156,743 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,033 images, 60,588 bibliographic items, 449,679 distributional records.

Guinardia delicatula (Cleve) Hasle

Publication details
Guinardia delicatula (Cleve) Hasle in Hasle & Syvertsen 1997: 161, pl. 31: fig. 36

Published in: Hasle, G.R. & Syvertsen, E.E. (1996). Marine diatoms. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 5-385. San Diego: Academic Press.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Guinardia is Guinardia flaccida (Castracane) H.Peragallo.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Rhizosolenia delicatula Cleve

Type information
Syntype localities: "At S:t Vaast la Hogue [Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue, Normandy] in north-western France. rare in April and in November, at Helder [Den Helder, The Netherlands] in August and September, in the Skagerak common in the first half of June, rare in September and November." (Cleve 1900: 28).

Origin of species name
Adjective B (Latin), very delicate (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Rhizosolenia delicatula Cleve 1900

Usage notes
Guinardia delicatula is known to form nontoxic high biomass blooms worldwide. No harmful incident has been reported, but species may be regarded as potentially harmful during its blooms (Fryxell & Hasle, 2004). - (5 Jul 2019) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Rhizosolenia delicatula Cleve)
Europe: Britain (Hendey 1954, Hendey 1974, Hartley 1986), France (Anon. 2017), Helgoland (Hoppenrath 2004), Netherlands (Veen et al. 2015), Romania (Caraus 2002).

North America: Canada (Mather et al. 2010).

Africa: Egypt (Nassar & Khairy 2014, Nassar & Kham 2014).

South-west Asia: Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

Asia: China (Liu 2008), Korea (Lee, Choi & Lee 1995), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014, Shevchenko et al. 2019), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012).

(as Guinardia delicatula (Cleve) Hasle)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014), France (Anon. 2017, Hernández Fariñas et al. 2017), France (Breizh) (Guilloux et al. 2013), Helgoland (Hoppenrath 2004, Hoppenrath 2004), Netherlands (Dijkman & Kromkamp 2007, Veen et al. 2015), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Romania (Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Karlason et al. 2018), Turkey (Europe) (Balkis 2004).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014).

North America: Canada (Mather et al. 2010), Mexico (Caribbean) (Merino-Virgilio et al. 2013, Licea, Moreno-Ruiz & Luna 2016).

South America: Brazil (Eskinazi-Leça et al. 2010).

Indian Ocean Islands: Maldives (Stanca et al. 2013).

South-west Asia: Kuwait (Al-Kandari, Al-Yamani & Al-Rifaie 2009, Al-Kandari & Suburova 2019).

Asia: Korea (Lee 2012, Jeong et al. 2017), Russia (Far East) (Shevchenko et al. 2019), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013), New Zealand (Harper et al. 2012).

Key references
Al-Yamani, F.Y. & Suburova, M.A. (2019). Marine phytoplankton of Kuwait's waters Volume II. Diatoms. pp. [1]-336, 161 pls. Kuwait: Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research.

Bérard-Therriault, L., Poulin, M. & Bossé, L. (1999). Guide d'identification du phytoplancton marin de l'estuaire et du Golfe du Saint-Laurent incluant également certains protozoaires. Publication Spéciale Canadienne des Sciences Halieutiques et Aquatiques 128: 1-387.

Dijkman, N.A. & Kromkamp, J.C. (2007). Photosynthetic characteristics of the phytoplankton in the Scheldt estuary: community and single-cell fluorescence measurements. European Journal of Phycology 41: 425-434.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Hoppenrath, M., Elbrächter, M. & Drebes, G. (2009). Marine phytoplankton Selected microphytoplankton species from the North Sea around Helgoland and Sylt. pp. [1]-264, figs 1-87. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Lee, J.H. (2012). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 3, Number 6. Chrysophyta: Bacillariophyceae: Centrales: Thalassiosiraceae, Rhizosoleniaceae. Marine diatoms II. pp. [1-6], 1-110, figs 1-70. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 05 July 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3044 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 14 November 2019.

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