: Romania (Caraus 2017).

(as Scenedesmus maculosus Hortobágyi)
Europe: Germany (Stutz & Mattern (eds) & al. 2018).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

(as Scenedesmus decorus Hortobágyi)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

(as Scenedesmus scutatus Hortobágyi)
South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

(as Scenedesmus quadricauda f. granulatus Hortobagyi)
South America: Argentina (Tell 1985).

(as Scenedesmus sooi var. tiszae Uherkovich)
Europe: Spain (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998).

(as Scenedesmus carinatus f. deflexus Hortobágyi)
Asia: China (Liu & Hu & al. 2012).

(as Scenedesmus speciosus Hortobágyi)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015).

(as Scenedesmus maharastrensis N.D.Kamat)
South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

(as Scenedesmus margalefii N.D.Kamat)
South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

(as Scenedesmus lefevrei var. semiserratus Uherkovich)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015).

(as Scenedesmus quadricauda var. kolhapurensis (N.D.Kamat) Philipose)
South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

(as Scenedesmus pseudoarmatus Hortobágyi)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Romania (Caraus 2017), Spain (Aboal 1996, Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985, Tell 1985).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Hortobagyi 1969).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Scenedesmus trainorii Shubert)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015).

(as Scenedesmus trainorii f. quadricauda Shubert)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015).

(as Scenedesmus caudato-aculeolatus var. spinosus (Dedusenko) Pankow)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015).

(as Desmodesmus armatus (Chodat) E.H.Hegewald)
Europe: Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Britain (John, Whitton & Brook 2011), Czech Republic (Stirk et al. 2013 ), Germany (Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2019), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Romania (Caraus 2017), Russia (Europe) (Fenchel & al. 1995, Patova & Demina 2007, Patova & Demina 2008), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018, Karlason & al. 2018), Spain (Fanés Treviño, Comas González & Sánchez Castillo 2009, Pérez, Maidana & Comas 2009, Pérez, Comas & Maidana 2010), Ukraine (Tsarenko 2011, Malakhov, Kryvosheia & Tsarenko 2017, Berezovskaya 2019).

Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Comas González 2009, Comas-González & al. 2017).

South America: Brazil (Ferragut et al. 2005, Menezes 2010, Hentschke & Torgan 2010, Ramos & al. 2015, Dunck & al. 2018, Tucci & al. 2019).

Africa: Sudan (Reinhold 1937).

Middle East: Israel (Barinova, Tavassi & Nevo 2006, Barinova & Tavassi 2009, Barinova, Tavassi & Glassman 2009, Barinova & al. 2004), Turkey (Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-east Asia: Singapore (Pham & al. 2011).

Asia: Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Sakha (Yakutia) (Kopyrina, Pshennikova & Barinova 2020).

Key references
Hentschke, G.S. & Torgan, L.C. (2010). Desmodesmus e Scenedesmus (Scenedesmaceae, Sphaeropleales, Chlorophyceae) em ambientes aquáticos na Planície Costeira do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Rodriguésia 61: 585-601.

Matusiak-Mikulin, K., Tukai, C. & Tukai, Z. (2006). Relationships between growth, development and photosynthetic activity during the cell cycle of Desmodesmus armatus (Chlorophyta) in synchronous cultures. European Journal of Phycology 41: 29-38.

Ramos, G.J.P., Bicudo, C.E. de M. & Moura, C.W. do N.M. (2015). Scenedesmaceae (Chlorophyta, Chlorophyceae) de duas áreas do Pantanal dos Marimbus (Baiano e Remanso), Chapada Diamantina, Estado da Bahia, Brasil. Hoehnea 42(3): 549-566.

Tsarenko, P.M. & John, D.M. (2011). Order Sphaeropleales sensu lato [Phylum Chlorophyta]. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 419-475. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tsarenko, P.M. (2011). Sphaeropleales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 280-355. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G..

Verschoor, A.M., van der Stap, I., Helmsing, N.R., Lürling, M. & van Donk, E. (2004). Inducible colony formation within the Scenedesmaceae: adaptive responses to infochemicals from two different herbivore taxa. Journal of Phycology 40: 808-814, 5 figs, 1 table.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 January 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3496 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Matusiak-Mikulin, K., Tukai, C. & Tukai, Z. (2006). Relationships between growth, development and photosynthetic activity during the cell cycle of Desmodesmus armatus (Chlorophyta) in synchronous cultures. European Journal of Phycology 41: 29-38.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 05 August 2020.

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